Gender self-confidence and social influence: Impact on working alliance

Ruthann Smith Anderson, Dana Heller Levitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The authors investigated the relationships between the counselor's gender self-confidence, the counselor's use of social influence within the counseling session, and the counselor's sex in relation to the counseling relationship. These attributes were studied with regard to how deeply a therapeutic working alliance developed between the counselor and the client. Results support the importance of counselor characteristics on the counselor-client alliance. Implications for teaching, research, and practice are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-288
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Counseling and Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2015


  • counselor characteristics
  • gender
  • sex
  • social influence
  • working alliance


Dive into the research topics of 'Gender self-confidence and social influence: Impact on working alliance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this