Measuring Parenting Skills: Validating the Skills Assessment for Parents with Intellectual Disability

Wendy Zeitlin, Astraea Augsberger, Trupti Rao, Danielle Weisberg, Noor Toraif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Parents with intellectual disabilities (ID) are overrepresented in the child welfare system. Valid instruments are needed to assess parenting skills in this population. This research evaluates the psychometric properties of the Skills Assessment for Parents with Intellectual Disability (SAPID), an observational instrument completed to assess parents with ID with child welfare involvement. Method: All clients enrolled in a prevention program for parents with ID were included in the sample (N = 133). Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to understand the validity of the SAPID. Predictive validity was assessed by examining change over time with two outcomes: out-of-home placement and program completion. Results: The validated SAPID consisted of three latent constructs: daily life skills, parent–child interaction, and overall safety. Parenting skills across all domains significantly improved for families remaining intact and those completing the program. Discussion: The validated SAPID should be considered for use in assessing parenting skills for those with ID.

Keywords

  • child welfare
  • intellectual disability
  • parenting
  • psychometric
  • validity

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