Family policy in South Korea

Development, implementation, and evaluation

Meejung Chin, Jaerim Lee, Soyoung Lee, Seohee Son, Miai Sung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter describes the sociohistoric context of Korean families and the policymaking process of family policy in South Korea (officially the Republic of Korea, Korea hereafter). Until very recently, Korean families, influenced by Confucianism, have been the primary safety net and care providers with little or no assistance from the government. Recent demographic changes including low fertility, an increasingly aging population, a decrease in marriage, and an increase in divorce and transnational marriages have all contributed to social problems which need a more comprehensive and universal family policy. Major amendments to the marriage law in the Civil Law have eliminated a traditional patriarchal headship system of the family and provided equal opportunity for male and female household headship. This law has also been amended to require divorcing couples to have a period of consideration and to come to a financial settlement for child support. In addition, there have been significant improvements in the family-work balance policy and elderly policy. The newly legislated Framework Act on Healthy Families and the Multicultural Family Support Act provide strength-based and preventive family programs and services to families. Special services for families at risk have been expanded to include low-income families, single parents, and families who have members with special needs or who struggle with domestic violence. Based on these achievements, we can conclude that significant progress in family policy has been made during the last 10 years in Korea. Nevertheless, family policy should continue to develop and be more carefully designed and implemented to encourage men to be more engaged in family life and to shift the strong Korean work-oriented culture to a more family-oriented culture. Furthermore, an evidence-based policy should be sought to encourage positive effects and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Family Policies Across the Globe
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages305-318
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781461467717
ISBN (Print)9781461467700
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

family policy
South Korea
evaluation
Korea
marriage
act
work-family balance
family program
single parent family
Confucianism
civil law
family law
equal opportunity
Social Problems
domestic violence
population development
divorce
amendment
republic
fertility

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Asian Financial Crisis
  • Basic Old-Age Pension
  • Certified Healthy Family Specialist
  • Child care leave
  • Child care policies
  • Child care subsidy
  • Child support
  • Child-rearing allowance
  • Civil Law
  • Comprehensive family policy
  • Divorce law
  • Domestic violence
  • Elderly care
  • Elderly care services
  • Elderly policy
  • Evidence-based policy
  • Families with special needs
  • Family law
  • Family life education and counseling
  • Family policy development
  • Family policy evaluation
  • Family policy implementation
  • Family-friendly social environment
  • Family-friendly workplace
  • Family-work (balance) policy
  • Fertility
  • Flextime
  • Framework Act on Healthy Families
  • Gender equality
  • Healthy Family Support Centers
  • Healthy families
  • Korea
  • Korean families
  • Long-Term Care Insurance for Senior Citizens
  • Low-income families
  • Marriage law
  • Maternity leave
  • Ministry of Gender Equality and Family
  • Multicultural Family Support Act
  • Multicultural Family Support Centers
  • Multicultural families
  • On-site child care
  • Parental leave
  • Paternity leave
  • Policies for senior citizens
  • Reduced work schedule
  • Single-parent families
  • South Korea
  • The Republic of Korea
  • Transnational marriage
  • Universal family policy
  • Work time policies

Cite this

Chin, M., Lee, J., Lee, S., Son, S., & Sung, M. (2014). Family policy in South Korea: Development, implementation, and evaluation. In Handbook of Family Policies Across the Globe (pp. 305-318). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6771-7_20
Chin, Meejung ; Lee, Jaerim ; Lee, Soyoung ; Son, Seohee ; Sung, Miai. / Family policy in South Korea : Development, implementation, and evaluation. Handbook of Family Policies Across the Globe. Springer New York, 2014. pp. 305-318
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Chin, M, Lee, J, Lee, S, Son, S & Sung, M 2014, Family policy in South Korea: Development, implementation, and evaluation. in Handbook of Family Policies Across the Globe. Springer New York, pp. 305-318. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6771-7_20

Family policy in South Korea : Development, implementation, and evaluation. / Chin, Meejung; Lee, Jaerim; Lee, Soyoung; Son, Seohee; Sung, Miai.

