Men, women, and money

Exploring the role of gender, gender-linkage of college major and career-information sources in salary expectations

Kenneth Sumner, Theresa J. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Research focused on salary expectations consistently reports gender-based differences in expectations for entry and peak career. Although a number of variables (e.g., value placed on work-facets, fair pay standards) have been found to mediate the relationship between gender and salary expectations, little research has attempted to assess how expectations may be formed. Based on suggestions by Martin (1989) and social comparison theory, we examined the role that sources of career information (e.g., professors, family) play in shaping college students' salary expectations. Results suggest: (1) differences in entry level salary expectations were associated with gender-linkage of college major and differences in peak salary expectations were associated with gender and gender-linkage of college major, (2) women gathered more information from female sources than did men, and men gathered more information from male sources than did women, and (3) career information was not predictive of either entry or peak salary expectations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)823-839
Number of pages17
JournalSex Roles
Volume34
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1996

Fingerprint

Salaries and Fringe Benefits
salary
money
career
gender
theory comparison
Research
entry level
Students
university teacher

Cite this

@article{7f706491cb4643c2bbe4a9544437cd37,
title = "Men, women, and money: Exploring the role of gender, gender-linkage of college major and career-information sources in salary expectations",
abstract = "Research focused on salary expectations consistently reports gender-based differences in expectations for entry and peak career. Although a number of variables (e.g., value placed on work-facets, fair pay standards) have been found to mediate the relationship between gender and salary expectations, little research has attempted to assess how expectations may be formed. Based on suggestions by Martin (1989) and social comparison theory, we examined the role that sources of career information (e.g., professors, family) play in shaping college students' salary expectations. Results suggest: (1) differences in entry level salary expectations were associated with gender-linkage of college major and differences in peak salary expectations were associated with gender and gender-linkage of college major, (2) women gathered more information from female sources than did men, and men gathered more information from male sources than did women, and (3) career information was not predictive of either entry or peak salary expectations.",
author = "Kenneth Sumner and Brown, {Theresa J.}",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF01544318",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "823--839",
journal = "Sex Roles",
issn = "0360-0025",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "11-12",

}

Men, women, and money : Exploring the role of gender, gender-linkage of college major and career-information sources in salary expectations. / Sumner, Kenneth; Brown, Theresa J.

In: Sex Roles, Vol. 34, No. 11-12, 01.01.1996, p. 823-839.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Men, women, and money

T2 - Exploring the role of gender, gender-linkage of college major and career-information sources in salary expectations

AU - Sumner, Kenneth

AU - Brown, Theresa J.

PY - 1996/1/1

Y1 - 1996/1/1

N2 - Research focused on salary expectations consistently reports gender-based differences in expectations for entry and peak career. Although a number of variables (e.g., value placed on work-facets, fair pay standards) have been found to mediate the relationship between gender and salary expectations, little research has attempted to assess how expectations may be formed. Based on suggestions by Martin (1989) and social comparison theory, we examined the role that sources of career information (e.g., professors, family) play in shaping college students' salary expectations. Results suggest: (1) differences in entry level salary expectations were associated with gender-linkage of college major and differences in peak salary expectations were associated with gender and gender-linkage of college major, (2) women gathered more information from female sources than did men, and men gathered more information from male sources than did women, and (3) career information was not predictive of either entry or peak salary expectations.

AB - Research focused on salary expectations consistently reports gender-based differences in expectations for entry and peak career. Although a number of variables (e.g., value placed on work-facets, fair pay standards) have been found to mediate the relationship between gender and salary expectations, little research has attempted to assess how expectations may be formed. Based on suggestions by Martin (1989) and social comparison theory, we examined the role that sources of career information (e.g., professors, family) play in shaping college students' salary expectations. Results suggest: (1) differences in entry level salary expectations were associated with gender-linkage of college major and differences in peak salary expectations were associated with gender and gender-linkage of college major, (2) women gathered more information from female sources than did men, and men gathered more information from male sources than did women, and (3) career information was not predictive of either entry or peak salary expectations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0039862320&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF01544318

DO - 10.1007/BF01544318

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 823

EP - 839

JO - Sex Roles

JF - Sex Roles

SN - 0360-0025

IS - 11-12

ER -