Food selection changes under stress

Debra Zellner, Susan Loaiza, Zuleyma Gonzalez, Jaclyn Pita, Janira Morales, Deanna Pecora, Amanda Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

271 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two studies investigate the effect of stress on food choice. Experiment 1 demonstrates experimentally that stress causes changes in food choice away from healthy low fat foods (grapes) to less healthy high fat foods (M&Ms), confirming previous survey research. Experiment 2, a survey study, finds that more females than males report increasing food consumption when stressed. A much larger percentage of those who report increasing their food consumption when stressed (71%) are restrained eaters (i.e., dieters) than are people who undereat or who do not change the amount they eat when stressed (35%). The foods that they report overeating when stressed are foods they normally avoid for weight-loss or health reasons (i.e., highly caloric high fat snack foods). They report eating these foods to feel better. Both studies show that stress not only increases consumption in certain individuals but also shifts their food choice from lower fat to higher fat foods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-793
Number of pages5
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume87
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2006

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Food Preferences
Food
Fats
Hyperphagia
Snacks
Vitis
Weight Loss
Eating

Keywords

  • Food choice
  • Food selection
  • Stress
  • Stress-induced eating

Cite this

Zellner, D., Loaiza, S., Gonzalez, Z., Pita, J., Morales, J., Pecora, D., & Wolf, A. (2006). Food selection changes under stress. Physiology and Behavior, 87(4), 789-793. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2006.01.014
Zellner, Debra ; Loaiza, Susan ; Gonzalez, Zuleyma ; Pita, Jaclyn ; Morales, Janira ; Pecora, Deanna ; Wolf, Amanda. / Food selection changes under stress. In: Physiology and Behavior. 2006 ; Vol. 87, No. 4. pp. 789-793.
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Zellner, D, Loaiza, S, Gonzalez, Z, Pita, J, Morales, J, Pecora, D & Wolf, A 2006, 'Food selection changes under stress', Physiology and Behavior, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 789-793. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2006.01.014

Food selection changes under stress. / Zellner, Debra; Loaiza, Susan; Gonzalez, Zuleyma; Pita, Jaclyn; Morales, Janira; Pecora, Deanna; Wolf, Amanda.

In: Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 87, No. 4, 15.04.2006, p. 789-793.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Zellner D, Loaiza S, Gonzalez Z, Pita J, Morales J, Pecora D et al. Food selection changes under stress. Physiology and Behavior. 2006 Apr 15;87(4):789-793. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2006.01.014