LIGO: The laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory

B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, R. Adhikari, P. Ajith, B. Allen, G. Allen, R. S. Amin, S. B. Anderson, W. G. Anderson, M. A. Arain, M. Araya, H. Armandula, P. Armor, Y. Aso, S. Aston, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, P. Baker, S. BallmerC. Barker, D. Barker, B. Barr, P. Barriga, L. Barsotti, M. A. Barton, I. Bartos, R. Bassiri, M. Bastarrika, B. Behnke, M. Benacquista, J. Betzwieser, P. T. Beyersdorf, I. A. Bilenko, G. Billingsley, R. Biswas, E. Black, J. K. Blackburn, L. Blackburn, D. Blair, B. Bland, T. P. Bodiya, L. Bogue, R. Bork, V. Boschi, S. Bose, P. R. Brady, V. B. Braginsky, J. E. Brau, D. O. Bridges, M. Brinkmann, A. F. Brooks, D. A. Brown, A. Brummit, G. Brunet, A. Bullington, A. Buonanno, O. Burmeister, R. L. Byer, L. Cadonati, J. B. Camp, J. Cannizzo, K. C. Cannon, J. Cao, L. Cardenas, S. Caride, G. Castaldi, S. Caudill, M. Cavagli, C. Cepeda, T. Chalermsongsak, E. Chalkley, P. Charlton, S. Chatterji, S. Chelkowski, Y. Chen, N. Christensen, C. T.Y. Chung, D. Clark, J. Clark, J. H. Clayton, T. Cokelaer, C. N. Colacino, R. Conte, D. Cook, T. R.C. Corbitt, N. Cornish, D. Coward, D. C. Coyne, J. D.E. Creighton, T. D. Creighton, A. M. Cruise, R. M. Culter, A. Cumming, L. Cunningham, S. L. Danilishin, K. Danzmann, B. Daudert, G. Davies, E. J. Daw, D. Debra, J. Degallaix, V. Dergachev, S. Desai, R. Desalvo, S. Dhurandhar, M. Díaz, A. Dietz, F. Donovan, K. L. Dooley, E. E. Doomes, R. W.P. Drever, J. Dueck, I. Duke, J. C. Dumas, J. G. Dwyer, C. Echols, M. Edgar, A. Effler, P. Ehrens, E. Espinoza, T. Etzel, M. Evans, T. Evans, S. Fairhurst, Y. Faltas, Y. Fan, D. Fazi, H. Fehrmenn, L. S. Finn, K. Flasch, S. Foley, C. Forrest, N. Fotopoulos, A. Franzen, M. Frede, M. Frei, Z. Frei, A. Freise, R. Frey, T. Fricke, P. Fritschel, V. V. Frolov, M. Fyffe, V. Galdi, J. A. Garofoli, I. Gholami, J. A. Giaime, S. Giampanis, K. D. Giardina, K. Goda, E. Goetz, L. M. Goggin, G. Gonzlez, M. L. Gorodetsky, S. Goler, R. Gouaty, A. Grant, S. Gras, C. Gray, M. Gray, R. J.S. Greenhalgh, A. M. Gretarsson, F. Grimaldi, R. Grosso, H. Grote, S. Grunewald, M. Guenther, E. K. Gustafson, R. Gustafson, B. Hage, J. M. Hallam, D. Hammer, G. D. Hammond, C. Hanna, J. Hanson, J. Harms, G. M. Harry, I. W. Harry, E. D. Harstad, K. Haughian, K. Hayama, J. Heefner, I. S. Heng, A. Heptonstall, M. Hewitson, S. Hild, E. Hirose, D. Hoak, K. A. Hodge, K. Holt, D. J. Hosken, J. Hough, D. Hoyland, B. Hughey, S. H. Huttner, D. R. Ingram, T. Isogai, M. Ito, A. Ivanov, B. Johnson, W. W. Johnson, D. I. Jones, G. Jones, R. Jones, L. Ju, P. Kalmus, V. Kalogera, S. Kandhasamy, J. Kanner, D. Kasprzyk, E. Katsavounidis, K. Kawabe, S. Kawamura, F. Kawazoe, W. Kells, D. G. Keppel, A. Khalaidovski, F. Y. Khalili, R. Khan, E. Khazanov, P. King, J. S. Kissel, S. Klimenko, K. Kokeyama, V. Kondrashov, R. Kopparapu, S. Koranda, D. Kozak, B. Krishnan, R. Kumar, P. Kwee, P. K. Lam, M. Landry, B. Lantz, A. Lazzarini, H. Lei, M. Lei, N. Leindecker, I. Leonor, C. Li, H. Lin, P. E. Lindquist, T. B. Littenberg, N. A. Lockerbie, D. Lodhia, M. Longo, M. Lormand, P. Lu, M. Lubinski, A. Lucianetti, H. Lück, B. MacHenschalk, M. MacInnis, M. Mageswaran, K. Mailand, I. Mandel, V. Mandic, S. Mrka, Z. Mrka, A. Markosyan, J. Markowitz, E. Maros, I. W. Martin, R. M. Martin, J. N. Marx, K. Mason, F. Matichard, L. Matone, R. A. Matzner, N. Mavalvala, R. McCarthy, D. E. McClelland, S. C. McGuire, M. McHugh, G. McIntyre, D. J.A. McKechan, K. McKenzie, M. Mehmet, A. Melatos, A. C. Melissinos, D. F. Menéndez, G. Mendell, R. A. Mercer, S. Meshkov, C. Messenger, M. S. Meyer, J. Miller, J. Minelli, Y. Mino, V. P. Mitrofanov, G. Mitselmakher, R. Mittleman, O. Miyakawa, B. Moe, S. D. Mohanty, S. R.P. Mohapatra, G. Moreno, T. Morioka, K. Mors, K. Mossavi, C. Mowlowry, G. Mueller, H. Müller-Ebhardt, D. Muhammad, S. Mukherjee, H. Mukhopadhyay, A. Mullavey, J. Munch, P. G. Murray, E. Myers, J. Myers, T. Nash, J. Nelson, G. Newton, A. Nishizawa, K. Numata, J. O'Dell, B. O'Reilly, R. O'Shaughnessy, E. Ochsner, G. H. Ogin, D. J. Ottaway, R. S. Ottens, H. Overmier, B. J. Owen, Y. Pan, C. Pankow, M. A. Papa, V. Parameshwaraiah, P. Patel, M. Pedraza, S. Penn, A. Perraca, V. Pierro, I. M. Pinto, M. Pitkin, H. J. Pletsch, M. V. Plissi, F. Postiglione, M. Principe, R. Prix, L. Prokhorov, O. Punken, V. Quetschke, F. J. Raab, D. S. Rabeling, H. Radkins, P. Raffai, Z. Raics, N. Rainer, M. Rakhmanov, V. Raymond, C. M. Reed, T. Reed, H. Rehbein, S. Reid, D. H. Reitze, R. Riesen, K. Riles, B. Rivera, P. Roberts, N. A. Robertson, C. Robinson, E. L. Robinson, S. Roddy, C. Röver, J. Rollins, J. D. Romano, J. H. Romie, S. Rowan, A. Rüdiger, P. Russell, K. Ryan, S. Sakata, L. Sancho De La Jordana, V. Sandberg, V. Sannibale, L. Santamaría, S. Saraf, P. Sarin, B. S. Sathyaprakash, S. Sato, M. Satterthwaite, P. R. Saulson, R. Savage, P. Savov, M. Scanlan, R. Schilling, R. Schnabel, R. Schofield, B. Schulz, B. F. Schutz, P. Schwinberg, J. Scott, S. M. Scott, A. C. Searle, B. Sears, F. Seifert, D. Sellers, A. S. Sengupta, A. Sergeev, B. Shapiro, P. Shawhan, D. H. Shoemaker, A. Sibley, X. Siemens, D. Sigg, S. Sinha, A. M. Sintes, B. J.J. Slagmolen, J. Slutsky, J. R. Smith, M. R. Smith, N. D. Smith, K. Somiya, B. Sorazu, A. Stein, L. C. Stein, S. Steplewski, A. Stochino, R. Stone, K. A. Strain, S. Strigin, A. Stroeer, A. L. Stuver, T. Z. Summerscales, K. X. Sun, M. Sung, P. J. Sutton, G. P. Szokoly, D. Talukder, L. Tang, D. B. Tanner, S. P. Tarabrin, J. R. Taylor, R. Taylor, J. Thacker, K. A. Thorne, A. Thüring, K. V. Tokmakov, C. Torres, C. Torrie, G. Traylor, M. Trias, D. Ugolini, J. Ulmen, K. Urbanek, H. Vahlbruch, M. Vallisneri, C. Van Den Broeck, M. V. Van Der Sluys, A. A. Van Veggel, S. Vass, R. Vaulin, A. Vecchio, J. Veitch, P. Veitch, C. Veltkamp, A. Villar, C. Vorvick, S. P. Vyachanin, S. J. Waldman, L. Wallace, R. L. Ward, A. Weidner, M. Weinert, A. J. Weinstein, R. Weiss, L. Wen, S. Wen, K. Wette, J. T. Whelan, S. E. Whitcomb, B. F. Whiting, C. Wilkinson, P. A. Willems, H. R. Williams, L. Williams, B. Willke, I. Wilmut, L. Winkelmann, W. Winkler, C. C. Wipf, A. G. Wiseman, G. Woan, R. Wooley, J. Worden, W. Wu, I. Yakushin, H. Yamamoto, Z. Yan, S. Yoshida, M. Zanolin, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhao, N. Zotov, M. E. Zucker, H. Zur Mühlen, J. Zweizig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

