“It All Starts With the Parents”

A Qualitative Study on Protective Factors for Drug-Use Prevention Among Black and Hispanic Girls

Ijeoma Opara, David T. Lardier, Robert Reid, Pauline Garcia-Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Using intersectionality theory as a theoretical framework, this qualitative study uncovered the protective factors present among black and Hispanic adolescent girls living in an urban, underresourced neighborhood in the Northeastern United States. The sample used in this study includes eight focus groups that consisted of adolescent females only (N = 57). Female participants were sampled through six youth-serving summer programs throughout the target city. The female participants were between 11 and 17 years of age, with 73% self-identifying as black (n = 45) and 26% (n = 12) as Hispanic. Thematic analysis using an intersectional approach was used to analyze the narratives of participants in the study. Three main themes arose: environmental context, parent–child communication about drug use, and parental modeling. Participants were critically aware of their environmental context which normalized drug use. However, participants identified protective factors such as parents communicating about drug use and parental modeling to girls in the sample as the most salient factors against substance use in their community. Findings provide insight for researchers, social workers, and interventionists to create and implement family-centered, strengths-based substance-abuse prevention programs that are racial, ethnic, and gender specific for black and Hispanic adolescent girls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-218
Number of pages20
JournalAffilia - Journal of Women and Social Work
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2019

Fingerprint

drug use
parents
adolescent
intersectionality
female adolescent
substance abuse
social worker
narrative
communication
present
gender
community
Group

Keywords

  • black and Hispanic adolescents
  • drug-use prevention
  • family processes
  • feminism
  • intersectionality

Cite this

@article{7e156744373146e5b99949763797f506,
title = "“It All Starts With the Parents”: A Qualitative Study on Protective Factors for Drug-Use Prevention Among Black and Hispanic Girls",
abstract = "Using intersectionality theory as a theoretical framework, this qualitative study uncovered the protective factors present among black and Hispanic adolescent girls living in an urban, underresourced neighborhood in the Northeastern United States. The sample used in this study includes eight focus groups that consisted of adolescent females only (N = 57). Female participants were sampled through six youth-serving summer programs throughout the target city. The female participants were between 11 and 17 years of age, with 73{\%} self-identifying as black (n = 45) and 26{\%} (n = 12) as Hispanic. Thematic analysis using an intersectional approach was used to analyze the narratives of participants in the study. Three main themes arose: environmental context, parent–child communication about drug use, and parental modeling. Participants were critically aware of their environmental context which normalized drug use. However, participants identified protective factors such as parents communicating about drug use and parental modeling to girls in the sample as the most salient factors against substance use in their community. Findings provide insight for researchers, social workers, and interventionists to create and implement family-centered, strengths-based substance-abuse prevention programs that are racial, ethnic, and gender specific for black and Hispanic adolescent girls.",
keywords = "black and Hispanic adolescents, drug-use prevention, family processes, feminism, intersectionality",
author = "Ijeoma Opara and Lardier, {David T.} and Robert Reid and Pauline Garcia-Reid",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0886109918822543",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "199--218",
journal = "Affilia - Journal of Women and Social Work",
issn = "0886-1099",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

“It All Starts With the Parents” : A Qualitative Study on Protective Factors for Drug-Use Prevention Among Black and Hispanic Girls. / Opara, Ijeoma; Lardier, David T.; Reid, Robert; Garcia-Reid, Pauline.

In: Affilia - Journal of Women and Social Work, Vol. 34, No. 2, 01.05.2019, p. 199-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - “It All Starts With the Parents”

T2 - A Qualitative Study on Protective Factors for Drug-Use Prevention Among Black and Hispanic Girls

AU - Opara, Ijeoma

AU - Lardier, David T.

AU - Reid, Robert

AU - Garcia-Reid, Pauline

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - Using intersectionality theory as a theoretical framework, this qualitative study uncovered the protective factors present among black and Hispanic adolescent girls living in an urban, underresourced neighborhood in the Northeastern United States. The sample used in this study includes eight focus groups that consisted of adolescent females only (N = 57). Female participants were sampled through six youth-serving summer programs throughout the target city. The female participants were between 11 and 17 years of age, with 73% self-identifying as black (n = 45) and 26% (n = 12) as Hispanic. Thematic analysis using an intersectional approach was used to analyze the narratives of participants in the study. Three main themes arose: environmental context, parent–child communication about drug use, and parental modeling. Participants were critically aware of their environmental context which normalized drug use. However, participants identified protective factors such as parents communicating about drug use and parental modeling to girls in the sample as the most salient factors against substance use in their community. Findings provide insight for researchers, social workers, and interventionists to create and implement family-centered, strengths-based substance-abuse prevention programs that are racial, ethnic, and gender specific for black and Hispanic adolescent girls.

AB - Using intersectionality theory as a theoretical framework, this qualitative study uncovered the protective factors present among black and Hispanic adolescent girls living in an urban, underresourced neighborhood in the Northeastern United States. The sample used in this study includes eight focus groups that consisted of adolescent females only (N = 57). Female participants were sampled through six youth-serving summer programs throughout the target city. The female participants were between 11 and 17 years of age, with 73% self-identifying as black (n = 45) and 26% (n = 12) as Hispanic. Thematic analysis using an intersectional approach was used to analyze the narratives of participants in the study. Three main themes arose: environmental context, parent–child communication about drug use, and parental modeling. Participants were critically aware of their environmental context which normalized drug use. However, participants identified protective factors such as parents communicating about drug use and parental modeling to girls in the sample as the most salient factors against substance use in their community. Findings provide insight for researchers, social workers, and interventionists to create and implement family-centered, strengths-based substance-abuse prevention programs that are racial, ethnic, and gender specific for black and Hispanic adolescent girls.

KW - black and Hispanic adolescents

KW - drug-use prevention

KW - family processes

KW - feminism

KW - intersectionality

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060595568&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0886109918822543

DO - 10.1177/0886109918822543

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 199

EP - 218

JO - Affilia - Journal of Women and Social Work

JF - Affilia - Journal of Women and Social Work

SN - 0886-1099

IS - 2

ER -