First Optimization of Novel, Potent, Selective PDE11A4 Inhibitors for Age-Related Cognitive Decline

Shams ul Mahmood, Mariana Lozano Gonzalez, Sreedhar Tummalapalli, Jeremy Eberhard, Judy Ly, Charles S. Hoffman, Michy P. Kelly, John Gordon, Dennis Colussi, Wayne Childers, David P. Rotella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Phosphodiesterase 11A4 (PDE11A4) is a dual-acting cyclic nucleotide hydrolase expressed in neurons in the CA1, subiculum, amygdalostriatal transition area and amygdalohippocampal area of the extended hippocampal formation. PDE11A4 is the only PDE enzyme to emanate solely from hippocampal formation, a key brain region for the formation of long-term memory. PDE11A4 expression increases in the hippocampal formation of both humans and rodents as they age. Interestingly, PDE11A knockout mice do not show age-related deficits in associative memory and show no gross histopathology. This suggests that inhibition of PDE11A4 might serve as a therapeutic option for age-related cognitive decline. A novel, yeast-based high throughput screen previously identified moderately potent, selective PDE11A4 inhibitors, and this work describes initial efforts that improved potency more than 10-fold and improved some pharmaceutical properties of one of these scaffolds, leading to selective, cell-penetrant PDE11A4 inhibitors, one of which is 10-fold more potent compared to tadalafil in cell-based activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14597-14608
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number21
StatePublished - 9 Nov 2023


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