862 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of the Laser Interferometric Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is to detect and study gravitational waves (GWs) of astrophysical origin. Direct detection of GWs holds the promise of testing general relativity in the strong-field regime, of providing a new probe of exotic objects such as black holes and neutron stars and of uncovering unanticipated new astrophysics. LIGO, a joint Caltech-MIT project supported by the National Science Foundation, operates three multi-kilometer interferometers at two widely separated sites in the United States. These detectors are the result of decades of worldwide technology development, design, construction and commissioning. They are now operating at their design sensitivity, and are sensitive to gravitational wave strains smaller than one part in 1021. With this unprecedented sensitivity, the data are being analyzed to detect or place limits on GWs from a variety of potential astrophysical sources.

Original languageEnglish
Article number076901
JournalReports on Progress in Physics
Volume72
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2009

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LIGO (observatory)
gravitational waves
observatories
lasers
astrophysics
sensitivity
neutron stars
relativity
interferometers
stars
probes
detectors

Cite this

Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Adhikari, R., Ajith, P., Allen, B., Allen, G., ... Zweizig, J. (2009). LIGO: The laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory. Reports on Progress in Physics, 72(7), [076901]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/72/7/076901
Abbott, B. P. ; Abbott, R. ; Adhikari, R. ; Ajith, P. ; Allen, B. ; Allen, G. ; Amin, R. S. ; Anderson, S. B. ; Anderson, W. G. ; Arain, M. A. ; Araya, M. ; Armandula, H. ; Armor, P. ; Aso, Y. ; Aston, S. ; Aufmuth, P. ; Aulbert, C. ; Babak, S. ; Baker, P. ; Ballmer, S. ; Barker, C. ; Barker, D. ; Barr, B. ; Barriga, P. ; Barsotti, L. ; Barton, M. A. ; Bartos, I. ; Bassiri, R. ; Bastarrika, M. ; Behnke, B. ; Benacquista, M. ; Betzwieser, J. ; Beyersdorf, P. T. ; Bilenko, I. A. ; Billingsley, G. ; Biswas, R. ; Black, E. ; Blackburn, J. K. ; Blackburn, L. ; Blair, D. ; Bland, B. ; Bodiya, T. P. ; Bogue, L. ; Bork, R. ; Boschi, V. ; Bose, S. ; Brady, P. R. ; Braginsky, V. B. ; Brau, J. E. ; Bridges, D. O. ; Brinkmann, M. ; Brooks, A. F. ; Brown, D. A. ; Brummit, A. ; Brunet, G. ; Bullington, A. ; Buonanno, A. ; Burmeister, O. ; Byer, R. L. ; Cadonati, L. ; Camp, J. B. ; Cannizzo, J. ; Cannon, K. C. ; Cao, J. ; Cardenas, L. ; Caride, S. ; Castaldi, G. ; Caudill, S. ; Cavagli, M. ; Cepeda, C. ; Chalermsongsak, T. ; Chalkley, E. ; Charlton, P. ; Chatterji, S. ; Chelkowski, S. ; Chen, Y. ; Christensen, N. ; Chung, C. T.Y. ; Clark, D. ; Clark, J. ; Clayton, J. H. ; Cokelaer, T. ; Colacino, C. N. ; Conte, R. ; Cook, D. ; Corbitt, T. R.C. ; Cornish, N. ; Coward, D. ; Coyne, D. C. ; Creighton, J. D.E. ; Creighton, T. D. ; Cruise, A. M. ; Culter, R. M. ; Cumming, A. ; Cunningham, L. ; Danilishin, S. L. ; Danzmann, K. ; Daudert, B. ; Davies, G. ; Daw, E. J. ; Debra, D. ; Degallaix, J. ; Dergachev, V. ; Desai, S. ; Desalvo, R. ; Dhurandhar, S. ; Díaz, M. ; Dietz, A. ; Donovan, F. ; Dooley, K. L. ; Doomes, E. E. ; Drever, R. W.P. ; Dueck, J. ; Duke, I. ; Dumas, J. C. ; Dwyer, J. G. ; Echols, C. ; Edgar, M. ; Effler, A. ; Ehrens, P. ; Espinoza, E. ; Etzel, T. ; Evans, M. ; Evans, T. ; Fairhurst, S. ; Faltas, Y. ; Fan, Y. ; Fazi, D. ; Fehrmenn, H. ; Finn, L. S. ; Flasch, K. ; Foley, S. ; Forrest, C. ; Fotopoulos, N. ; Franzen, A. ; Frede, M. ; Frei, M. ; Frei, Z. ; Freise, A. ; Frey, R. ; Fricke, T. ; Fritschel, P. ; Frolov, V. V. ; Fyffe, M. ; Galdi, V. ; Garofoli, J. A. ; Gholami, I. ; Giaime, J. A. ; Giampanis, S. ; Giardina, K. D. ; Goda, K. ; Goetz, E. ; Goggin, L. M. ; Gonzlez, G. ; Gorodetsky, M. L. ; Goler, S. ; Gouaty, R. ; Grant, A. ; Gras, S. ; Gray, C. ; Gray, M. ; Greenhalgh, R. J.S. ; Gretarsson, A. M. ; Grimaldi, F. ; Grosso, R. ; Grote, H. ; Grunewald, S. ; Guenther, M. ; Gustafson, E. K. ; Gustafson, R. ; Hage, B. ; Hallam, J. M. ; Hammer, D. ; Hammond, G. D. ; Hanna, C. ; Hanson, J. ; Harms, J. ; Harry, G. M. ; Harry, I. W. ; Harstad, E. D. ; Haughian, K. ; Hayama, K. ; Heefner, J. ; Heng, I. S. ; Heptonstall, A. ; Hewitson, M. ; Hild, S. ; Hirose, E. ; Hoak, D. ; Hodge, K. A. ; Holt, K. ; Hosken, D. J. ; Hough, J. ; Hoyland, D. ; Hughey, B. ; Huttner, S. H. ; Ingram, D. R. ; Isogai, T. ; Ito, M. ; Ivanov, A. ; Johnson, B. ; Johnson, W. W. ; Jones, D. I. ; Jones, G. ; Jones, R. ; Ju, L. ; Kalmus, P. ; Kalogera, V. ; Kandhasamy, S. ; Kanner, J. ; Kasprzyk, D. ; Katsavounidis, E. ; Kawabe, K. ; Kawamura, S. ; Kawazoe, F. ; Kells, W. ; Keppel, D. G. ; Khalaidovski, A. ; Khalili, F. Y. ; Khan, R. ; Khazanov, E. ; King, P. ; Kissel, J. S. ; Klimenko, S. ; Kokeyama, K. ; Kondrashov, V. ; Kopparapu, R. ; Koranda, S. ; Kozak, D. ; Krishnan, B. ; Kumar, R. ; Kwee, P. ; Lam, P. K. ; Landry, M. ; Lantz, B. ; Lazzarini, A. ; Lei, H. ; Lei, M. ; Leindecker, N. ; Leonor, I. ; Li, C. ; Lin, H. ; Lindquist, P. E. ; Littenberg, T. B. ; Lockerbie, N. A. ; Lodhia, D. ; Longo, M. ; Lormand, M. ; Lu, P. ; Lubinski, M. ; Lucianetti, A. ; Lück, H. ; MacHenschalk, B. ; MacInnis, M. ; Mageswaran, M. ; Mailand, K. ; Mandel, I. ; Mandic, V. ; Mrka, S. ; Mrka, Z. ; Markosyan, A. ; Markowitz, J. ; Maros, E. ; Martin, I. W. ; Martin, R. M. ; Marx, J. N. ; Mason, K. ; Matichard, F. ; Matone, L. ; Matzner, R. A. ; Mavalvala, N. ; McCarthy, R. ; McClelland, D. E. ; McGuire, S. C. ; McHugh, M. ; McIntyre, G. ; McKechan, D. J.A. ; McKenzie, K. ; Mehmet, M. ; Melatos, A. ; Melissinos, A. C. ; Menéndez, D. F. ; Mendell, G. ; Mercer, R. A. ; Meshkov, S. ; Messenger, C. ; Meyer, M. S. ; Miller, J. ; Minelli, J. ; Mino, Y. ; Mitrofanov, V. P. ; Mitselmakher, G. ; Mittleman, R. ; Miyakawa, O. ; Moe, B. ; Mohanty, S. D. ; Mohapatra, S. R.P. ; Moreno, G. ; Morioka, T. ; Mors, K. ; Mossavi, K. ; Mowlowry, C. ; Mueller, G. ; Müller-Ebhardt, H. ; Muhammad, D. ; Mukherjee, S. ; Mukhopadhyay, H. ; Mullavey, A. ; Munch, J. ; Murray, P. G. ; Myers, E. ; Myers, J. ; Nash, T. ; Nelson, J. ; Newton, G. ; Nishizawa, A. ; Numata, K. ; O'Dell, J. ; O'Reilly, B. ; O'Shaughnessy, R. ; Ochsner, E. ; Ogin, G. H. ; Ottaway, D. J. ; Ottens, R. S. ; Overmier, H. ; Owen, B. J. ; Pan, Y. ; Pankow, C. ; Papa, M. A. ; Parameshwaraiah, V. ; Patel, P. ; Pedraza, M. ; Penn, S. ; Perraca, A. ; Pierro, V. ; Pinto, I. M. ; Pitkin, M. ; Pletsch, H. J. ; Plissi, M. V. ; Postiglione, F. ; Principe, M. ; Prix, R. ; Prokhorov, L. ; Punken, O. ; Quetschke, V. ; Raab, F. J. ; Rabeling, D. S. ; Radkins, H. ; Raffai, P. ; Raics, Z. ; Rainer, N. ; Rakhmanov, M. ; Raymond, V. ; Reed, C. M. ; Reed, T. ; Rehbein, H. ; Reid, S. ; Reitze, D. H. ; Riesen, R. ; Riles, K. ; Rivera, B. ; Roberts, P. ; Robertson, N. A. ; Robinson, C. ; Robinson, E. L. ; Roddy, S. ; Röver, C. ; Rollins, J. ; Romano, J. D. ; Romie, J. H. ; Rowan, S. ; Rüdiger, A. ; Russell, P. ; Ryan, K. ; Sakata, S. ; De