How children talk about events: Implications for eliciting and analyzing eyewitness reports

Sonja P. Brubacher, Carole Peterson, David La Rooy, Jason Dickinson, Debra Ann Poole

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Legal and social service professionals often question whether various features of young witnesses’ responses during interviews are characteristic of children's event reports or whether these features are concerning findings that reflect degraded memory, outside influence, or other phenomena. To assist helping professionals and researchers who collect data through interviews, we aggregated findings from child eyewitness studies and revisited transcript sets to construct fifteen principles that capture how children talk about events. These principles address children's earliest event narratives, how children report information as interviews unfold and typical features of their narratives, threats to the accuracy of answers, the influence of interviewers’ language on children's styles of reporting, how testimonies compare across multiple interviews and multiple witnesses to the same event, and the structure of accurate and inaccurate reports. A summary table highlights the implications of these principles for interviewers and the decision-makers who analyze children's reports.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-89
Number of pages20
JournalDevelopmental Review
Volume51
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Interviews
event
interview
witness
Child Language
narrative
Social Work
testimony
mobile social services
decision maker
Research Personnel
threat
language

Keywords

  • Children
  • Event reports
  • Eyewitness memory
  • Narrative structure

Cite this

Brubacher, Sonja P. ; Peterson, Carole ; La Rooy, David ; Dickinson, Jason ; Poole, Debra Ann. / How children talk about events : Implications for eliciting and analyzing eyewitness reports. In: Developmental Review. 2019 ; Vol. 51. pp. 70-89.
@article{b95d31f49a064df8ba89f48dca66bafa,
title = "How children talk about events: Implications for eliciting and analyzing eyewitness reports",
abstract = "Legal and social service professionals often question whether various features of young witnesses’ responses during interviews are characteristic of children's event reports or whether these features are concerning findings that reflect degraded memory, outside influence, or other phenomena. To assist helping professionals and researchers who collect data through interviews, we aggregated findings from child eyewitness studies and revisited transcript sets to construct fifteen principles that capture how children talk about events. These principles address children's earliest event narratives, how children report information as interviews unfold and typical features of their narratives, threats to the accuracy of answers, the influence of interviewers’ language on children's styles of reporting, how testimonies compare across multiple interviews and multiple witnesses to the same event, and the structure of accurate and inaccurate reports. A summary table highlights the implications of these principles for interviewers and the decision-makers who analyze children's reports.",
keywords = "Children, Event reports, Eyewitness memory, Narrative structure",
author = "Brubacher, {Sonja P.} and Carole Peterson and {La Rooy}, David and Jason Dickinson and Poole, {Debra Ann}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.dr.2018.12.003",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "70--89",
journal = "Developmental Review",
issn = "0273-2297",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",

}

How children talk about events : Implications for eliciting and analyzing eyewitness reports. / Brubacher, Sonja P.; Peterson, Carole; La Rooy, David; Dickinson, Jason; Poole, Debra Ann.

In: Developmental Review, Vol. 51, 01.03.2019, p. 70-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - How children talk about events

T2 - Implications for eliciting and analyzing eyewitness reports

AU - Brubacher, Sonja P.

AU - Peterson, Carole

AU - La Rooy, David

AU - Dickinson, Jason

AU - Poole, Debra Ann

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Legal and social service professionals often question whether various features of young witnesses’ responses during interviews are characteristic of children's event reports or whether these features are concerning findings that reflect degraded memory, outside influence, or other phenomena. To assist helping professionals and researchers who collect data through interviews, we aggregated findings from child eyewitness studies and revisited transcript sets to construct fifteen principles that capture how children talk about events. These principles address children's earliest event narratives, how children report information as interviews unfold and typical features of their narratives, threats to the accuracy of answers, the influence of interviewers’ language on children's styles of reporting, how testimonies compare across multiple interviews and multiple witnesses to the same event, and the structure of accurate and inaccurate reports. A summary table highlights the implications of these principles for interviewers and the decision-makers who analyze children's reports.

AB - Legal and social service professionals often question whether various features of young witnesses’ responses during interviews are characteristic of children's event reports or whether these features are concerning findings that reflect degraded memory, outside influence, or other phenomena. To assist helping professionals and researchers who collect data through interviews, we aggregated findings from child eyewitness studies and revisited transcript sets to construct fifteen principles that capture how children talk about events. These principles address children's earliest event narratives, how children report information as interviews unfold and typical features of their narratives, threats to the accuracy of answers, the influence of interviewers’ language on children's styles of reporting, how testimonies compare across multiple interviews and multiple witnesses to the same event, and the structure of accurate and inaccurate reports. A summary table highlights the implications of these principles for interviewers and the decision-makers who analyze children's reports.

KW - Children

KW - Event reports

KW - Eyewitness memory

KW - Narrative structure

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059053755&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.dr.2018.12.003

DO - 10.1016/j.dr.2018.12.003

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85059053755

VL - 51

SP - 70

EP - 89

JO - Developmental Review

JF - Developmental Review

SN - 0273-2297

ER -