Financial Stress, Parental Depressive Symptoms, Parenting Practices, and Children's Externalizing Problem Behaviors: Underlying Processes

Chih Yuan Steven Lee, Jaerim Lee, Gerald J. August

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the relationships among financial stress encountered by families, parents' social support, parental depressive symptoms, parenting practices, and children's externalizing problem behaviors to advance our understanding of the processes by which family financial stress is associated with children's problem behaviors. We also tested moderated mediation to investigate if these relationships differed depending on children's characteristics. The data were drawn from 290 predominantly rural families with young children who were identified as at risk for the development of serious conduct problems. Using structural equation modeling, we found that the relationship between family income and children's externalizing problem behaviors was mediated by parents' social support, parental depressive symptoms, and parenting practices. The results also showed that the children's levels of aggression severity, academic functioning, and developmental strengths moderated the mediating relationships between family income and parental depressive symptoms and between family income and positive parenting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-490
Number of pages15
JournalFamily Relations
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Externalizing problem behaviors
  • Family income
  • Moderated mediation
  • Parental depressive symptoms
  • Parenting practices
  • Social support

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