La Jordana, L. Sancho ; Sandberg, V. ; Sannibale, V. ; Santamaría, L. ; Saraf, S. ; Sarin, P. ; Sathyaprakash, B. S. ; Sato, S. ; Satterthwaite, M. ; Saulson, P. R. ; Savage, R. ; Savov, P. ; Scanlan, M. ; Schilling, R. ; Schnabel, R. ; Schofield, R. ; Schulz, B. ; Schutz, B. F. ; Schwinberg, P. ; Scott, J. ; Scott, S. M. ; Searle, A. C. ; Sears, B. ; Seifert, F. ; Sellers, D. ; Sengupta, A. S. ; Sergeev, A. ; Shapiro, B. ; Shawhan, P. ; Shoemaker, D. H. ; Sibley, A. ; Siemens, X. ; Sigg, D. ; Sinha, S. ; Sintes, A. M. ; Slagmolen, B. J.J. ; Slutsky, J. ; Smith, J. R. ; Smith, M. R. ; Smith, N. D. ; Somiya, K. ; Sorazu, B. ; Stein, A. ; Stein, L. C. ; Steplewski, S. ; Stochino, A. ; Stone, R. ; Strain, K. A. ; Strigin, S. ; Stroeer, A. ; Stuver, A. L. ; Summerscales, T. Z. ; Sun, K. X. ; Sung, M. ; Sutton, P. J. ; Szokoly, G. P. ; Talukder, D. ; Tang, L. ; Tanner, D. B. ; Tarabrin, S. P. ; Taylor, J. R. ; Taylor, R. ; Thacker, J. ; Thorne, K. A. ; Thüring, A. ; Tokmakov, K. V. ; Torres, C. ; Torrie, C. ; Traylor, G. ; Trias, M. ; Ugolini, D. ; Ulmen, J. ; Urbanek, K. ; Vahlbruch, H. ; Vallisneri, M. ; Broeck, C. Van Den ; Van Der Sluys, M. V. ; Van Veggel, A. A. ; Vass, S. ; Vaulin, R. ; Vecchio, A. ; Veitch, J. ; Veitch, P. ; Veltkamp, C. ; Villar, A. ; Vorvick, C. ; Vyachanin, S. P. ; Waldman, S. J. ; Wallace, L. ; Ward, R. L. ; Weidner, A. ; Weinert, M. ; Weinstein, A. J. ; Weiss, R. ; Wen, L. ; Wen, S. ; Wette, K. ; Whelan, J. T. ; Whitcomb, S. E. ; Whiting, B. F. ; Wilkinson, C. ; Willems, P. A. ; Williams, H. R. ; Williams, L. ; Willke, B. ; Wilmut, I. ; Winkelmann, L. ; Winkler, W. ; Wipf, C. C. ; Wiseman, A. G. ; Woan, G. ; Wooley, R. ; Worden, J. ; Wu, W. ; Yakushin, I. ; Yamamoto, H. ; Yan, Z. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zanolin, M. ; Zhang, J. ; Zhang, L. ; Zhao, C. ; Zotov, N. ; Zucker, M. E. ; Mühlen, H. Zur ; Zweizig, J. / LIGO : The laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory. In: Reports on Progress in Physics. 2009 ; Vol. 72, No. 7.
@article{ee71ac396bf4449f8adc14f7c7726ba9,
title = "LIGO: The laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory",
abstract = "The goal of the Laser Interferometric Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is to detect and study gravitational waves (GWs) of astrophysical origin. Direct detection of GWs holds the promise of testing general relativity in the strong-field regime, of providing a new probe of exotic objects such as black holes and neutron stars and of uncovering unanticipated new astrophysics. LIGO, a joint Caltech-MIT project supported by the National Science Foundation, operates three multi-kilometer interferometers at two widely separated sites in the United States. These detectors are the result of decades of worldwide technology development, design, construction and commissioning. They are now operating at their design sensitivity, and are sensitive to gravitational wave strains smaller than one part in 1021. With this unprecedented sensitivity, the data are being analyzed to detect or place limits on GWs from a variety of potential astrophysical sources.",
author = "Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and R. Adhikari and P. Ajith and B. Allen and G. Allen and Amin, {R. S.} and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and Arain, {M. A.} and M. Araya and H. Armandula and P. Armor and Y. Aso and S. Aston and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and S. Babak and P. Baker and S. Ballmer and C. Barker and D. Barker and B. Barr and P. Barriga and L. Barsotti and Barton, {M. A.} and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and M. Bastarrika and B. Behnke and M. Benacquista and J. Betzwieser and Beyersdorf, {P. T.} and Bilenko, {I. A.} and G. Billingsley and R. Biswas and E. Black and Blackburn, {J. K.} and L. Blackburn and D. Blair and B. Bland and Bodiya, {T. P.} and L. Bogue and R. Bork and V. Boschi and S. Bose and Brady, {P. R.} and Braginsky, {V. B.} and Brau, {J. E.} and Bridges, {D. O.} and M. Brinkmann and Brooks, {A. F.} and Brown, {D. A.} and A. Brummit and G. Brunet and A. Bullington and A. Buonanno and O. Burmeister and Byer, {R. L.} and L. Cadonati and Camp, {J. B.} and J. Cannizzo and Cannon, {K. C.} and J. Cao and L. Cardenas and S. Caride and G. Castaldi and S. Caudill and M. Cavagli and C. Cepeda and T. Chalermsongsak and E. Chalkley and P. Charlton and S. Chatterji and S. Chelkowski and Y. Chen and N. Christensen and Chung, {C. T.Y.} and D. Clark and J. Clark and Clayton, {J. H.} and T. Cokelaer and Colacino, {C. N.} and R. Conte and D. Cook and Corbitt, {T. R.C.} and N. Cornish and D. Coward and Coyne, {D. C.} and Creighton, {J. D.E.} and Creighton, {T. D.} and Cruise, {A. M.} and Culter, {R. M.} and A. Cumming and L. Cunningham and Danilishin, {S. L.} and K. Danzmann and B. Daudert and G. Davies and Daw, {E. J.} and D. Debra and J. Degallaix and V. Dergachev and S. Desai and R. Desalvo and S. Dhurandhar and M. D{\'i}az and A. Dietz and F. Donovan and Dooley, {K. L.} and Doomes, {E. E.} and Drever, {R. W.P.} and J. Dueck and I. Duke and Dumas, {J. C.} and Dwyer, {J. G.} and C. Echols and M. Edgar and A. Effler and P. Ehrens and E. Espinoza and T. Etzel and M. Evans and T. Evans and S. Fairhurst and Y. Faltas and Y. Fan and D. Fazi and H. Fehrmenn and Finn, {L. S.