How grammatical are 3-year-olds?

Sarita L. Eisenberg, Ling Yu Guo, Mor Germezia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated the level of grammatical accuracy in typically developing 3-year-olds and the types of errors they produce. Method: Twenty-two 3-year-olds participated in a picture description task. The percentage of grammatical utterances was computed and error types were analyzed. Results: The mean level of grammatical accuracy in typical 3-year-olds was ~71%, with a wide range of variability. The current study revealed a variety of error types produced by 3-year-olds, most of which were produced by fewer than 5 children. The pattern observed for most of the children was to produce a scattering of errors with no more than a few of any 1 error type. Conclusion: The level of grammatical accuracy in 3-year-olds was skewed toward the high end. Although tense marking errors were the most frequent error type, they accounted for only 1/3 of the errors produced by 3-year-olds. A more general measure of grammaticality that considers additional aspects of language might, therefore, be useful in assessing language at this age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-52
Number of pages17
JournalLanguage, speech, and hearing services in schools
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012

Fingerprint

Language
language

Keywords

  • Language sample analysis
  • Normal language development
  • Preschool children

Cite this

Eisenberg, Sarita L. ; Guo, Ling Yu ; Germezia, Mor. / How grammatical are 3-year-olds?. In: Language, speech, and hearing services in schools. 2012 ; Vol. 43, No. 1. pp. 36-52.
@article{9674cb9277f94988bacac2dbd8e58860,
title = "How grammatical are 3-year-olds?",
abstract = "Purpose: This study investigated the level of grammatical accuracy in typically developing 3-year-olds and the types of errors they produce. Method: Twenty-two 3-year-olds participated in a picture description task. The percentage of grammatical utterances was computed and error types were analyzed. Results: The mean level of grammatical accuracy in typical 3-year-olds was ~71{\%}, with a wide range of variability. The current study revealed a variety of error types produced by 3-year-olds, most of which were produced by fewer than 5 children. The pattern observed for most of the children was to produce a scattering of errors with no more than a few of any 1 error type. Conclusion: The level of grammatical accuracy in 3-year-olds was skewed toward the high end. Although tense marking errors were the most frequent error type, they accounted for only 1/3 of the errors produced by 3-year-olds. A more general measure of grammaticality that considers additional aspects of language might, therefore, be useful in assessing language at this age.",
keywords = "Language sample analysis, Normal language development, Preschool children",
author = "Eisenberg, {Sarita L.} and Guo, {Ling Yu} and Mor Germezia",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0093)",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "36--52",
journal = "Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools",
issn = "0161-1461",
publisher = "American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)",
number = "1",

}

How grammatical are 3-year-olds? / Eisenberg, Sarita L.; Guo, Ling Yu; Germezia, Mor.

In: Language, speech, and hearing services in schools, Vol. 43, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 36-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - How grammatical are 3-year-olds?

AU - Eisenberg, Sarita L.

AU - Guo, Ling Yu

AU - Germezia, Mor

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Purpose: This study investigated the level of grammatical accuracy in typically developing 3-year-olds and the types of errors they produce. Method: Twenty-two 3-year-olds participated in a picture description task. The percentage of grammatical utterances was computed and error types were analyzed. Results: The mean level of grammatical accuracy in typical 3-year-olds was ~71%, with a wide range of variability. The current study revealed a variety of error types produced by 3-year-olds, most of which were produced by fewer than 5 children. The pattern observed for most of the children was to produce a scattering of errors with no more than a few of any 1 error type. Conclusion: The level of grammatical accuracy in 3-year-olds was skewed toward the high end. Although tense marking errors were the most frequent error type, they accounted for only 1/3 of the errors produced by 3-year-olds. A more general measure of grammaticality that considers additional aspects of language might, therefore, be useful in assessing language at this age.

AB - Purpose: This study investigated the level of grammatical accuracy in typically developing 3-year-olds and the types of errors they produce. Method: Twenty-two 3-year-olds participated in a picture description task. The percentage of grammatical utterances was computed and error types were analyzed. Results: The mean level of grammatical accuracy in typical 3-year-olds was ~71%, with a wide range of variability. The current study revealed a variety of error types produced by 3-year-olds, most of which were produced by fewer than 5 children. The pattern observed for most of the children was to produce a scattering of errors with no more than a few of any 1 error type. Conclusion: The level of grammatical accuracy in 3-year-olds was skewed toward the high end. Although tense marking errors were the most frequent error type, they accounted for only 1/3 of the errors produced by 3-year-olds. A more general measure of grammaticality that considers additional aspects of language might, therefore, be useful in assessing language at this age.

KW - Language sample analysis

KW - Normal language development

KW - Preschool children

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84855400849&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0093)

DO - 10.1044/0161-1461(2011/10-0093)

M3 - Article

C2 - 22215529

AN - SCOPUS:84855400849

VL - 43

SP - 36

EP - 52

JO - Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools

JF - Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools

SN - 0161-1461

IS - 1

ER -