Perovskites (the general formula of ABO3) with versatile substrates can serve as desirable catalysts to initiate advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for environmental remediation. However, the knowledge regarding the active centers remains piecemeal and unclear, such as how the redox metal centers of B site, inert metals of A site, oxygen vacancies, and direct oxidation of catalysts govern the chemical degradation of aqueous pollutants. This study aimed to identify principal alternations in physicochemical and electrical properties of ABO3-based perovskites modified with partial/overall substitution at A/B sites and synthesized at different conditions. In order to probe varied catalytic activity of these catalysts, ofloxacin (OFX) was used as a model micro-pollutant. Results showed that the OFX degradation by activation of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) with LaFeO3 perovskite was favored by the Sr substitution at A site, Cu substitution at B site, and increasing calcination temperature. Evolution of 1O2, •OH and SO4•- have proven for efficient OFX oxidation, as evidenced by results from in-situ electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) analyses and quenching tests. Specifically, the introduction of Sr at A site can facilitate PMS self-decomposition to produce more 1O2 due to the increased abundance of surface oxygen vacancies. In contrast, the Cu substitution at B site improved the surface oxygen vacancies, as well as the electrical conductivity, which can further accelerate •OH and SO4•- generation for the OFX degradation. This study provides deeper insights into the underlying mechanisms governing the catalytic activity of perovskites. These findings build a basis for better decontamination of hazardous environmental organic pollutants.
- Active sites
- Catalytic mechanisms