} and K. Flasch and S. Foley and C. Forrest and N. Fotopoulos and A. Franzen and M. Frede and M. Frei and Z. Frei and A. Freise and R. Frey and T. Fricke and P. Fritschel and Frolov, {V. V.} and M. Fyffe and V. Galdi and Garofoli, {J. A.} and I. Gholami and Giaime, {J. A.} and S. Giampanis and Giardina, {K. D.} and K. Goda and E. Goetz and Goggin, {L. M.} and G. Gonzlez and Gorodetsky, {M. L.} and S. Goler and R. Gouaty and A. Grant and S. Gras and C. Gray and M. Gray and Greenhalgh, {R. J.S.} and Gretarsson, {A. M.} and F. Grimaldi and R. Grosso and H. Grote and S. Grunewald and M. Guenther and Gustafson, {E. K.} and R. Gustafson and B. Hage and Hallam, {J. M.} and D. Hammer and Hammond, {G. D.} and C. Hanna and J. Hanson and J. Harms and Harry, {G. M.} and Harry, {I. W.} and Harstad, {E. D.} and K. Haughian and K. Hayama and J. Heefner and Heng, {I. S.} and A. Heptonstall and M. Hewitson and S. Hild and E. Hirose and D. Hoak and Hodge, {K. A.} and K. Holt and Hosken, {D. J.} and J. Hough and D. Hoyland and B. Hughey and Huttner, {S. H.} and Ingram, {D. R.} and T. Isogai and M. Ito and A. Ivanov and B. Johnson and Johnson, {W. W.} and Jones, {D. I.} and G. Jones and R. Jones and L. Ju and P. Kalmus and V. Kalogera and S. Kandhasamy and J. Kanner and D. Kasprzyk and E. Katsavounidis and K. Kawabe and S. Kawamura and F. Kawazoe and W. Kells and Keppel, {D. G.} and A. Khalaidovski and Khalili, {F. Y.} and R. Khan and E. Khazanov and P. King and Kissel, {J. S.} and S. Klimenko and K. Kokeyama and V. Kondrashov and R. Kopparapu and S. Koranda and D. Kozak and B. Krishnan and R. Kumar and P. Kwee and Lam, {P. K.} and M. Landry and B. Lantz and A. Lazzarini and H. Lei and M. Lei and N. Leindecker and I. Leonor and C. Li and H. Lin and Lindquist, {P. E.} and Littenberg, {T. B.} and Lockerbie, {N. A.} and D. Lodhia and M. Longo and M. Lormand and P. Lu and M. Lubinski and A. Lucianetti and H. L{\"u}ck and B. MacHenschalk and M. MacInnis and M. Mageswaran and K. Mailand and I. Mandel and V. Mandic and S. Mrka and Z. Mrka and A. Markosyan and J. Markowitz and E. Maros and Martin, {I. W.} and Martin, {R. M.} and Marx, {J. N.} and K. Mason and F. Matichard and L. Matone and Matzner, {R. A.} and N. Mavalvala and R. McCarthy and McClelland, {D. E.} and McGuire, {S. C.} and M. McHugh and G. McIntyre and McKechan, {D. J.A.} and K. McKenzie and M. Mehmet and A. Melatos and Melissinos, {A. C.} and Men{\'e}ndez, {D. F.} and G. Mendell and Mercer, {R. A.} and S. Meshkov and C. Messenger and Meyer, {M. S.} and J. Miller and J. Minelli and Y. Mino and Mitrofanov, {V. P.} and G. Mitselmakher and R. Mittleman and O. Miyakawa and B. Moe and Mohanty, {S. D.} and Mohapatra, {S. R.P.} and G. Moreno and T. Morioka and K. Mors and K. Mossavi and C. Mowlowry and G. Mueller and H. M{\"u}ller-Ebhardt and D. Muhammad and S. Mukherjee and H. Mukhopadhyay and A. Mullavey and J. Munch and Murray, {P. G.} and E. Myers and J. Myers and T. Nash and J. Nelson and G. Newton and A. Nishizawa and K. Numata and J. O'Dell and B. O'Reilly and R. O'Shaughnessy and E. Ochsner and Ogin, {G. H.} and Ottaway, {D. J.} and Ottens, {R. S.} and H. Overmier and Owen, {B. J.} and Y. Pan and C. Pankow and Papa, {M. A.} and V. Parameshwaraiah and P. Patel and M. Pedraza and S. Penn and A. Perraca and V. Pierro and Pinto, {I. M.} and M. Pitkin and Pletsch, {H. J.} and Plissi, {M. V.} and F. Postiglione and M. Principe and R. Prix and L. Prokhorov and O. Punken and V. Quetschke and Raab, {F. J.} and Rabeling, {D. S.} and H. Radkins and P. Raffai and Z. Raics and N. Rainer and M. Rakhmanov and V. Raymond and Reed, {C. M.} and T. Reed and H. Rehbein and S. Reid and Reitze, {D. H.} and R. Riesen and K. Riles and B. Rivera and P. Roberts and Robertson, {N. A.} and C. Robinson and Robinson, {E. L.} and S. Roddy and C. R{\"o}ver and J. Rollins and Romano, {J. D.} and Romie, {J. H.} and S. Rowan and A. R{\"u}diger and P. Russell and K. Ryan and S. Sakata and {De La Jordana}, {L. Sancho} and V. Sandberg and V. Sannibale and L. Santamar{\'i}a and S. Saraf and P. Sarin and Sathyaprakash, {B. S.} and S. Sato and M. Satterthwaite and Saulson, {P. R.} and R. Savage and P. Savov and M. Scanlan and R. Schilling and R. Schnabel and R. Schofield and B. Schulz and Schutz, {B. F.} and P. Schwinberg and J. Scott and Scott, {S. M.} and Searle, {A. C.} and B. Sears and F. Seifert and D. Sellers and Sengupta, {A. S.} and A. Sergeev and B. Shapiro and P. Shawhan and Shoemaker, {D. H.} and A. Sibley and X. Siemens and D. Sigg and S. Sinha and Sintes, {A. M.} and Slagmolen, {B. J.J.} and J. Slutsky and Smith, {J. R.} and Smith, {M. R.} and Smith, {N. D.} and K. Somiya and B. Sorazu and A. Stein and Stein, {L. C.} and S. Steplewski and A. Stochino and R. Stone and Strain, {K. A.} and S. Strigin and A. Stroeer and Stuver, {A. L.} and Summerscales, {T. Z.} and Sun, {K. X.} and M. Sung and Sutton, {P. J.} and Szokoly, {G. P.} and D. Talukder and L. Tang and Tanner, {D. B.} and Tarabrin, {S. P.} and Taylor, {J. R.} and R. Taylor and J. Thacker and Thorne, {K. A.} and A. Th{\"u}ring and Tokmakov, {K. V.} and C. Torres and C. Torrie and G. Traylor and M. Trias and D. Ugolini and J. Ulmen and K. Urbanek and H. Vahlbruch and M. Vallisneri and Broeck, {C. Van Den} and {Van Der Sluys}, {M. V.} and {Van Veggel}, {A. A.} and S. Vass and R. Vaulin and A. Vecchio and J. Veitch and P. Veitch and C. Veltkamp and A. Villar and C. Vorvick and Vyachanin, {S. P.} and Waldman, {S. J.} and L. Wallace and Ward, {R. L.} and A. Weidner and M. Weinert and Weinstein, {A. J.} and R. Weiss and L. Wen and S. Wen and K. Wette and Whelan, {J. T.} and Whitcomb, {S. E.} and Whiting, {B. F.} and C. Wilkinson and Willems, {P. A.} and Williams, {H. R.} and L. Williams and B. Willke and I. Wilmut and L. Winkelmann and W. Winkler and Wipf, {C. C.} and Wiseman, {A. G.} and G. Woan and R. Wooley and J. Worden and W. Wu and I. Yakushin and H. Yamamoto and Z. Yan and S. Yoshida and M. Zanolin and J. Zhang and L. Zhang and C. Zhao and N. Zotov and Zucker, {M. E.} and M{\"u}hlen, {H. Zur} and J. Zweizig",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1088/0034-4885/72/7/076901",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
journal = "Reports on Progress in Physics",
issn = "0034-4885",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "7",

