Hydrogen production with a simple and scalable membraneless electrolyzer

Glen O'Neil, Corey D. Christian, David E. Brown, Daniel V. Esposito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ion-conducting membranes are essential components in many electrochemical devices, but they often add substantial cost, limit performance, and are susceptible to degradation. This work investigates membraneless electrochemical flow cells for hydrogen production from water electrolysis that are based on angled mesh flow-through electrodes. These devices can be fabricated with as few as three parts (anode, cathode, and cell body), reflecting their simplicity and potential for low-cost manufacture. 3D printing was used to fabricate prototype electrolyzers that were demonstrated to be electrolyte agnostic, modular, and capable of operating with minimal product crossover. Prototype electrolyzers operating in acidic and alkaline solutions achieved electrolysis efficiencies of 61.9% and 72.5%, respectively, (based on the higher heating value of H2 ) when operated at 100 mA cm-2 . Product crossover was investigated using in situ electrochemical sensors, in situ imaging, and by gas chromatography (GC). GC analysis found that 2.8% of the H2 crossed over from the cathode to the anode stream under electrolysis at 100 mA cm-2 and fluid velocity of 26.5 cm s-1 . Additionally, modularity was demonstrated with a three-cell stack, and high-speed video measurements tracking bubble evolution from electrode surfaces provide valuable insight for the further optimization of electrolyzer design and performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F3012-F3019
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume163
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

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Hydrogen production
Electrolysis
Gas chromatography
Anodes
Cathodes
Electrochemical sensors
Electrodes
Electrolytes
Printing
Costs
Cells
Ions
Membranes
Imaging techniques
Heating
Degradation
Fluids
Water

Cite this

O'Neil, Glen ; Christian, Corey D. ; Brown, David E. ; Esposito, Daniel V. / Hydrogen production with a simple and scalable membraneless electrolyzer. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2016 ; Vol. 163, No. 11. pp. F3012-F3019.
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abstract = "Ion-conducting membranes are essential components in many electrochemical devices, but they often add substantial cost, limit performance, and are susceptible to degradation. This work investigates membraneless electrochemical flow cells for hydrogen production from water electrolysis that are based on angled mesh flow-through electrodes. These devices can be fabricated with as few as three parts (anode, cathode, and cell body), reflecting their simplicity and potential for low-cost manufacture. 3D printing was used to fabricate prototype electrolyzers that were demonstrated to be electrolyte agnostic, modular, and capable of operating with minimal product crossover. Prototype electrolyzers operating in acidic and alkaline solutions achieved electrolysis efficiencies of 61.9{\%} and 72.5{\%}, respectively, (based on the higher heating value of H2 ) when operated at 100 mA cm-2 . Product crossover was investigated using in situ electrochemical sensors, in situ imaging, and by gas chromatography (GC). GC analysis found that 2.8{\%} of the H2 crossed over from the cathode to the anode stream under electrolysis at 100 mA cm-2 and fluid velocity of 26.5 cm s-1 . Additionally, modularity was demonstrated with a three-cell stack, and high-speed video measurements tracking bubble evolution from electrode surfaces provide valuable insight for the further optimization of electrolyzer design and performance.",
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Hydrogen production with a simple and scalable membraneless electrolyzer. / O'Neil, Glen; Christian, Corey D.; Brown, David E.; Esposito, Daniel V.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, No. 11, 01.01.2016, p. F3012-F3019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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