Likelihood of developing an alcohol and cannabis use disorder during youth: Association with recent use and age

Ken C. Winters, Chih-Yuan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: We extend the literature on the association of early onset of drug use and estimated risk for developing a substance use disorder (SUD) by investigating the risk that recent onset of alcohol and cannabis use confers for developing a substance use disorder at each chronological age of adolescence and young adulthood (12-21-years-old). Design: Using 2003 data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health [Substance Abuse Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA), 2004. Overview of Findings from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Office of Applied Studies, NSDUH Series H-24, DHHS Publication No. SMA-04-3963, Rockville, MD], we computed separate risk indices for developing an alcohol and cannabis use disorder for recent (prior 2 years) alcohol and cannabis users, respectively, at each age from 12 to 21 years of age, and compared estimated risk to recent onsets users among respondents aged 22-26. Findings: The results indicated that the teenage years were strongly linked to an elevated risk status. The odds ratio (OR) of having a prior year alcohol use disorder (AUD) among recent onset alcohol users was significantly elevated for youth at ages 14, 16, 17 and 18 (range of ORs = 2.0-2.1) compared to the estimated risk for AUD among recent onset users aged 22-26. For cannabis, we obtained significantly elevated ORs for a cannabis use disorder (CUD) at each of teenage years (ages 12-18; range of ORs = 3.9-7.2), when compared to older recent onset users (aged 22-26). Conclusions: These data provide further epidemiological support that adolescence is a particularly vulnerable period for developing a SUD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-247
Number of pages9
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume92
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008

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Cannabis
Alcohols
Substance-Related Disorders
Health
Health Services Misuse
Health Services Administration
Pharmaceutical Preparations
United States Dept. of Health and Human Services
Mental Health Services
Publications
Odds Ratio
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Early onset alcohol and cannabis use
  • Estimated risk for a substance use disorder

Cite this

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Likelihood of developing an alcohol and cannabis use disorder during youth : Association with recent use and age. / Winters, Ken C.; Lee, Chih-Yuan.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 92, No. 1-3, 01.01.2008, p. 239-247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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