}

Abbott, BP, Abbott, R, Adhikari, R, Ajith, P, Allen, B, Allen, G, Amin, RS, Anderson, SB, Anderson, WG, Arain, MA, Araya, M, Armandula, H, Armor, P, Aso, Y, Aston, S, Aufmuth, P, Aulbert, C, Babak, S, Baker, P, Ballmer, S, Barker, C, Barker, D, Barr, B, Barriga, P, Barsotti, L, Barton, MA, Bartos, I, Bassiri, R, Bastarrika, M, Behnke, B, Benacquista, M, Betzwieser, J, Beyersdorf, PT, Bilenko, IA, Billingsley, G, Biswas, R, Black, E, Blackburn, JK, Blackburn, L, Blair, D, Bland, B, Bodiya, TP, Bogue, L, Bork, R, Boschi, V, Bose, S, Brady, PR, Braginsky, VB, Brau, JE, Bridges, DO, Brinkmann, M, Brooks, AF, Brown, DA, Brummit, A, Brunet, G, Bullington, A, Buonanno, A, Burmeister, O, Byer, RL, Cadonati, L, Camp, JB, Cannizzo, J, Cannon, KC, Cao, J, Cardenas, L, Caride, S, Castaldi, G, Caudill, S, Cavagli, M, Cepeda, C, Chalermsongsak, T, Chalkley, E, Charlton, P, Chatterji, S, Chelkowski, S, Chen, Y, Christensen, N, Chung, CTY, Clark, D, Clark, J, Clayton, JH, Cokelaer, T, Colacino, CN, Conte, R, Cook, D, Corbitt, TRC, Cornish, N, Coward, D, Coyne, DC, Creighton, JDE, Creighton, TD, Cruise, AM, Culter, RM, Cumming, A, Cunningham, L, Danilishin, SL, Danzmann, K, Daudert, B, Davies, G, Daw, EJ, Debra, D, Degallaix, J, Dergachev, V, Desai, S, Desalvo, R, Dhurandhar, S, Díaz, M, Dietz, A, Donovan, F, Dooley, KL, Doomes, EE, Drever, RWP, Dueck, J, Duke, I, Dumas, JC, Dwyer, JG, Echols, C, Edgar, M, Effler, A, Ehrens, P, Espinoza, E, Etzel, T, Evans, M, Evans, T, Fairhurst, S, Faltas, Y, Fan, Y, Fazi, D, Fehrmenn, H, Finn, LS, Flasch, K, Foley, S, Forrest, C, Fotopoulos, N, Franzen, A, Frede, M, Frei, M, Frei, Z, Freise, A, Frey, R, Fricke, T, Fritschel, P, Frolov, VV, Fyffe, M, Galdi, V, Garofoli, JA, Gholami, I, Giaime, JA, Giampanis, S, Giardina, KD, Goda, K, Goetz, E, Goggin, LM, Gonzlez, G, Gorodetsky, ML, Goler, S, Gouaty, R, Grant, A, Gras, S, Gray, C, Gray, M, Greenhalgh, RJS, Gretarsson, AM, Grimaldi, F, Grosso, R, Grote, H, Grunewald, S, Guenther, M, Gustafson, EK, Gustafson, R, Hage, B, Hallam, JM, Hammer, D, Hammond, GD, Hanna, C, Hanson, J, Harms, J, Harry, GM, Harry, IW, Harstad, ED, Haughian, K, Hayama, K, Heefner, J, Heng, IS, Heptonstall, A, Hewitson, M, Hild, S, Hirose, E, Hoak, D, Hodge, KA, Holt, K, Hosken, DJ, Hough, J, Hoyland, D, Hughey, B, Huttner, SH, Ingram, DR, Isogai, T, Ito, M, Ivanov, A, Johnson, B, Johnson, WW, Jones, DI, Jones, G, Jones, R, Ju, L, Kalmus, P, Kalogera, V, Kandhasamy, S, Kanner, J, Kasprzyk, D, Katsavounidis, E, Kawabe, K, Kawamura, S, Kawazoe, F, Kells, W, Keppel, DG, Khalaidovski, A, Khalili, FY, Khan, R, Khazanov, E, King, P, Kissel, JS, Klimenko, S, Kokeyama, K, Kondrashov, V, Kopparapu, R, Koranda, S, Kozak, D, Krishnan, B, Kumar, R, Kwee, P, Lam, PK, Landry, M, Lantz, B, Lazzarini, A, Lei, H, Lei, M, Leindecker, N, Leonor, I, Li, C, Lin, H, Lindquist, PE, Littenberg, TB, Lockerbie, NA, Lodhia, D, Longo, M, Lormand, M, Lu, P, Lubinski, M, Lucianetti, A, Lück, H, MacHenschalk, B, MacInnis, M, Mageswaran, M, Mailand, K, Mandel, I, Mandic, V, Mrka, S, Mrka, Z, Markosyan, A, Markowitz, J, Maros, E, Martin, IW, Martin, RM, Marx, JN, Mason, K, Matichard, F, Matone, L, Matzner, RA, Mavalvala, N, McCarthy, R, McClelland, DE, McGuire, SC, McHugh, M, McIntyre, G, McKechan, DJA, McKenzie, K, Mehmet, M, Melatos, A, Melissinos, AC, Menéndez, DF, Mendell, G, Mercer, RA, Meshkov, S, Messenger, C, Meyer, MS, Miller, J, Minelli, J, Mino, Y, Mitrofanov, VP, Mitselmakher, G, Mittleman, R, Miyakawa, O, Moe, B, Mohanty, SD, Mohapatra, SRP, Moreno, G, Morioka, T, Mors, K, Mossavi, K, Mowlowry, C, Mueller, G, Müller-Ebhardt, H, Muhammad, D, Mukherjee, S, Mukhopadhyay, H, Mullavey, A, Munch, J, Murray, PG, Myers, E, Myers, J, Nash, T, Nelson, J, Newton, G, Nishizawa, A, Numata, K, O'Dell, J, O'Reilly, B, O'Shaughnessy, R, Ochsner, E, Ogin, GH, Ottaway, DJ, Ottens, RS, Overmier, H, Owen, BJ, Pan, Y, Pankow, C, Papa, MA, Parameshwaraiah, V, Patel, P, Pedraza, M, Penn, S, Perraca, A, Pierro, V, Pinto, IM, Pitkin, M, Pletsch, HJ, Plissi, MV, Postiglione, F, Principe, M, Prix, R, Prokhorov, L, Punken, O, Quetschke, V, Raab, FJ, Rabeling, DS, Radkins, H, Raffai, P, Raics, Z, Rainer, N, Rakhmanov, M, Raymond, V, Reed, CM, Reed, T, Rehbein, H, Reid, S, Reitze, DH, Riesen, R, Riles, K, Rivera, B, Roberts, P, Robertson, NA, Robinson, C, Robinson, EL, Roddy, S, Röver, C, Rollins, J, Romano, JD, Romie, JH, Rowan, S, Rüdiger, A, Russell, P, Ryan, K, Sakata, S, De La Jordana, LS, Sandberg, V, Sannibale, V, Santamaría, L, Saraf, S, Sarin, P, Sathyaprakash, BS, Sato, S, Satterthwaite, M, Saulson, PR, Savage, R, Savov, P, Scanlan, M, Schilling, R, Schnabel, R, Schofield, R, Schulz, B, Schutz, BF, Schwinberg, P, Scott, J, Scott, SM, Searle, AC, Sears, B, Seifert, F, Sellers, D, Sengupta, AS, Sergeev, A, Shapiro, B, Shawhan, P, Shoemaker, DH, Sibley, A, Siemens, X, Sigg, D, Sinha, S, Sintes, AM, Slagmolen, BJJ, Slutsky, J, Smith, JR, Smith, MR, Smith, ND, Somiya, K, Sorazu, B, Stein, A, Stein, LC, Steplewski, S, Stochino, A, Stone, R, Strain, KA, Strigin, S, Stroeer, A, Stuver, AL, Summerscales, TZ, Sun, KX, Sung, M, Sutton, PJ, Szokoly, GP, Talukder, D, Tang, L, Tanner, DB, Tarabrin, SP, Taylor, JR, Taylor, R, Thacker, J, Thorne, KA, Thüring, A, Tokmakov, KV, Torres, C, Torrie, C, Traylor, G, Trias, M, Ugolini, D, Ulmen, J, Urbanek, K, Vahlbruch, H, Vallisneri, M, Broeck, CVD, Van Der Sluys, MV, Van Veggel, AA, Vass, S, Vaulin, R, Vecchio, A, Veitch, J, Veitch, P, Veltkamp, C, Villar, A, Vorvick, C, Vyachanin, SP, Waldman, SJ, Wallace, L, Ward, RL, Weidner, A, Weinert, M, Weinstein, AJ, Weiss, R, Wen, L, Wen, S, Wette, K, Whelan, JT, Whitcomb, SE, Whiting, BF, Wilkinson, C, Willems, PA, Williams, HR, Williams, L, Willke, B, Wilmut, I, Winkelmann, L, Winkler, W, Wipf, CC, Wiseman, AG, Woan, G, Wooley, R, Worden, J, Wu, W, Yakushin, I, Yamamoto, H, Yan, Z, Yoshida, S, Zanolin, M, Zhang, J, Zhang, L, Zhao, C, Zotov, N, Zucker, ME, Mühlen, HZ & Zweizig, J 2009, 'LIGO: The laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory', Reports on Progress in Physics, vol. 72, no. 7, 076901. https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/72/7/076901

