This chapter provides a clear direction toward some truths that demand additional exploration. It describes the available knowledge on men’s health and mass incarceration. The chapter explores racial and ethnic minorities appear to suffer the most in matters concerning health and incarceration, and their suffering is directly connected to the collusion of powerful institutions that produce adverse conditions related to their ability to remain healthy. A multitude of research has been published indicating that incarceration is a determinant of poor health. Understanding the connection between the inaccessibility of healthcare for the formerly incarcerated and the broader well-being of the public’s health is crucial, particularly as it pertains to family impact. The health impact of incarceration can have effects on the communities to which people return after their incarceration. A more nuanced representation of health and incarceration issues helps to present a more complex depiction of incarceration as a determinant of poor health outcomes.