Knowledge of Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer Among Low-Income Women in New Jersey

Stephanie A.Navarro Silvera, Alejandra M. Kaplan, Priscila Laforet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Although much research has been conducted on knowledge and awareness of the connection between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer risk among university students, few studies have examined these associations among low-income populations. We examined knowledge of HPV and cervical cancer risk among racially and ethnically diverse low-income women. Methods: We used a cross-sectional study design to recruit and interview 476 low-income women in New Jersey from November 1, 2013, through February 28, 2016. We used multivariate logistic regression to determine whether knowledge of HPV and its association with cervical cancer risk differed by race and ethnicity. Results: Compared with non-Hispanic White women, Hispanic (odds ratio [OR] = 0.37; 95% CI, 0.18-0.77) and non-Hispanic Black (OR = 0.38; 95% CI, 0.19-0.77) women were significantly less likely to report having heard of HPV. Of women who had ever heard of HPV (n = 323), non-Hispanic Black women were significantly less likely (OR = 0.44; 95% CI, 0.21-0.89) than non-Hispanic White women to report knowing that HPV can be associated with cervical cancer. Conclusions: Given the higher rates of HPV infection among non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic women, these results suggest a need to improve education about risks of HPV among low-income populations. These messages need to include information on the connection between HPV and cervical cancer and must be provided in culturally and linguistically appropriate ways.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPublic Health Reports
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • cervical cancer
  • ethnicity
  • human papillomavirus
  • low-income women
  • race

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