Generalizing the Alcohol Outlet-Assaultive Violence Link: Evidence from a U.S. Midwestern City

Robert J. Reid, Joseph Hughey, N. Andrew Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study assessed the geographic association between rates of assaultive violence and alcohol-outlet density in Kansas City, Missouri. Data were obtained for sociodemographic factors, alcohol-outlet density, and rates of assaultive violence across 89 inner-city census tracts in Kansas City, Missouri. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that sociodemographic variables predicted 61% (R2=0.61) of the variance in assaultive violence, but that an additional 9% (R2=0.09) of the variability in assaultive violence was explained by the density of alcohol outlets. Alcohol-outlet density contributed significantly to the explained variance of the regression model and was associated with higher rates of assaultive violence in this midwestern city.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1971-1982
Number of pages12
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume38
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Dec 2003

Keywords

  • Alcohol availability carrying capacity
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Alcohol-outlet density
  • Assaultive violence

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