Gender-based perceptions of the 2001 anthrax attacks: Implications for outreach and preparedness

Christopher Salvatore, Brian J. Gorman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Extensive research dealing with gender-based perceptions of fear of crime has generally found that women express greater levels of fear compared to men. Further, studies have found that women engage in more self-protective behaviors in response to fear of crime, as well as have different levels of confidence in government efficacy relative to men. The majority of these studies have focused on violent and property crime; little research has focused on gender-based perceptions of the threat of bioterrorism. Using data from a national survey conducted by ABC News/Washington Post, this study contrasted perceptions of safety and fear in response to anthrax attacks among male and female respondents. Results indicated some gender differences in perceptions and responses to possible anthrax exposure, although not all achieved statistical significance. Results are discussed in relation to their implications for criminological theory, security and bioterrorism preparedness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-420
Number of pages22
JournalSecurity Journal
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Crime
Bioterrorism
anxiety
gender
offense
statistical significance
gender-specific factors
news
confidence
threat
Attack
Outreach
Preparedness
Fear of crime

Keywords

  • Anthrax
  • Bioterrorism
  • Fear of crime
  • Gender
  • Terrorism

Cite this

@article{06ba76e20a3c44a2b5f0e188f757040d,
title = "Gender-based perceptions of the 2001 anthrax attacks: Implications for outreach and preparedness",
abstract = "Extensive research dealing with gender-based perceptions of fear of crime has generally found that women express greater levels of fear compared to men. Further, studies have found that women engage in more self-protective behaviors in response to fear of crime, as well as have different levels of confidence in government efficacy relative to men. The majority of these studies have focused on violent and property crime; little research has focused on gender-based perceptions of the threat of bioterrorism. Using data from a national survey conducted by ABC News/Washington Post, this study contrasted perceptions of safety and fear in response to anthrax attacks among male and female respondents. Results indicated some gender differences in perceptions and responses to possible anthrax exposure, although not all achieved statistical significance. Results are discussed in relation to their implications for criminological theory, security and bioterrorism preparedness.",
keywords = "Anthrax, Bioterrorism, Fear of crime, Gender, Terrorism",
author = "Christopher Salvatore and Gorman, {Brian J.}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1057/sj.2012.36",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "399--420",
journal = "Security Journal",
issn = "0955-1662",
publisher = "Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

Gender-based perceptions of the 2001 anthrax attacks : Implications for outreach and preparedness. / Salvatore, Christopher; Gorman, Brian J.

In: Security Journal, Vol. 27, No. 4, 01.01.2014, p. 399-420.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender-based perceptions of the 2001 anthrax attacks

T2 - Implications for outreach and preparedness

AU - Salvatore, Christopher

AU - Gorman, Brian J.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Extensive research dealing with gender-based perceptions of fear of crime has generally found that women express greater levels of fear compared to men. Further, studies have found that women engage in more self-protective behaviors in response to fear of crime, as well as have different levels of confidence in government efficacy relative to men. The majority of these studies have focused on violent and property crime; little research has focused on gender-based perceptions of the threat of bioterrorism. Using data from a national survey conducted by ABC News/Washington Post, this study contrasted perceptions of safety and fear in response to anthrax attacks among male and female respondents. Results indicated some gender differences in perceptions and responses to possible anthrax exposure, although not all achieved statistical significance. Results are discussed in relation to their implications for criminological theory, security and bioterrorism preparedness.

AB - Extensive research dealing with gender-based perceptions of fear of crime has generally found that women express greater levels of fear compared to men. Further, studies have found that women engage in more self-protective behaviors in response to fear of crime, as well as have different levels of confidence in government efficacy relative to men. The majority of these studies have focused on violent and property crime; little research has focused on gender-based perceptions of the threat of bioterrorism. Using data from a national survey conducted by ABC News/Washington Post, this study contrasted perceptions of safety and fear in response to anthrax attacks among male and female respondents. Results indicated some gender differences in perceptions and responses to possible anthrax exposure, although not all achieved statistical significance. Results are discussed in relation to their implications for criminological theory, security and bioterrorism preparedness.

KW - Anthrax

KW - Bioterrorism

KW - Fear of crime

KW - Gender

KW - Terrorism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84961291534&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1057/sj.2012.36

DO - 10.1057/sj.2012.36

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84961291534

VL - 27

SP - 399

EP - 420

JO - Security Journal

JF - Security Journal

SN - 0955-1662

IS - 4

ER -