“It’s Hard Out Here if You’re a Black Felon”: A Critical Examination of Black Male Reentry

Jason Williams, Sean K. Wilson, Carrie Bergeson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Formerly incarcerated Black males face many barriers once they return to society after incarceration. Research has long established incarceration as a determinant of poor health and well-being. While research has shown that legally created barriers (e.g., employment, housing, and social services) are often a challenge post-incarceration, far less is known of Black male’s daily experiences of reentry. Utilizing critical ethnography and semi-structured interviews with formerly incarcerated Black males in a Northeastern community, this study examines the challenges Black males experience post-incarceration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-458
Number of pages22
JournalPrison Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019



  • Black masculinity
  • employment
  • familial support
  • reentry
  • stigma

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