High-field magnetic susceptibility (χHF) as a proxy of biogenic sedimentation along the Antarctic Peninsula

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Abstract

High-field mass-normalized magnetic susceptibility (χHF) is presented as a proxy for biogenic sedimentation in glacimarine sediment from the western Antarctic Peninsula. χHF is measured at field strengths that exceed the saturation field of ferrimagnetic minerals. These measurement conditions exclude the contributions of ferrimagnetic iron oxides that dominate low-field volume-normalized susceptibility (k) measurements. Therefore, χHF allows for closer examination of paramagnetic and diamagnetic minerals, the latter of which includes biogenic silica and biogenic calcite. In sedimentary sequences from the western Antarctic Peninsula, the main processes affecting the abundance of diamagnetic material in sediment is biological productivity and the subsequent flux of biogenic silica to the seafloor. χHF profiles were measured on two biosiliceous sediment cores from the western Antarctic Peninsula. Comparisons with quantitative biogenic silica measurements indicate that χHF tracks % opaline silica very well, and reveals the presence of century-scale cycles in sediment composition in intervals where k appears featureless. χHF is limited as a quantitative measure of biogenic sediment flux, since terrigenous paramagnetic and diamagnetic minerals also contribute to the measurement. The interpretation of χHF can also be complicated by the presence of unsaturated high-coercivity minerals such as hematite and goethite, or by the presence of ultra-fine superparamagnetic (SP) particles. However, in sediment sequences where the condition of saturation is met, χHF is very well suited for the rapid identification of temporal trends in biogenic sedimentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-282
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume156
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Jul 2006

Fingerprint

peninsulas
magnetic susceptibility
sediments
silica
sedimentation
magnetic permeability
mineral
minerals
sediment
silicon dioxide
saturation
biogenic deposit
goethite
sedimentary sequence
iron oxide
hematite
sediment core
calcite
seafloor
productivity

Keywords

  • Antarctic Peninsula
  • Gerlache Strait
  • High-field magnetic susceptibility
  • Magnetic susceptibility
  • Palmer Deep
  • Rock-magnetism

Cite this

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title = "High-field magnetic susceptibility (χHF) as a proxy of biogenic sedimentation along the Antarctic Peninsula",
abstract = "High-field mass-normalized magnetic susceptibility (χHF) is presented as a proxy for biogenic sedimentation in glacimarine sediment from the western Antarctic Peninsula. χHF is measured at field strengths that exceed the saturation field of ferrimagnetic minerals. These measurement conditions exclude the contributions of ferrimagnetic iron oxides that dominate low-field volume-normalized susceptibility (k) measurements. Therefore, χHF allows for closer examination of paramagnetic and diamagnetic minerals, the latter of which includes biogenic silica and biogenic calcite. In sedimentary sequences from the western Antarctic Peninsula, the main processes affecting the abundance of diamagnetic material in sediment is biological productivity and the subsequent flux of biogenic silica to the seafloor. χHF profiles were measured on two biosiliceous sediment cores from the western Antarctic Peninsula. Comparisons with quantitative biogenic silica measurements indicate that χHF tracks {\%} opaline silica very well, and reveals the presence of century-scale cycles in sediment composition in intervals where k appears featureless. χHF is limited as a quantitative measure of biogenic sediment flux, since terrigenous paramagnetic and diamagnetic minerals also contribute to the measurement. The interpretation of χHF can also be complicated by the presence of unsaturated high-coercivity minerals such as hematite and goethite, or by the presence of ultra-fine superparamagnetic (SP) particles. However, in sediment sequences where the condition of saturation is met, χHF is very well suited for the rapid identification of temporal trends in biogenic sedimentation.",
keywords = "Antarctic Peninsula, Gerlache Strait, High-field magnetic susceptibility, Magnetic susceptibility, Palmer Deep, Rock-magnetism",
author = "Stefanie Brachfeld",
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N2 - High-field mass-normalized magnetic susceptibility (χHF) is presented as a proxy for biogenic sedimentation in glacimarine sediment from the western Antarctic Peninsula. χHF is measured at field strengths that exceed the saturation field of ferrimagnetic minerals. These measurement conditions exclude the contributions of ferrimagnetic iron oxides that dominate low-field volume-normalized susceptibility (k) measurements. Therefore, χHF allows for closer examination of paramagnetic and diamagnetic minerals, the latter of which includes biogenic silica and biogenic calcite. In sedimentary sequences from the western Antarctic Peninsula, the main processes affecting the abundance of diamagnetic material in sediment is biological productivity and the subsequent flux of biogenic silica to the seafloor. χHF profiles were measured on two biosiliceous sediment cores from the western Antarctic Peninsula. Comparisons with quantitative biogenic silica measurements indicate that χHF tracks % opaline silica very well, and reveals the presence of century-scale cycles in sediment composition in intervals where k appears featureless. χHF is limited as a quantitative measure of biogenic sediment flux, since terrigenous paramagnetic and diamagnetic minerals also contribute to the measurement. The interpretation of χHF can also be complicated by the presence of unsaturated high-coercivity minerals such as hematite and goethite, or by the presence of ultra-fine superparamagnetic (SP) particles. However, in sediment sequences where the condition of saturation is met, χHF is very well suited for the rapid identification of temporal trends in biogenic sedimentation.

AB - High-field mass-normalized magnetic susceptibility (χHF) is presented as a proxy for biogenic sedimentation in glacimarine sediment from the western Antarctic Peninsula. χHF is measured at field strengths that exceed the saturation field of ferrimagnetic minerals. These measurement conditions exclude the contributions of ferrimagnetic iron oxides that dominate low-field volume-normalized susceptibility (k) measurements. Therefore, χHF allows for closer examination of paramagnetic and diamagnetic minerals, the latter of which includes biogenic silica and biogenic calcite. In sedimentary sequences from the western Antarctic Peninsula, the main processes affecting the abundance of diamagnetic material in sediment is biological productivity and the subsequent flux of biogenic silica to the seafloor. χHF profiles were measured on two biosiliceous sediment cores from the western Antarctic Peninsula. Comparisons with quantitative biogenic silica measurements indicate that χHF tracks % opaline silica very well, and reveals the presence of century-scale cycles in sediment composition in intervals where k appears featureless. χHF is limited as a quantitative measure of biogenic sediment flux, since terrigenous paramagnetic and diamagnetic minerals also contribute to the measurement. The interpretation of χHF can also be complicated by the presence of unsaturated high-coercivity minerals such as hematite and goethite, or by the presence of ultra-fine superparamagnetic (SP) particles. However, in sediment sequences where the condition of saturation is met, χHF is very well suited for the rapid identification of temporal trends in biogenic sedimentation.

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