Heavy metal contamination in western Xiamen Bay sediments and its vicinity, China

Luoping Zhang, Xin Ye, Huan Feng, Youhai Jing, Tong Ouyang, Xingtian Yu, Rongyuan Liang, Chengtie Gao, Weiqi Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

292 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concentrations of selected heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Ni and Fe) in surface sediments from nine sites in western Xiamen Bay and its vicinity were studied in order to understand current metal contamination due to urbanization and economic development in Xiamen, China. The sediment samples were collected in December 2004 and July 2005 respectively in order to examine temporal variations. In this study, we found that heavy metal concentrations in surface sediments sampled in the western Xiamen Bay and adjacent Maluan Bay and Yuandang Lagoon varied from 19 to 97 mg kg-1 for Cu, 45 to 60 mg kg-1 for Pb, 65 to 223 mg kg-1 for Zn, 0.11 to 1.01 mg kg-1 for Cd, 37 to 134 mg kg-1 for Cr, 25 to 65 mg kg-1 for Ni and 3.08 to 4.81% for Fe. Although all metal concentrations in sediments meets Chinese National Standard Criteria for Marine Sediment Quality, both metal enrichment factors (EF) and geoaccumulation index (Igeo) show that Pb contamination exists in the entire study area and contamination of other metals are also present in some locations depending on the sources, of which sewage outlets and commercial ports are the main sources of contaminants to the area. This study shows that using the sediment quality standard criteria only to assess sediments cannot properly reflect sediment contamination. A multiple approaches should be applied for the sediment quality assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)974-982
Number of pages9
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume54
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2007

Fingerprint

Heavy metals
Sediments
heavy metals
Contamination
heavy metal
sediments
China
sediment
metals
metal
Metals
sediment contamination
geoaccumulation index
marine sediments
contamination
economic development
sewage
urbanization
temporal variation
Sewage

Keywords

  • Contamination
  • Heavy metals
  • Sediment
  • Sediment quality criteria
  • Sewage sludge
  • Xiamen Bay

Cite this

Zhang, Luoping ; Ye, Xin ; Feng, Huan ; Jing, Youhai ; Ouyang, Tong ; Yu, Xingtian ; Liang, Rongyuan ; Gao, Chengtie ; Chen, Weiqi. / Heavy metal contamination in western Xiamen Bay sediments and its vicinity, China. In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2007 ; Vol. 54, No. 7. pp. 974-982.
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abstract = "Concentrations of selected heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Ni and Fe) in surface sediments from nine sites in western Xiamen Bay and its vicinity were studied in order to understand current metal contamination due to urbanization and economic development in Xiamen, China. The sediment samples were collected in December 2004 and July 2005 respectively in order to examine temporal variations. In this study, we found that heavy metal concentrations in surface sediments sampled in the western Xiamen Bay and adjacent Maluan Bay and Yuandang Lagoon varied from 19 to 97 mg kg-1 for Cu, 45 to 60 mg kg-1 for Pb, 65 to 223 mg kg-1 for Zn, 0.11 to 1.01 mg kg-1 for Cd, 37 to 134 mg kg-1 for Cr, 25 to 65 mg kg-1 for Ni and 3.08 to 4.81{\%} for Fe. Although all metal concentrations in sediments meets Chinese National Standard Criteria for Marine Sediment Quality, both metal enrichment factors (EF) and geoaccumulation index (Igeo) show that Pb contamination exists in the entire study area and contamination of other metals are also present in some locations depending on the sources, of which sewage outlets and commercial ports are the main sources of contaminants to the area. This study shows that using the sediment quality standard criteria only to assess sediments cannot properly reflect sediment contamination. A multiple approaches should be applied for the sediment quality assessment.",
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Zhang, L, Ye, X, Feng, H, Jing, Y, Ouyang, T, Yu, X, Liang, R, Gao, C & Chen, W 2007, 'Heavy metal contamination in western Xiamen Bay sediments and its vicinity, China', Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 974-982. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2007.02.010

Heavy metal contamination in western Xiamen Bay sediments and its vicinity, China. / Zhang, Luoping; Ye, Xin; Feng, Huan; Jing, Youhai; Ouyang, Tong; Yu, Xingtian; Liang, Rongyuan; Gao, Chengtie; Chen, Weiqi.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 54, No. 7, 01.07.2007, p. 974-982.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Heavy metal contamination in western Xiamen Bay sediments and its vicinity, China

AU - Zhang, Luoping

AU - Ye, Xin

AU - Feng, Huan

AU - Jing, Youhai

AU - Ouyang, Tong

AU - Yu, Xingtian

AU - Liang, Rongyuan

AU - Gao, Chengtie

AU - Chen, Weiqi

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AB - Concentrations of selected heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Ni and Fe) in surface sediments from nine sites in western Xiamen Bay and its vicinity were studied in order to understand current metal contamination due to urbanization and economic development in Xiamen, China. The sediment samples were collected in December 2004 and July 2005 respectively in order to examine temporal variations. In this study, we found that heavy metal concentrations in surface sediments sampled in the western Xiamen Bay and adjacent Maluan Bay and Yuandang Lagoon varied from 19 to 97 mg kg-1 for Cu, 45 to 60 mg kg-1 for Pb, 65 to 223 mg kg-1 for Zn, 0.11 to 1.01 mg kg-1 for Cd, 37 to 134 mg kg-1 for Cr, 25 to 65 mg kg-1 for Ni and 3.08 to 4.81% for Fe. Although all metal concentrations in sediments meets Chinese National Standard Criteria for Marine Sediment Quality, both metal enrichment factors (EF) and geoaccumulation index (Igeo) show that Pb contamination exists in the entire study area and contamination of other metals are also present in some locations depending on the sources, of which sewage outlets and commercial ports are the main sources of contaminants to the area. This study shows that using the sediment quality standard criteria only to assess sediments cannot properly reflect sediment contamination. A multiple approaches should be applied for the sediment quality assessment.

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KW - Sediment

KW - Sediment quality criteria

KW - Sewage sludge

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