K-nearest neighbor classification over semantically secure encrypted relational data

Bharath K. Samanthula, Yousef Elmehdwi, Wei Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

179 Scopus citations


Data Mining has wide applications in many areas such as banking, medicine, scientific research and among government agencies. Classification is one of the commonly used tasks in data mining applications. For the past decade, due to the rise of various privacy issues, many theoretical and practical solutions to the classification problem have been proposed under different security models. However, with the recent popularity of cloud computing, users now have the opportunity to outsource their data, in encrypted form, as well as the data mining tasks to the cloud. Since the data on the cloud is in encrypted form, existing privacy-preserving classification techniques are not applicable. In this paper, we focus on solving the classification problem over encrypted data. In particular, we propose a secure k-NN classifier over encrypted data in the cloud. The proposed protocol protects the confidentiality of data, privacy of user's input query, and hides the data access patterns. To the best of our knowledge, our work is the first to develop a secure k-NN classifier over encrypted data under the semi-honest model. Also, we empirically analyze the efficiency of our proposed protocol using a real-world dataset under different parameter settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6930802
Pages (from-to)1261-1273
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2015


  • Encryption
  • Outsourced Databases
  • Security
  • k-NN Classifier


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