Ferrate(VI) Reaction with Effluent Organic Matter (EfOM) in Secondary Effluent for Water Reuse

Nanzhu Li, Yang Deng, Dibyendu Sarkar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Ferrate(VI) (Fe(VI)) has been recognized as an alternative treatment agent for water reuse. Although the studies on ferrate(VI) for wastewater treatment early began in the 1970s, the aqueous chemistry of ferrate(VI) remains undeveloped. A key challenge is to understand the interactions between Fe(VI) and effluent organic matter (EfOM) in biologically treated municipal wastewater (i.e. secondary effluent). In this study, bench-scale tests were performed to preliminarily evaluate Fe(VI) removal and transformation of EfOM in secondary effluent for water reuse. Results showed that Fe(VI) was very effective for the removal of UV254, but slightly alleviated chemical oxygen demand (COD) under the tested conditions (initial pH = 7.54; no pH adjustment; and Fe(VI) = 0.0-15.0 mg/L). Molecular weight (MW) fractionation revealed that high (> 10 k Da) and medium (10-1 k Da) MW EfOM molecules were decomposed into low MW compounds (< 1 k Da) at a low Fe(VI) dose (1.0 mg/L), causing an increased low MW fraction. As Fe(VI) dose further increased, UV254 of all the MW groups were somewhat reduced. Fe(VI) treatment exhibited a better removal performance than the control treatment with Fe(III) coagulation alone, because Fe(VI) oxidation and coagulation both potentially contributed to the EfOM removal. Particularly, Fe(VI) oxidation appeared to play a more essential role in the EfOM transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFerrites and Ferrates
Subtitle of host publicationChemistry and Applications in Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation
EditorsHyunook Kim, Rajender S. Varma, Ruey-an Doong, Ruey-an Doong, Hyunook Kim, Virender K. Sharma, Dionysios D. Dionysiou
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Pages411-420
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780841231870
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
Volume1238
ISSN (Print)0097-6156
ISSN (Electronic)1947-5918

Fingerprint

Biological materials
Effluents
Water
Molecular weight
Coagulation
Oxidation
Chemical oxygen demand
Fractionation
ferrate ion
Wastewater treatment
Wastewater
Molecules

Cite this

Li, N., Deng, Y., & Sarkar, D. (2016). Ferrate(VI) Reaction with Effluent Organic Matter (EfOM) in Secondary Effluent for Water Reuse. In H. Kim, R. S. Varma, R. Doong, R. Doong, H. Kim, V. K. Sharma, & D. D. Dionysiou (Eds.), Ferrites and Ferrates: Chemistry and Applications in Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation (pp. 411-420). (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1238). American Chemical Society. https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2016-1238.ch015
Li, Nanzhu ; Deng, Yang ; Sarkar, Dibyendu. / Ferrate(VI) Reaction with Effluent Organic Matter (EfOM) in Secondary Effluent for Water Reuse. Ferrites and Ferrates: Chemistry and Applications in Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation. editor / Hyunook Kim ; Rajender S. Varma ; Ruey-an Doong ; Ruey-an Doong ; Hyunook Kim ; Virender K. Sharma ; Dionysios D. Dionysiou. American Chemical Society, 2016. pp. 411-420 (ACS Symposium Series).
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abstract = "Ferrate(VI) (Fe(VI)) has been recognized as an alternative treatment agent for water reuse. Although the studies on ferrate(VI) for wastewater treatment early began in the 1970s, the aqueous chemistry of ferrate(VI) remains undeveloped. A key challenge is to understand the interactions between Fe(VI) and effluent organic matter (EfOM) in biologically treated municipal wastewater (i.e. secondary effluent). In this study, bench-scale tests were performed to preliminarily evaluate Fe(VI) removal and transformation of EfOM in secondary effluent for water reuse. Results showed that Fe(VI) was very effective for the removal of UV254, but slightly alleviated chemical oxygen demand (COD) under the tested conditions (initial pH = 7.54; no pH adjustment; and Fe(VI) = 0.0-15.0 mg/L). Molecular weight (MW) fractionation revealed that high (> 10 k Da) and medium (10-1 k Da) MW EfOM molecules were decomposed into low MW compounds (< 1 k Da) at a low Fe(VI) dose (1.0 mg/L), causing an increased low MW fraction. As Fe(VI) dose further increased, UV254 of all the MW groups were somewhat reduced. Fe(VI) treatment exhibited a better removal performance than the control treatment with Fe(III) coagulation alone, because Fe(VI) oxidation and coagulation both potentially contributed to the EfOM removal. Particularly, Fe(VI) oxidation appeared to play a more essential role in the EfOM transformation.",
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Li, N, Deng, Y & Sarkar, D 2016, Ferrate(VI) Reaction with Effluent Organic Matter (EfOM) in Secondary Effluent for Water Reuse. in H Kim, RS Varma, R Doong, R Doong, H Kim, VK Sharma & DD Dionysiou (eds), Ferrites and Ferrates: Chemistry and Applications in Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation. ACS Symposium Series, vol. 1238, American Chemical Society, pp. 411-420. https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2016-1238.ch015

Ferrate(VI) Reaction with Effluent Organic Matter (EfOM) in Secondary Effluent for Water Reuse. / Li, Nanzhu; Deng, Yang; Sarkar, Dibyendu.

Ferrites and Ferrates: Chemistry and Applications in Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation. ed. / Hyunook Kim; Rajender S. Varma; Ruey-an Doong; Ruey-an Doong; Hyunook Kim; Virender K. Sharma; Dionysios D. Dionysiou. American Chemical Society, 2016. p. 411-420 (ACS Symposium Series; Vol. 1238).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Ferrate(VI) Reaction with Effluent Organic Matter (EfOM) in Secondary Effluent for Water Reuse

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AU - Deng, Yang

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N2 - Ferrate(VI) (Fe(VI)) has been recognized as an alternative treatment agent for water reuse. Although the studies on ferrate(VI) for wastewater treatment early began in the 1970s, the aqueous chemistry of ferrate(VI) remains undeveloped. A key challenge is to understand the interactions between Fe(VI) and effluent organic matter (EfOM) in biologically treated municipal wastewater (i.e. secondary effluent). In this study, bench-scale tests were performed to preliminarily evaluate Fe(VI) removal and transformation of EfOM in secondary effluent for water reuse. Results showed that Fe(VI) was very effective for the removal of UV254, but slightly alleviated chemical oxygen demand (COD) under the tested conditions (initial pH = 7.54; no pH adjustment; and Fe(VI) = 0.0-15.0 mg/L). Molecular weight (MW) fractionation revealed that high (> 10 k Da) and medium (10-1 k Da) MW EfOM molecules were decomposed into low MW compounds (< 1 k Da) at a low Fe(VI) dose (1.0 mg/L), causing an increased low MW fraction. As Fe(VI) dose further increased, UV254 of all the MW groups were somewhat reduced. Fe(VI) treatment exhibited a better removal performance than the control treatment with Fe(III) coagulation alone, because Fe(VI) oxidation and coagulation both potentially contributed to the EfOM removal. Particularly, Fe(VI) oxidation appeared to play a more essential role in the EfOM transformation.

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Li N, Deng Y, Sarkar D. Ferrate(VI) Reaction with Effluent Organic Matter (EfOM) in Secondary Effluent for Water Reuse. In Kim H, Varma RS, Doong R, Doong R, Kim H, Sharma VK, Dionysiou DD, editors, Ferrites and Ferrates: Chemistry and Applications in Sustainable Energy and Environmental Remediation. American Chemical Society. 2016. p. 411-420. (ACS Symposium Series). https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2016-1238.ch015