Handbook of Family Policies Across the Globe. Springer New York, 2014. p. 305-318.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

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N2 - This chapter describes the sociohistoric context of Korean families and the policymaking process of family policy in South Korea (officially the Republic of Korea, Korea hereafter). Until very recently, Korean families, influenced by Confucianism, have been the primary safety net and care providers with little or no assistance from the government. Recent demographic changes including low fertility, an increasingly aging population, a decrease in marriage, and an increase in divorce and transnational marriages have all contributed to social problems which need a more comprehensive and universal family policy. Major amendments to the marriage law in the Civil Law have eliminated a traditional patriarchal headship system of the family and provided equal opportunity for male and female household headship. This law has also been amended to require divorcing couples to have a period of consideration and to come to a financial settlement for child support. In addition, there have been significant improvements in the family-work balance policy and elderly policy. The newly legislated Framework Act on Healthy Families and the Multicultural Family Support Act provide strength-based and preventive family programs and services to families. Special services for families at risk have been expanded to include low-income families, single parents, and families who have members with special needs or who struggle with domestic violence. Based on these achievements, we can conclude that significant progress in family policy has been made during the last 10 years in Korea. Nevertheless, family policy should continue to develop and be more carefully designed and implemented to encourage men to be more engaged in family life and to shift the strong Korean work-oriented culture to a more family-oriented culture. Furthermore, an evidence-based policy should be sought to encourage positive effects and outcomes.

AB - This chapter describes the sociohistoric context of Korean families and the policymaking process of family policy in South Korea (officially the Republic of Korea, Korea hereafter). Until very recently, Korean families, influenced by Confucianism, have been the primary safety net and care providers with little or no assistance from the government. Recent demographic changes including low fertility, an increasingly aging population, a decrease in marriage, and an increase in divorce and transnational marriages have all contributed to social problems which need a more comprehensive and universal family policy. Major amendments to the marriage law in the Civil Law have eliminated a traditional patriarchal headship system of the family and provided equal opportunity for male and female household headship. This law has also been amended to require divorcing couples to have a period of consideration and to come to a financial settlement for child support. In addition, there have been significant improvements in the family-work balance policy and elderly policy. The newly legislated Framework Act on Healthy Families and the Multicultural Family Support Act provide strength-based and preventive family programs and services to families. Special services for families at risk have been expanded to include low-income families, single parents, and families who have members with special needs or who struggle with domestic violence. Based on these achievements, we can conclude that significant progress in family policy has been made during the last 10 years in Korea. Nevertheless, family policy should continue to develop and be more carefully designed and implemented to encourage men to be more engaged in family life and to shift the strong Korean work-oriented culture to a more family-oriented culture. Furthermore, an evidence-based policy should be sought to encourage positive effects and outcomes.

KW - Aging

KW - Asian Financial Crisis

KW - Basic Old-Age Pension

KW - Certified Healthy Family Specialist

KW - Child care leave

KW - Child care policies

KW - Child care subsidy

KW - Child support

KW - Child-rearing allowance

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KW - Comprehensive family policy

KW - Divorce law

KW - Domestic violence

KW - Elderly care

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KW - Family policy implementation

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KW - Framework Act on Healthy Families

KW - Gender equality

KW - Healthy Family Support Centers

KW - Healthy families

KW - Korea

KW - Korean families

KW - Long-Term Care Insurance for Senior Citizens

KW - Low-income families

KW - Marriage law

KW - Maternity leave

KW - Ministry of Gender Equality and Family

KW - Multicultural Family Support Act

KW - Multicultural Family Support Centers

KW - Multicultural families

KW - On-site child care

KW - Parental leave

KW - Paternity leave

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KW - The Republic of Korea

KW - Transnational marriage

KW - Universal family policy

KW - Work time policies

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Chin M, Lee J, Lee S, Son S, Sung M. Family policy in South Korea: Development, implementation, and evaluation. In Handbook of Family Policies Across the Globe. Springer New York. 2014. p. 305-318 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6771-7_20