Factors Associated with AIDS-Related Behavioral Intentions among High School Students in an AIDS Epicenter

Heather J. Walter, Roger D. Vaughan, Madeline M. Gladis, Deborah Ragin, Stephanie Kasen, Alwyn T. Cohall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using data from a cross-sectional survey of 531 predominantly black and Hispanic 10th graders in two New York City schools, the explanatory power of predictors of intentions to engage in sexual intercourse, to have multiple intercourse partners, and to use condoms was compared. Theoretically derived predictor variables (i.e., susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, self-efficacy, values, norms) were derived from the health belief model, social cognitive theory, and a model of social influence. One half of sampled students definitely intended to have sexual intercourse in the next year, one tenth definitely intended to have multiple partners, and two thirds definitely intended to use condoms. In multivariate analyses, variables derived from the model of social influence and from social cognitive theory were most strongly associated with the three investigated behavioral intentions; however, certain background and health belief variables also contributed to the explained variance in intercourse and multiple partner intentions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-420
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Education & Behavior
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1993

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Sexual Partners
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Coitus
Condoms
Students
Health
Self Efficacy
Hispanic Americans
Multivariate Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
AIDS/HIV
Behavioral Intention
High School Students
Social Theory
Predictors
Intentions
Social Influence
Social Cognitive Theory
Sexual

Cite this

Walter, Heather J. ; Vaughan, Roger D. ; Gladis, Madeline M. ; Ragin, Deborah ; Kasen, Stephanie ; Cohall, Alwyn T. / Factors Associated with AIDS-Related Behavioral Intentions among High School Students in an AIDS Epicenter. In: Health Education & Behavior. 1993 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 409-420.
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Factors Associated with AIDS-Related Behavioral Intentions among High School Students in an AIDS Epicenter. / Walter, Heather J.; Vaughan, Roger D.; Gladis, Madeline M.; Ragin, Deborah; Kasen, Stephanie; Cohall, Alwyn T.

In: Health Education & Behavior, Vol. 20, No. 3, 01.01.1993, p. 409-420.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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