Markers of marijuana use outcomes within adolescent substance abuse group treatment

Brett Engle, Mark J. Macgowan, Eric F. Wagner, Paul Amrhein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Despite their popularity, little is known about what distinguishes effective from ineffective or even iatrogenic adolescent group interventions. Methods: Audio recordings and transcripts from 19, 8-10 session, school-based treatment groups comprised of 108, substance abusing 10- to 19-year olds were analyzed. Group leader empathy was measured globally, while two new constructs, group commitment and peer response, were measured using discourse analysis. All variables were measured at the group level. Results: Associations among these process variables were tested and supported, as were the hypothesized associations between both group member language constructs and marijuana use outcomes. Conclusions: These findings were consistent with a proposed theoretical model in which group commitment and peer response predict marijuana use outcomes and mediate the effects of group leader empathy. These observable, in-session, verbal behaviors could distinguish whether adolescents in a group intervention will decrease, maintain, or possibly increase the targeted behavior and are likely influenced by group leader empathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-282
Number of pages12
JournalResearch on Social Work Practice
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2010

Fingerprint

Cannabis
substance abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
Peer Group
adolescent
Verbal Behavior
Group
empathy
Theoretical Models
Language
Therapeutics
leader
commitment
language behavior
group membership
discourse analysis
popularity
recording
language

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Group processes
  • Group work
  • Outcome study
  • Randomized clinical trial
  • Substance abuse

Cite this

Engle, Brett ; Macgowan, Mark J. ; Wagner, Eric F. ; Amrhein, Paul. / Markers of marijuana use outcomes within adolescent substance abuse group treatment. In: Research on Social Work Practice. 2010 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 271-282.
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Markers of marijuana use outcomes within adolescent substance abuse group treatment. / Engle, Brett; Macgowan, Mark J.; Wagner, Eric F.; Amrhein, Paul.

In: Research on Social Work Practice, Vol. 20, No. 3, 01.05.2010, p. 271-282.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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