Five perspectives on the leadership-management relationship: A competency-based evaluation and integration

Daniel V. Simonet, Robert P. Tett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations


How management and leadership are best conceptualized with respect to each other has been a frequent topic of debate. Five distinct perspectives are identified in the literature, including bipolar, unidimensional, bidimensional, hierarchical-management within leadership, and hierarchical-leadership within management. We assessed the viability of these perspectives by having Academy of Management and Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology experts (N = 43) map a comprehensive set of 63 managerial and leadership competencies, as a "common language," onto defined and undefined management and leadership dimensions. Results reveal interpretable patterns of uniqueness and overlap, suggesting a hybrid co-dimensional/bidimensional configuration. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed in light of the precedence of "what" over "how" in developing leadership and management theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-213
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Leadership and Organizational Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013



  • Competencies
  • Debate
  • Differences
  • Integration
  • Leadership
  • Leadership versus management
  • Management

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