Me, myself, and lie: The role of self-awareness in deception

Amanda K. Johnson, Allyson Barnacz, Toko Yokkaichi, Jennifer Rubio, Connie Racioppi, Todd K. Shackelford, Maryanne L. Fisher, Julian Paul Keenan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Deception has been studied extensively but still little is known about individual differences in deception ability. We investigated the relationship between self-awareness and deception ability. We enlisted novice actors to portray varying levels of deception. Forty-two undergraduates viewed the videotaped portrayals and rated the actors' believability. Actors with high private self-awareness were more effective deceivers, suggesting that high self-monitors are more effective at deceiving. Self-awareness may lead to knowledge of another's mental state (i.e., Theory of Mind), which may improve an individual's deception ability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1847-1853
Number of pages7
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jun 2005


  • Deception
  • Right hemisphere
  • Schizotypal personality questionnaire
  • Self consciousness scale
  • Self-awareness
  • Theory of mind


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