Inhalation of carbon monoxide is ineffective as a long-term therapy to reduce obesity in mice fed a high fat diet

Peter Hosick, Elhaitham K. Ahmed, Monette U. Gousset, Joey P. Granger, David E. Stec

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that induction of heme oxygenase-1 results in weight loss in several rodent models of obesity. However, the specific role of the heme oxygenase-1 metabolite, carbon monoxide (CO), in this response has yet to be established. We recently reported that chronic treatment with CO releasing molecules results in prevention of weight gain in mice fed a high fat diet. In the present study, we sought to determine the effect of chronic CO inhalation on the development and reversal of high fat diet induced obesity. Results: CO inhalation at both levels initially resulted in a prevention and reversal of body weight and fat mass over the first 10 weeks of treatment, however, this effect was not sustained. CO inhalation in the prevention groups also had an early effect to lower fasting blood glucose but this effect also was not sustained. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that CO inhalation has a transient effect to prevent and reduce body weight which is not sustained chronically in mice fed a high fat diet. These results suggest that chronic CO inhalation therapy is not an effective treatment to induce long term weight loss.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6
JournalBMC Obesity
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

High Fat Diet
Carbon Monoxide
Inhalation
Obesity
Heme Oxygenase-1
Therapeutics
Weight Loss
Body Weight
Respiratory Therapy
Weight Gain
Blood Glucose
Adipose Tissue
Rodentia
Fasting

Keywords

  • Heme oxygenase
  • Insulin resistance
  • Metabolism
  • Obesity
  • Type II diabetes

Cite this

Hosick, Peter ; Ahmed, Elhaitham K. ; Gousset, Monette U. ; Granger, Joey P. ; Stec, David E. / Inhalation of carbon monoxide is ineffective as a long-term therapy to reduce obesity in mice fed a high fat diet. In: BMC Obesity. 2014 ; Vol. 1, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that induction of heme oxygenase-1 results in weight loss in several rodent models of obesity. However, the specific role of the heme oxygenase-1 metabolite, carbon monoxide (CO), in this response has yet to be established. We recently reported that chronic treatment with CO releasing molecules results in prevention of weight gain in mice fed a high fat diet. In the present study, we sought to determine the effect of chronic CO inhalation on the development and reversal of high fat diet induced obesity. Results: CO inhalation at both levels initially resulted in a prevention and reversal of body weight and fat mass over the first 10 weeks of treatment, however, this effect was not sustained. CO inhalation in the prevention groups also had an early effect to lower fasting blood glucose but this effect also was not sustained. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that CO inhalation has a transient effect to prevent and reduce body weight which is not sustained chronically in mice fed a high fat diet. These results suggest that chronic CO inhalation therapy is not an effective treatment to induce long term weight loss.",
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Inhalation of carbon monoxide is ineffective as a long-term therapy to reduce obesity in mice fed a high fat diet. / Hosick, Peter; Ahmed, Elhaitham K.; Gousset, Monette U.; Granger, Joey P.; Stec, David E.

In: BMC Obesity, Vol. 1, No. 1, 6, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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