Functioning patterns among older adolescents in foster care: Results from a cluster analysis

Svetlana Shpiegel, Kerrie Ocasio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Older adolescents in foster care represent a heterogeneous population, though such heterogeneity is often underemphasized in research and practice. This study employed a cluster analysis to identify subpopulations in a large, national sample of 17-year-old youth based on the following indicators: educational attainment, connection to a supportive adult, adolescent parenthood, homelessness, substance abuse referral and incarceration. Data from the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD) and Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) were used in the analysis. Results revealed five subpopulations defined by specific strengths, vulnerabilities and child welfare experiences. The largest group identified (39%) functioned successfully in all domains, whereas an additional group (15%) exhibited consistent maladaptation. The remaining groups evidenced variable adaptation patterns, with strengths in some domains and challenges in others. Entry to foster care for reasons other than child's problem behaviors, and placement in stable, family-based settings were associated with belonging to the most adaptive group. Findings emphasize heterogeneity among older adolescents in foster care, and call for better design and targeting of child welfare services and programs as appropriate to the needs of specific subgroups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-235
Number of pages9
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume58
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2015

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cluster analysis
Cluster Analysis
adolescent
child welfare
Child Welfare
Group
reporting system
parenthood
homelessness
Homeless Persons
substance abuse
Child Behavior
Population Characteristics
vulnerability
Substance-Related Disorders
Referral and Consultation
Databases
experience
Research

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Aging-out
  • Cluster analysis
  • Foster care
  • National Youth in Transition Database

Cite this

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title = "Functioning patterns among older adolescents in foster care: Results from a cluster analysis",
abstract = "Older adolescents in foster care represent a heterogeneous population, though such heterogeneity is often underemphasized in research and practice. This study employed a cluster analysis to identify subpopulations in a large, national sample of 17-year-old youth based on the following indicators: educational attainment, connection to a supportive adult, adolescent parenthood, homelessness, substance abuse referral and incarceration. Data from the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD) and Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) were used in the analysis. Results revealed five subpopulations defined by specific strengths, vulnerabilities and child welfare experiences. The largest group identified (39{\%}) functioned successfully in all domains, whereas an additional group (15{\%}) exhibited consistent maladaptation. The remaining groups evidenced variable adaptation patterns, with strengths in some domains and challenges in others. Entry to foster care for reasons other than child's problem behaviors, and placement in stable, family-based settings were associated with belonging to the most adaptive group. Findings emphasize heterogeneity among older adolescents in foster care, and call for better design and targeting of child welfare services and programs as appropriate to the needs of specific subgroups.",
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Functioning patterns among older adolescents in foster care : Results from a cluster analysis. / Shpiegel, Svetlana; Ocasio, Kerrie.

In: Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 58, 01.11.2015, p. 227-235.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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