Extending systems thinking in planning and evaluation using group concept mapping and system dynamics to tackle complex problems

Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Jennifer Urban, Leah Frerichs, Gaurav Dave

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Group concept mapping (GCM) has been successfully employed in program planning and evaluation for over 25 years. The broader set of systems thinking methodologies (of which GCM is one), have only recently found their way into the field. We present an overview of systems thinking emerging from a system dynamics (SD) perspective, and illustrate the potential synergy between GCM and SD. As with GCM, participatory processes are frequently employed when building SD models; however, it can be challenging to engage a large and diverse group of stakeholders in the iterative cycles of divergent thinking and consensus building required, while maintaining a broad perspective on the issue being studied. GCM provides a compelling resource for overcoming this challenge, by richly engaging a diverse set of stakeholders in broad exploration, structuring, and prioritization. SD provides an opportunity to extend GCM findings by embedding constructs in a testable hypothesis (SD model) describing how system structure and changes in constructs affect outcomes over time. SD can be used to simulate the hypothesized dynamics inherent in GCM concept maps. We illustrate the potential of the marriage of these methodologies in a case study of BECOMING, a federally-funded program aimed at strengthening the cross-sector system of care for youth with severe emotional disturbances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-264
Number of pages11
JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
Volume60
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2017

Fingerprint

Systems Analysis
Affective Symptoms
planning
Program Evaluation
Marriage
evaluation
Consensus
Group
stakeholder
methodology
prioritization
marriage
System dynamics
Systems thinking
Planning
Evaluation
Concept mapping
system structure
program planning
system change

Keywords

  • Group concept mapping
  • System dynamics
  • Systems of Care
  • Systems thinking

Cite this

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Extending systems thinking in planning and evaluation using group concept mapping and system dynamics to tackle complex problems. / Hassmiller Lich, Kristen; Urban, Jennifer; Frerichs, Leah; Dave, Gaurav.

In: Evaluation and Program Planning, Vol. 60, 01.02.2017, p. 254-264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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