LIGO : The laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory. / Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Adhikari, R.; Ajith, P.; Allen, B.; Allen, G.; Amin, R. S.; Anderson, S. B.; Anderson, W. G.; Arain, M. A.; Araya, M.; Armandula, H.; Armor, P.; Aso, Y.; Aston, S.; Aufmuth, P.; Aulbert, C.; Babak, S.; Baker, P.; Ballmer, S.; Barker, C.; Barker, D.; Barr, B.; Barriga, P.; Barsotti, L.; Barton, M. A.; Bartos, I.; Bassiri, R.; Bastarrika, M.; Behnke, B.; Benacquista, M.; Betzwieser, J.; Beyersdorf, P. T.; Bilenko, I. A.; Billingsley, G.; Biswas, R.; Black, E.; Blackburn, J. K.; Blackburn, L.; Blair, D.; Bland, B.; Bodiya, T. P.; Bogue, L.; Bork, R.; Boschi, V.; Bose, S.; Brady, P. R.; Braginsky, V. B.; Brau, J. E.; Bridges, D. O.; Brinkmann, M.; Brooks, A. F.; Brown, D. A.; Brummit, A.; Brunet, G.; Bullington, A.; Buonanno, A.; Burmeister, O.; Byer, R. L.; Cadonati, L.; Camp, J. B.; Cannizzo, J.; Cannon, K. C.; Cao, J.; Cardenas, L.; Caride, S.; Castaldi, G.; Caudill, S.; Cavagli, M.; Cepeda, C.; Chalermsongsak, T.; Chalkley, E.; Charlton, P.; Chatterji, S.; Chelkowski, S.; Chen, Y.; Christensen, N.; Chung, C. T.Y.; Clark, D.; Clark, J.; Clayton, J. H.; Cokelaer, T.; Colacino, C. N.; Conte, R.; Cook, D.; Corbitt, T. R.C.; Cornish, N.; Coward, D.; Coyne, D. C.; Creighton, J. D.E.; Creighton, T. D.; Cruise, A. M.; Culter, R. M.; Cumming, A.; Cunningham, L.; Danilishin, S. L.; Danzmann, K.; Daudert, B.; Davies, G.; Daw, E. J.; Debra, D.; Degallaix, J.; Dergachev, V.; Desai, S.; Desalvo, R.; Dhurandhar, S.; Díaz, M.; Dietz, A.; Donovan, F.; Dooley, K. L.; Doomes, E. E.; Drever, R. W.P.; Dueck, J.; Duke, I.; Dumas, J. C.; Dwyer, J. G.; Echols, C.; Edgar, M.; Effler, A.; Ehrens, P.; Espinoza, E.; Etzel, T.; Evans, M.; Evans, T.; Fairhurst, S.; Faltas, Y.; Fan, Y.; Fazi, D.; Fehrmenn, H.; Finn, L. S.; Flasch, K.; Foley, S.; Forrest, C.; Fotopoulos, N.; Franzen, A.; Frede, M.; Frei, M.; Frei, Z.; Freise, A.; Frey, R.; Fricke, T.; Fritschel, P.; Frolov, V. V.; Fyffe, M.; Galdi, V.; Garofoli, J. A.; Gholami, I.; Giaime, J. A.; Giampanis, S.; Giardina, K. D.; Goda, K.; Goetz, E.; Goggin, L. M.; Gonzlez, G.; Gorodetsky, M. L.; Goler, S.; Gouaty, R.; Grant, A.; Gras, S.; Gray, C.; Gray, M.; Greenhalgh, R. J.S.; Gretarsson, A. M.; Grimaldi, F.; Grosso, R.; Grote, H.; Grunewald, S.; Guenther, M.; Gustafson, E. K.; Gustafson, R.; Hage, B.; Hallam, J. M.; Hammer, D.; Hammond, G. D.; Hanna, C.; Hanson, J.; Harms, J.; Harry, G. M.; Harry, I. W.; Harstad, E. D.; Haughian, K.; Hayama, K.; Heefner, J.; Heng, I. S.; Heptonstall, A.; Hewitson, M.; Hild, S.; Hirose, E.; Hoak, D.; Hodge, K. A.; Holt, K.; Hosken, D. J.; Hough, J.; Hoyland, D.; Hughey, B.; Huttner, S. H.; Ingram, D. R.; Isogai, T.; Ito, M.; Ivanov, A.; Johnson, B.; Johnson, W. W.; Jones, D. I.; Jones, G.; Jones, R.; Ju, L.; Kalmus, P.; Kalogera, V.; Kandhasamy, S.; Kanner, J.; Kasprzyk, D.; Katsavounidis, E.; Kawabe, K.; Kawamura, S.; Kawazoe, F.; Kells, W.; Keppel, D. G.; Khalaidovski, A.; Khalili, F. Y.; Khan, R.; Khazanov, E.; King, P.; Kissel, J. S.; Klimenko, S.; Kokeyama, K.; Kondrashov, V.; Kopparapu, R.; Koranda, S.; Kozak, D.; Krishnan, B.; Kumar, R.; Kwee, P.; Lam, P. K.; Landry, M.; Lantz, B.; Lazzarini, A.; Lei, H.; Lei, M.; Leindecker, N.; Leonor, I.; Li, C.; Lin, H.; Lindquist, P. E.; Littenberg, T. B.; Lockerbie, N. A.; Lodhia, D.; Longo, M.; Lormand, M.; Lu, P.; Lubinski, M.; Lucianetti, A.; Lück, H.; MacHenschalk, B.; MacInnis, M.; Mageswaran, M.; Mailand, K.; Mandel, I.; Mandic, V.; Mrka, S.; Mrka, Z.; Markosyan, A.; Markowitz, J.; Maros, E.; Martin, I. W.; Martin, R. M.; Marx, J. N.; Mason, K.; Matichard, F.; Matone, L.; Matzner, R. A.; Mavalvala, N.; McCarthy, R.; McClelland, D. E.; McGuire, S. C.; McHugh, M.; McIntyre, G.; McKechan, D. J.A.; McKenzie, K.; Mehmet, M.; Melatos, A.; Melissinos, A. C.; Menéndez, D. F.; Mendell, G.; Mercer, R. A.; Meshkov, S.; Messenger, C.; Meyer, M. S.; Miller, J.; Minelli, J.; Mino, Y.; Mitrofanov, V. P.; Mitselmakher, G.; Mittleman, R.; Miyakawa, O.; Moe, B.; Mohanty, S. D.; Mohapatra, S. R.P.; Moreno, G.; Morioka, T.; Mors, K.; Mossavi, K.; Mowlowry, C.; Mueller, G.; Müller-Ebhardt, H.; Muhammad, D.; Mukherjee, S.; Mukhopadhyay, H.; Mullavey, A.; Munch, J.; Murray, P. G.; Myers, E.; Myers, J.; Nash, T.; Nelson, J.; Newton, G.; Nishizawa, A.; Numata, K.; O'Dell, J.; O'Reilly, B.; O'Shaughnessy, R.; Ochsner, E.; Ogin, G. H.; Ottaway, D. J.; Ottens, R. S.; Overmier, H.; Owen, B. J.; Pan, Y.; Pankow, C.; Papa, M. A.; Parameshwaraiah, V.; Patel, P.; Pedraza, M.; Penn, S.; Perraca, A.; Pierro, V.; Pinto, I. M.; Pitkin, M.; Pletsch, H. J.; Plissi, M. V.; Postiglione, F.; Principe, M.; Prix, R.; Prokhorov, L.; Punken, O.; Quetschke, V.; Raab, F. J.; Rabeling, D. S.; Radkins, H.; Raffai, P.; Raics, Z.; Rainer, N.; Rakhmanov, M.; Raymond, V.; Reed, C. M.; Reed, T.; Rehbein, H.; Reid, S.; Reitze, D. H.; Riesen, R.; Riles, K.; Rivera, B.; Roberts, P.; Robertson, N. A.; Robinson, C.; Robinson, E. L.; Roddy, S.; Röver, C.; Rollins, J.; Romano, J. D.; Romie, J. H.; Rowan, S.; Rüdiger, A.; Russell, P.; Ryan, K.; Sakata, S.; De La Jordana, L. Sancho; Sandberg, V.; Sannibale, V.; Santamaría, L.; Saraf, S.; Sarin, P.; Sathyaprakash, B. S.; Sato, S.; Satterthwaite, M.; Saulson, P. R.; Savage, R.; Savov, P.; Scanlan, M.; Schilling, R.; Schnabel, R.; Schofield, R.; Schulz, B.; Schutz, B. F.; Schwinberg, P.; Scott, J.; Scott, S. M.; Searle, A. C.; Sears, B.; Seifert, F.; Sellers, D.; Sengupta, A. S.; Sergeev, A.; Shapiro, B.; Shawhan, P.; Shoemaker, D. H.; Sibley, A.; Siemens, X.; Sigg, D.; Sinha, S.; Sintes, A. M.; Slagmolen, B. J.J.; Slutsky, J.; Smith, J. R.; Smith, M. R.; Smith, N. D.; Somiya, K.; Sorazu, B.; Stein, A.; Stein, L. C.; Steplewski, S.; Stochino, A.; Stone, R.; Strain, K. A.; Strigin, S.; Stroeer, A.; Stuver, A. L.; Summerscales, T. Z.; Sun, K. X.; Sung, M.; Sutton, P. J.; Szokoly, G. P.; Talukder, D.; Tang, L.; Tanner, D. B.; Tarabrin, S. P.; Taylor, J. R.; Taylor, R.; Thacker, J.; Thorne, K. A.; Thüring, A.; Tokmakov, K. V.; Torres, C.; Torrie, C.; Traylor, G.; Trias, M.; Ugolini, D.; Ulmen, J.; Urbanek, K.; Vahlbruch, H.; Vallisneri, M.; Broeck, C. Van Den; Van Der Sluys, M. V.; Van Veggel, A. A.; Vass, S.; Vaulin, R.; Vecchio, A.; Veitch, J.; Veitch, P.; Veltkamp, C.; Villar, A.; Vorvick, C.; Vyachanin, S. P.; Waldman, S. J.; Wallace, L.; Ward, R. L.; Weidner, A.; Weinert, M.; Weinstein, A. J.; Weiss, R.; Wen, L.; Wen, S.; Wette, K.; Whelan, J. T.; Whitcomb, S. E.; Whiting, B. F.; Wilkinson, C.; Willems, P. A.; Williams, H. R.; Williams, L.; Willke, B.; Wilmut, I.; Winkelmann, L.; Winkler, W.; Wipf, C. C.; Wiseman, A. G.; Woan, G.; Wooley, R.; Worden, J.; Wu, W.; Yakushin, I.; Yamamoto, H.; Yan, Z.; Yoshida, S.; Zanolin, M.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, C.; Zotov, N.; Zucker, M. E.; Mühlen, H. Zur; Zweizig, J.

