Implementation Science in School Mental Health: Key Constructs in a Developing Research Agenda

Julie Sarno Owens, Aaron R. Lyon, Nicole Evangelista Brandt, Carrie Masia Warner, Erum Nadeem, Craig Spiel, Mary Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

151 Scopus citations


In this paper, we propose an implementation science research agenda as it applies to school mental health (SMH). First, we provide an overview of important contextual issues to be considered when addressing research questions pertinent to the implementation of mental health interventions in schools. Next, we critically review three core implementation components: (a) professional development and coaching for school professionals regarding evidence-based practices (EBPs); (b) the integrity of EBPs implemented in schools; and (c) EBP sustainment under typical school conditions. We articulate research questions central to the next generation of research in each of these areas as well as methods to address such questions. Our intent in doing so is to contribute to a developing blueprint to guide community-research partnerships as well as funding agencies in their efforts to advance implementation science in SMH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-111
Number of pages13
JournalSchool Mental Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2014


  • Coaching
  • Implementation science
  • Integrity
  • Professional development
  • School mental health
  • Sustainability
  • Sustainment


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