Habitat fragmentation reduces occupancy of nest boxes by an open-country raptor

Jessi L. Brown, Michael W. Collopy, John Smallwood

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the recent rapid decline of many grassland bird species, the relative importance of habitat configuration to population persistence is unclear. We used Southeastern American Kestrels Falco sparverius paulus in north-central Florida as a model system to explore the relative influence of landscape structure components on site occupancy patterns at two spatial scales, and for two different time periods. We focused on the dynamic processes of site-level population expansion or contraction. We modelled the occupancy of 131 American Kestrel nest boxes with Bayesian state-space dynamic occupancy models that considered both the partially observed process of true occupancy and the probability of detection of occupancy. We used reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo (RJMCMC) algorithms to identify variables that described the continued occupancy of nest boxes, or φ, and the probability of colonisation of nest boxes between time periods, or γ3. Changes in open habitat patch isolation at a fine scale, as estimated by the variability of nearest neighbour distance, predicted site colonisation between decades, and patch shape variability was related to φ during the early time period (1992-93). We found no strong effects of landscape structure on φ during the later time period (2008-2010). We also found no evidence for effects of loss of open habitat on box occupancy or colonization. Our results indicate that continued habitat fragmentation would be deleterious for this threatened subspecies. Additionally, certain land cover management practices recommended for the Florida sandhills, such as frequent low-intensity controlled burns, will likely help conservation attempts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-378
Number of pages15
JournalBird Conservation International
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Sep 2014

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Falco sparverius
nest box
raptor
nest boxes
habitat fragmentation
birds of prey
colonization
landscape structure
habitats
habitat
land cover
dynamic models
Markov chain
grasslands
contraction
subspecies
management practice
persistence
birds
grassland

Cite this

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title = "Habitat fragmentation reduces occupancy of nest boxes by an open-country raptor",
abstract = "Despite the recent rapid decline of many grassland bird species, the relative importance of habitat configuration to population persistence is unclear. We used Southeastern American Kestrels Falco sparverius paulus in north-central Florida as a model system to explore the relative influence of landscape structure components on site occupancy patterns at two spatial scales, and for two different time periods. We focused on the dynamic processes of site-level population expansion or contraction. We modelled the occupancy of 131 American Kestrel nest boxes with Bayesian state-space dynamic occupancy models that considered both the partially observed process of true occupancy and the probability of detection of occupancy. We used reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo (RJMCMC) algorithms to identify variables that described the continued occupancy of nest boxes, or φ, and the probability of colonisation of nest boxes between time periods, or γ3. Changes in open habitat patch isolation at a fine scale, as estimated by the variability of nearest neighbour distance, predicted site colonisation between decades, and patch shape variability was related to φ during the early time period (1992-93). We found no strong effects of landscape structure on φ during the later time period (2008-2010). We also found no evidence for effects of loss of open habitat on box occupancy or colonization. Our results indicate that continued habitat fragmentation would be deleterious for this threatened subspecies. Additionally, certain land cover management practices recommended for the Florida sandhills, such as frequent low-intensity controlled burns, will likely help conservation attempts.",
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Habitat fragmentation reduces occupancy of nest boxes by an open-country raptor. / Brown, Jessi L.; Collopy, Michael W.; Smallwood, John.

In: Bird Conservation International, Vol. 24, No. 3, 17.09.2014, p. 364-378.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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