In: Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 72, No. 7, 076901, 01.01.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - LIGO

T2 - The laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Adhikari, R.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Allen, G.

AU - Amin, R. S.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Anderson, W. G.

AU - Arain, M. A.

AU - Araya, M.

AU - Armandula, H.

AU - Armor, P.

AU - Aso, Y.

AU - Aston, S.

AU - Aufmuth, P.

AU - Aulbert, C.

AU - Babak, S.

AU - Baker, P.

AU - Ballmer, S.

AU - Barker, C.

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barriga, P.

AU - Barsotti, L.

AU - Barton, M. A.

AU - Bartos, I.

AU - Bassiri, R.

AU - Bastarrika, M.

AU - Behnke, B.

AU - Benacquista, M.

AU - Betzwieser, J.

AU - Beyersdorf, P. T.

AU - Bilenko, I. A.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Biswas, R.

AU - Black, E.

AU - Blackburn, J. K.

AU - Blackburn, L.

AU - Blair, D.

AU - Bland, B.

AU - Bodiya, T. P.

AU - Bogue, L.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Boschi, V.

AU - Bose, S.

AU - Brady, P. R.

AU - Braginsky, V. B.

AU - Brau, J. E.

AU - Bridges, D. O.

AU - Brinkmann, M.

AU - Brooks, A. F.

AU - Brown, D. A.

AU - Brummit, A.

AU - Brunet, G.

AU - Bullington, A.

AU - Buonanno, A.

AU - Burmeister, O.

AU - Byer, R. L.

AU - Cadonati, L.

AU - Camp, J. B.

AU - Cannizzo, J.

AU - Cannon, K. C.

AU - Cao, J.

AU - Cardenas, L.

AU - Caride, S.

AU - Castaldi, G.

AU - Caudill, S.

AU - Cavagli, M.

AU - Cepeda, C.

AU - Chalermsongsak, T.

AU - Chalkley, E.

AU - Charlton, P.

AU - Chatterji, S.

AU - Chelkowski, S.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Christensen, N.

AU - Chung, C. T.Y.

AU - Clark, D.

AU - Clark, J.

AU - Clayton, J. H.

AU - Cokelaer, T.

AU - Colacino, C. N.

AU - Conte, R.

AU - Cook, D.

AU - Corbitt, T. R.C.

AU - Cornish, N.

AU - Coward, D.

AU - Coyne, D. C.

AU - Creighton, J. D.E.

AU - Creighton, T. D.

AU - Cruise, A. M.

AU - Culter, R. M.

AU - Cumming, A.

AU - Cunningham, L.

AU - Danilishin, S. L.

AU - Danzmann, K.

AU - Daudert, B.

AU - Davies, G.

AU - Daw, E. J.

AU - Debra, D.

AU - Degallaix, J.

AU - Dergachev, V.

AU - Desai, S.

AU - Desalvo, R.

AU - Dhurandhar, S.

AU - Díaz, M.

AU - Dietz, A.

AU - Donovan, F.

AU - Dooley, K. L.

AU - Doomes, E. E.

AU - Drever, R. W.P.

AU - Dueck, J.

AU - Duke, I.

AU - Dumas, J. C.

AU - Dwyer, J. G.

AU - Echols, C.

AU - Edgar, M.

AU - Effler, A.

AU - Ehrens, P.

AU - Espinoza, E.

AU - Etzel, T.

AU - Evans, M.

AU - Evans, T.

AU - Fairhurst, S.

AU - Faltas, Y.

AU - Fan, Y.

AU - Fazi, D.

AU - Fehrmenn, H.

AU - Finn, L. S.

AU - Flasch, K.

AU - Foley, S.

AU - Forrest, C.

AU - Fotopoulos, N.

AU - Franzen, A.

AU - Frede, M.

AU - Frei, M.

AU - Frei, Z.

AU - Freise, A.

AU - Frey, R.

AU - Fricke, T.

AU - Fritschel, P.

AU - Frolov, V. V.

AU - Fyffe, M.

AU - Galdi, V.

AU - Garofoli, J. A.

AU - Gholami, I.

AU - Giaime, J. A.

AU - Giampanis, S.

AU - Giardina, K. D.

AU - Goda, K.

AU - Goetz, E.

AU - Goggin, L. M.

AU - Gonzlez, G.

AU - Gorodetsky, M. L.

AU - Goler, S.

AU - Gouaty, R.

AU - Grant, A.

AU - Gras, S.

AU - Gray, C.

AU - Gray, M.

AU - Greenhalgh, R. J.S.

AU - Gretarsson, A. M.

AU - Grimaldi, F.

AU - Grosso, R.

AU - Grote, H.

AU - Grunewald, S.

AU - Guenther, M.

AU - Gustafson, E. K.

AU - Gustafson, R.

AU - Hage, B.

AU - Hallam, J. M.

AU - Hammer, D.

AU - Hammond, G. D.

AU - Hanna, C.

AU - Hanson, J.

AU - Harms, J.

AU - Harry, G. M.

AU - Harry, I. W.

AU - Harstad, E. D.

AU - Haughian, K.

AU - Hayama, K.

AU - Heefner, J.

AU - Heng, I. S.

AU - Heptonstall, A.

AU - Hewitson, M.

AU - Hild, S.

AU - Hirose, E.

AU - Hoak, D.

AU - Hodge, K. A.

AU - Holt, K.

AU - Hosken, D. J.

AU - Hough, J.

AU - Hoyland, D.

AU - Hughey, B.

AU - Huttner, S. H.

AU - Ingram, D. R.

AU - Isogai, T.

AU - Ito, M.

AU - Ivanov, A.

AU - Johnson, B.

AU - Johnson, W. W.

AU - Jones, D. I.

AU - Jones, G.

AU - Jones, R.

AU - Ju, L.

AU - Kalmus, P.

AU - Kalogera, V.

AU - Kandhasamy, S.

AU - Kanner, J.

AU - Kasprzyk, D.

AU - Katsavounidis, E.

AU - Kawabe, K.

AU - Kawamura, S.

AU - Kawazoe, F.

AU - Kells, W.

AU - Keppel, D. G.

AU - Khalaidovski, A.

AU - Khalili, F. Y.

AU - Khan, R.

AU - Khazanov, E.

AU - King, P.

AU - Kissel, J. S.

AU - Klimenko, S.

AU - Kokeyama, K.

AU - Kondrashov, V.

AU - Kopparapu, R.

AU - Koranda, S.

AU - Kozak, D.

AU - Krishnan, B.

AU - Kumar, R.

AU - Kwee, P.

AU - Lam, P. K.

AU - Landry, M.

AU - Lantz, B.

AU - Lazzarini, A.

AU - Lei, H.

AU - Lei, M.

AU - Leindecker, N.

AU - Leonor, I.

AU - Li, C.

AU - Lin, H.

AU - Lindquist, P. E.

AU - Littenberg, T. B.

AU - Lockerbie, N. A.

AU - Lodhia, D.

AU - Longo, M.

AU - Lormand, M.

AU - Lu, P.

AU - Lubinski, M.

AU - Lucianetti, A.

AU - Lück, H.

AU - MacHenschalk, B.

AU - MacInnis, M.

AU - Mageswaran, M.

AU - Mailand, K.

AU - Mandel, I.

AU - Mandic, V.

AU - Mrka, S.

AU - Mrka, Z.

AU - Markosyan, A.

AU - Markowitz, J.

