Measuring ADHD and ODD Symptoms and Impairment Using High School Teachers' Ratings

Steven W. Evans, Christine E. Brady, Judith R. Harrison, Nora Bunford, Lee Kern, Talida State, Christiana Andrews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyzed the results of high school teachers' ratings of symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder, as well as school-related impairment of 875 adolescents. One hundred forty-three teachers at 19 high schools across 4 states each rated 6 students from their first-period classes according to selection criteria that led to ratings for 3 male and 3 female students. Factor analyses were conducted on the symptom measure to test hypotheses pertaining to the divergence of impulsivity and hyperactivity dimensions. Normative values for the Disruptive Behavior Disorder-Teacher Rating Scale and Impairment Rating Scale are reported, as well as important differences related to age, race, and gender. Gender and age contrasts revealed that boys were rated as more symptomatic and impaired than girls and younger adolescents were rated as having more problems than older adolescents in most areas. African American adolescents were rated higher on measures of symptoms and impairment than their Caucasian peers. Large differences in normative levels of hyperactivity/impulsivity and inattention are reported that are consistent with a reduced likelihood of a diagnosis of ADHD-C as children get older. Implications for the interpretation of ratings from high school teachers are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-207
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2013

Fingerprint

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Impulsive Behavior
Students
African Americans
Patient Selection
Statistical Factor Analysis
School Teachers

Cite this

Evans, Steven W. ; Brady, Christine E. ; Harrison, Judith R. ; Bunford, Nora ; Kern, Lee ; State, Talida ; Andrews, Christiana. / Measuring ADHD and ODD Symptoms and Impairment Using High School Teachers' Ratings. In: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. 2013 ; Vol. 42, No. 2. pp. 197-207.
@article{b9e4e5b04fb845499defd7a2c5c79f5e,
title = "Measuring ADHD and ODD Symptoms and Impairment Using High School Teachers' Ratings",
abstract = "We analyzed the results of high school teachers' ratings of symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder, as well as school-related impairment of 875 adolescents. One hundred forty-three teachers at 19 high schools across 4 states each rated 6 students from their first-period classes according to selection criteria that led to ratings for 3 male and 3 female students. Factor analyses were conducted on the symptom measure to test hypotheses pertaining to the divergence of impulsivity and hyperactivity dimensions. Normative values for the Disruptive Behavior Disorder-Teacher Rating Scale and Impairment Rating Scale are reported, as well as important differences related to age, race, and gender. Gender and age contrasts revealed that boys were rated as more symptomatic and impaired than girls and younger adolescents were rated as having more problems than older adolescents in most areas. African American adolescents were rated higher on measures of symptoms and impairment than their Caucasian peers. Large differences in normative levels of hyperactivity/impulsivity and inattention are reported that are consistent with a reduced likelihood of a diagnosis of ADHD-C as children get older. Implications for the interpretation of ratings from high school teachers are discussed.",
author = "Evans, {Steven W.} and Brady, {Christine E.} and Harrison, {Judith R.} and Nora Bunford and Lee Kern and Talida State and Christiana Andrews",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/15374416.2012.738456",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "197--207",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology",
issn = "1537-4416",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

Measuring ADHD and ODD Symptoms and Impairment Using High School Teachers' Ratings. / Evans, Steven W.; Brady, Christine E.; Harrison, Judith R.; Bunford, Nora; Kern, Lee; State, Talida; Andrews, Christiana.

In: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Vol. 42, No. 2, 01.03.2013, p. 197-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring ADHD and ODD Symptoms and Impairment Using High School Teachers' Ratings

AU - Evans, Steven W.

AU - Brady, Christine E.

AU - Harrison, Judith R.

AU - Bunford, Nora

AU - Kern, Lee

AU - State, Talida

AU - Andrews, Christiana

PY - 2013/3/1

Y1 - 2013/3/1

N2 - We analyzed the results of high school teachers' ratings of symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder, as well as school-related impairment of 875 adolescents. One hundred forty-three teachers at 19 high schools across 4 states each rated 6 students from their first-period classes according to selection criteria that led to ratings for 3 male and 3 female students. Factor analyses were conducted on the symptom measure to test hypotheses pertaining to the divergence of impulsivity and hyperactivity dimensions. Normative values for the Disruptive Behavior Disorder-Teacher Rating Scale and Impairment Rating Scale are reported, as well as important differences related to age, race, and gender. Gender and age contrasts revealed that boys were rated as more symptomatic and impaired than girls and younger adolescents were rated as having more problems than older adolescents in most areas. African American adolescents were rated higher on measures of symptoms and impairment than their Caucasian peers. Large differences in normative levels of hyperactivity/impulsivity and inattention are reported that are consistent with a reduced likelihood of a diagnosis of ADHD-C as children get older. Implications for the interpretation of ratings from high school teachers are discussed.

AB - We analyzed the results of high school teachers' ratings of symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder, as well as school-related impairment of 875 adolescents. One hundred forty-three teachers at 19 high schools across 4 states each rated 6 students from their first-period classes according to selection criteria that led to ratings for 3 male and 3 female students. Factor analyses were conducted on the symptom measure to test hypotheses pertaining to the divergence of impulsivity and hyperactivity dimensions. Normative values for the Disruptive Behavior Disorder-Teacher Rating Scale and Impairment Rating Scale are reported, as well as important differences related to age, race, and gender. Gender and age contrasts revealed that boys were rated as more symptomatic and impaired than girls and younger adolescents were rated as having more problems than older adolescents in most areas. African American adolescents were rated higher on measures of symptoms and impairment than their Caucasian peers. Large differences in normative levels of hyperactivity/impulsivity and inattention are reported that are consistent with a reduced likelihood of a diagnosis of ADHD-C as children get older. Implications for the interpretation of ratings from high school teachers are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876314934&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15374416.2012.738456

DO - 10.1080/15374416.2012.738456

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 197

EP - 207

JO - Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

JF - Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

SN - 1537-4416

IS - 2

ER -