Impacts of seagrass habitat architecture on bivalve settlement

Paul Bologna, Jr Heck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the effects of differing spatial scales of seagrass habitat architecture on the composition and abundance of settling bivalves in a sub-tropical seagrass community. The density of newly settled bivalves was generally greater at Thalassia testudinum grass bed edge (< 1 m) compared to interior portions of the bed (> 10 m). Deviation from this generalized pattern occurred when high densities of newly settled tulip mussels (Modiolus americanus) were recorded from the interior of the meadow, associated with aggregations of adult mussels. Bivalve settling densities appear to reflect settlement shadows of passively delivered larvae, bedload transport of newly settled individuals from unvegetated regions, as well as gregarious settlement among adult conspecifics. We also investigated the impact of seagrass patch shape and size on settlement by using artificial seagrass units (ASU) in separate short-term and long-term experiments. We found a positive relationship between ASU perimeter and bivalve abundance, suggesting that larval encounter rates with seagrass habitat may determine initial settlement patterns. Using ASUs we also investigated the relative role seagrass epiphytes play in determining the density of settling bivalves. Results showed greater settling densities where epiphytic secondary structure was elevated compared to controls, and bivalve density was significantly greater when ASUs were fouled with a natural community of epiphytes, suggesting that both microstructure and biofilms positively influenced bivalve settlement. We conclude that structural components of seagrass habitats increase bivalve settlement at multiple spatial scales, including epiphytic micro-structure, small-scale patch shape and size, and large-scale within habitat differences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-457
Number of pages9
JournalEstuaries
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000

Fingerprint

seagrass
bivalve
Bivalvia
Microstructure
Biofilms
habitat
habitats
Agglomeration
epiphytes
Chemical analysis
microstructure
mussels
Experiments
Modiolus
Tulipa
encounter rate
structural component
settlement pattern
secondary structure
long term experiments

Cite this

Bologna, Paul ; Heck, Jr. / Impacts of seagrass habitat architecture on bivalve settlement. In: Estuaries. 2000 ; Vol. 23, No. 4. pp. 449-457.
@article{cb22cc4bf50949579d0155ae95cc919c,
title = "Impacts of seagrass habitat architecture on bivalve settlement",
abstract = "We investigated the effects of differing spatial scales of seagrass habitat architecture on the composition and abundance of settling bivalves in a sub-tropical seagrass community. The density of newly settled bivalves was generally greater at Thalassia testudinum grass bed edge (< 1 m) compared to interior portions of the bed (> 10 m). Deviation from this generalized pattern occurred when high densities of newly settled tulip mussels (Modiolus americanus) were recorded from the interior of the meadow, associated with aggregations of adult mussels. Bivalve settling densities appear to reflect settlement shadows of passively delivered larvae, bedload transport of newly settled individuals from unvegetated regions, as well as gregarious settlement among adult conspecifics. We also investigated the impact of seagrass patch shape and size on settlement by using artificial seagrass units (ASU) in separate short-term and long-term experiments. We found a positive relationship between ASU perimeter and bivalve abundance, suggesting that larval encounter rates with seagrass habitat may determine initial settlement patterns. Using ASUs we also investigated the relative role seagrass epiphytes play in determining the density of settling bivalves. Results showed greater settling densities where epiphytic secondary structure was elevated compared to controls, and bivalve density was significantly greater when ASUs were fouled with a natural community of epiphytes, suggesting that both microstructure and biofilms positively influenced bivalve settlement. We conclude that structural components of seagrass habitats increase bivalve settlement at multiple spatial scales, including epiphytic micro-structure, small-scale patch shape and size, and large-scale within habitat differences.",
author = "Paul Bologna and Jr Heck",
year = "2000",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2307/1353138",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "449--457",
journal = "Estuaries",
issn = "0160-8347",
publisher = "Estuarine Research Federation",
number = "4",

}

Impacts of seagrass habitat architecture on bivalve settlement. / Bologna, Paul; Heck, Jr.

In: Estuaries, Vol. 23, No. 4, 01.01.2000, p. 449-457.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impacts of seagrass habitat architecture on bivalve settlement

AU - Bologna, Paul

AU - Heck, Jr

PY - 2000/1/1

Y1 - 2000/1/1

N2 - We investigated the effects of differing spatial scales of seagrass habitat architecture on the composition and abundance of settling bivalves in a sub-tropical seagrass community. The density of newly settled bivalves was generally greater at Thalassia testudinum grass bed edge (< 1 m) compared to interior portions of the bed (> 10 m). Deviation from this generalized pattern occurred when high densities of newly settled tulip mussels (Modiolus americanus) were recorded from the interior of the meadow, associated with aggregations of adult mussels. Bivalve settling densities appear to reflect settlement shadows of passively delivered larvae, bedload transport of newly settled individuals from unvegetated regions, as well as gregarious settlement among adult conspecifics. We also investigated the impact of seagrass patch shape and size on settlement by using artificial seagrass units (ASU) in separate short-term and long-term experiments. We found a positive relationship between ASU perimeter and bivalve abundance, suggesting that larval encounter rates with seagrass habitat may determine initial settlement patterns. Using ASUs we also investigated the relative role seagrass epiphytes play in determining the density of settling bivalves. Results showed greater settling densities where epiphytic secondary structure was elevated compared to controls, and bivalve density was significantly greater when ASUs were fouled with a natural community of epiphytes, suggesting that both microstructure and biofilms positively influenced bivalve settlement. We conclude that structural components of seagrass habitats increase bivalve settlement at multiple spatial scales, including epiphytic micro-structure, small-scale patch shape and size, and large-scale within habitat differences.

AB - We investigated the effects of differing spatial scales of seagrass habitat architecture on the composition and abundance of settling bivalves in a sub-tropical seagrass community. The density of newly settled bivalves was generally greater at Thalassia testudinum grass bed edge (< 1 m) compared to interior portions of the bed (> 10 m). Deviation from this generalized pattern occurred when high densities of newly settled tulip mussels (Modiolus americanus) were recorded from the interior of the meadow, associated with aggregations of adult mussels. Bivalve settling densities appear to reflect settlement shadows of passively delivered larvae, bedload transport of newly settled individuals from unvegetated regions, as well as gregarious settlement among adult conspecifics. We also investigated the impact of seagrass patch shape and size on settlement by using artificial seagrass units (ASU) in separate short-term and long-term experiments. We found a positive relationship between ASU perimeter and bivalve abundance, suggesting that larval encounter rates with seagrass habitat may determine initial settlement patterns. Using ASUs we also investigated the relative role seagrass epiphytes play in determining the density of settling bivalves. Results showed greater settling densities where epiphytic secondary structure was elevated compared to controls, and bivalve density was significantly greater when ASUs were fouled with a natural community of epiphytes, suggesting that both microstructure and biofilms positively influenced bivalve settlement. We conclude that structural components of seagrass habitats increase bivalve settlement at multiple spatial scales, including epiphytic micro-structure, small-scale patch shape and size, and large-scale within habitat differences.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046525112&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2307/1353138

DO - 10.2307/1353138

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 449

EP - 457

JO - Estuaries

JF - Estuaries

SN - 0160-8347

IS - 4

ER -