AU - Maros, E.

AU - Martin, I. W.

AU - Martin, R. M.

AU - Marx, J. N.

AU - Mason, K.

AU - Matichard, F.

AU - Matone, L.

AU - Matzner, R. A.

AU - Mavalvala, N.

AU - McCarthy, R.

AU - McClelland, D. E.

AU - McGuire, S. C.

AU - McHugh, M.

AU - McIntyre, G.

AU - McKechan, D. J.A.

AU - McKenzie, K.

AU - Mehmet, M.

AU - Melatos, A.

AU - Melissinos, A. C.

AU - Menéndez, D. F.

AU - Mendell, G.

AU - Mercer, R. A.

AU - Meshkov, S.

AU - Messenger, C.

AU - Meyer, M. S.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Minelli, J.

AU - Mino, Y.

AU - Mitrofanov, V. P.

AU - Mitselmakher, G.

AU - Mittleman, R.

AU - Miyakawa, O.

AU - Moe, B.

AU - Mohanty, S. D.

AU - Mohapatra, S. R.P.

AU - Moreno, G.

AU - Morioka, T.

AU - Mors, K.

AU - Mossavi, K.

AU - Mowlowry, C.

AU - Mueller, G.

AU - Müller-Ebhardt, H.

AU - Muhammad, D.

AU - Mukherjee, S.

AU - Mukhopadhyay, H.

AU - Mullavey, A.

AU - Munch, J.

AU - Murray, P. G.

AU - Myers, E.

AU - Myers, J.

AU - Nash, T.

AU - Nelson, J.

AU - Newton, G.

AU - Nishizawa, A.

AU - Numata, K.

AU - O'Dell, J.

AU - O'Reilly, B.

AU - O'Shaughnessy, R.

AU - Ochsner, E.

AU - Ogin, G. H.

AU - Ottaway, D. J.

AU - Ottens, R. S.

AU - Overmier, H.

AU - Owen, B. J.

AU - Pan, Y.

AU - Pankow, C.

AU - Papa, M. A.

AU - Parameshwaraiah, V.

AU - Patel, P.

AU - Pedraza, M.

AU - Penn, S.

AU - Perraca, A.

AU - Pierro, V.

AU - Pinto, I. M.

AU - Pitkin, M.

AU - Pletsch, H. J.

AU - Plissi, M. V.

AU - Postiglione, F.

AU - Principe, M.

AU - Prix, R.

AU - Prokhorov, L.

AU - Punken, O.

AU - Quetschke, V.

AU - Raab, F. J.

AU - Rabeling, D. S.

AU - Radkins, H.

AU - Raffai, P.

AU - Raics, Z.

AU - Rainer, N.

AU - Rakhmanov, M.

AU - Raymond, V.

AU - Reed, C. M.

AU - Reed, T.

AU - Rehbein, H.

AU - Reid, S.

AU - Reitze, D. H.

AU - Riesen, R.

AU - Riles, K.

AU - Rivera, B.

AU - Roberts, P.

AU - Robertson, N. A.

AU - Robinson, C.

AU - Robinson, E. L.

AU - Roddy, S.

AU - Röver, C.

AU - Rollins, J.

AU - Romano, J. D.

AU - Romie, J. H.

AU - Rowan, S.

AU - Rüdiger, A.

AU - Russell, P.

AU - Ryan, K.

AU - Sakata, S.

AU - De La Jordana, L. Sancho

AU - Sandberg, V.

AU - Sannibale, V.

AU - Santamaría, L.

AU - Saraf, S.

AU - Sarin, P.

AU - Sathyaprakash, B. S.

AU - Sato, S.

AU - Satterthwaite, M.

AU - Saulson, P. R.

AU - Savage, R.

AU - Savov, P.

AU - Scanlan, M.

AU - Schilling, R.

AU - Schnabel, R.

AU - Schofield, R.

AU - Schulz, B.

AU - Schutz, B. F.

AU - Schwinberg, P.

AU - Scott, J.

AU - Scott, S. M.

AU - Searle, A. C.

AU - Sears, B.

AU - Seifert, F.

AU - Sellers, D.

AU - Sengupta, A. S.

AU - Sergeev, A.

AU - Shapiro, B.

AU - Shawhan, P.

AU - Shoemaker, D. H.

AU - Sibley, A.

AU - Siemens, X.

AU - Sigg, D.

AU - Sinha, S.

AU - Sintes, A. M.

AU - Slagmolen, B. J.J.

AU - Slutsky, J.

AU - Smith, J. R.

AU - Smith, M. R.

AU - Smith, N. D.

AU - Somiya, K.

AU - Sorazu, B.

AU - Stein, A.

AU - Stein, L. C.

AU - Steplewski, S.

AU - Stochino, A.

AU - Stone, R.

AU - Strain, K. A.

AU - Strigin, S.

AU - Stroeer, A.

AU - Stuver, A. L.

AU - Summerscales, T. Z.

AU - Sun, K. X.

AU - Sung, M.

AU - Sutton, P. J.

AU - Szokoly, G. P.

AU - Talukder, D.

AU - Tang, L.

AU - Tanner, D. B.

AU - Tarabrin, S. P.

AU - Taylor, J. R.

AU - Taylor, R.

AU - Thacker, J.

AU - Thorne, K. A.

AU - Thüring, A.

AU - Tokmakov, K. V.

AU - Torres, C.

AU - Torrie, C.

AU - Traylor, G.

AU - Trias, M.

AU - Ugolini, D.

AU - Ulmen, J.

AU - Urbanek, K.

AU - Vahlbruch, H.

AU - Vallisneri, M.

AU - Broeck, C. Van Den

AU - Van Der Sluys, M. V.

AU - Van Veggel, A. A.

AU - Vass, S.

AU - Vaulin, R.

AU - Vecchio, A.

AU - Veitch, J.

AU - Veitch, P.

AU - Veltkamp, C.

AU - Villar, A.

AU - Vorvick, C.

AU - Vyachanin, S. P.

AU - Waldman, S. J.

AU - Wallace, L.

AU - Ward, R. L.

AU - Weidner, A.

AU - Weinert, M.

AU - Weinstein, A. J.

AU - Weiss, R.

AU - Wen, L.

AU - Wen, S.

AU - Wette, K.

AU - Whelan, J. T.

AU - Whitcomb, S. E.

AU - Whiting, B. F.

AU - Wilkinson, C.

AU - Willems, P. A.

AU - Williams, H. R.

AU - Williams, L.

AU - Willke, B.

AU - Wilmut, I.

AU - Winkelmann, L.

AU - Winkler, W.

AU - Wipf, C. C.

AU - Wiseman, A. G.

AU - Woan, G.

AU - Wooley, R.

AU - Worden, J.

AU - Wu, W.

AU - Yakushin, I.

AU - Yamamoto, H.

AU - Yan, Z.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Zanolin, M.

AU - Zhang, J.

AU - Zhang, L.

AU - Zhao, C.

AU - Zotov, N.

AU - Zucker, M. E.

AU - Mühlen, H. Zur

AU - Zweizig, J.

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - The goal of the Laser Interferometric Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is to detect and study gravitational waves (GWs) of astrophysical origin. Direct detection of GWs holds the promise of testing general relativity in the strong-field regime, of providing a new probe of exotic objects such as black holes and neutron stars and of uncovering unanticipated new astrophysics. LIGO, a joint Caltech-MIT project supported by the National Science Foundation, operates three multi-kilometer interferometers at two widely separated sites in the United States. These detectors are the result of decades of worldwide technology development, design, construction and commissioning. They are now operating at their design sensitivity, and are sensitive to gravitational wave strains smaller than one part in 1021. With this unprecedented sensitivity, the data are being analyzed to detect or place limits on GWs from a variety of potential astrophysical sources.

AB - The goal of the Laser Interferometric Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is to detect and study gravitational waves (GWs) of astrophysical origin. Direct detection of GWs holds the promise of testing general relativity in the strong-field regime, of providing a new probe of exotic objects such as black holes and neutron stars and of uncovering unanticipated new astrophysics. LIGO, a joint Caltech-MIT project supported by the National Science Foundation, operates three multi-kilometer interferometers at two widely separated sites in the United States. These detectors are the result of decades of worldwide technology development, design, construction and commissioning. They are now operating at their design sensitivity, and are sensitive to gravitational wave strains smaller than one part in 1021. With this unprecedented sensitivity, the data are being analyzed to detect or place limits on GWs from a variety of potential astrophysical sources.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67949088671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0034-4885/72/7/076901

DO - 10.1088/0034-4885/72/7/076901

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:67949088671

VL - 72

JO - Reports on Progress in Physics

JF - Reports on Progress in Physics

SN - 0034-4885

IS - 7

M1 - 076901

ER -

Abbott BP, Abbott R, Adhikari R, Ajith P, Allen B, Allen G et al. LIGO: The laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory. Reports on Progress in Physics. 2009 Jan 1;72(7). 076901. https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/72/7/076901