Metal Chelators Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridinylmethyl)-1,2-ethanediamine (TPEN) Interfere with Carbonic Anhydrase (CA) Activity in Wilbur-Anderson Assay (WAa)

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Abstract

In our effort to set up a laboratory for undergraduate students with the tentative title "Studying enzymatic activity of Carbonic Anhydrase", we successfully determined carbonic anhydrase activity and demonstrated its inhibition by Acetazolamide, a potent CA inhibitor, using the Wilbur-Anderson assay (WAa) using 6 experimental set-ups with a class of 24 students. WAa hinges upon determining the time T (in seconds) required for 4 mL of saturated with carbon dioxide (CO2 ) water to lower pH from 8.3 to 6.3 of the mixture when added to 6 mL of 0.02M Tris buffer at 0°C without (T0) and with enzyme (TE). Activity (A) is defined as A = 2*(T0/TE-1) assay units (AU). In n = 16 blank trials, T0 = 75.0±10.7s (Mean±Standard deviation), and with 0.001mg of CA in n = 12 trials, TE = 50.2±8.1s, A = 0.99±0.66 AU (p < 0.001). When for a test we used EDTA, a carboxylic high-affinity metal ion chelator, to inactivate this Zn2+ -containing enzyme, we unexpectedly encountered that in the presence of the sodium salt of EDTA (Na2 EDTA): 1) T was significantly slowed in a concentration-dependent manner: for 5µM, 50µM, and 500µM, T was 84.3±7.9s (n = 10, p < 0.05), 108.5±.6s (n = 7, p < 0.001), and 130.8±22.7s (n = 10, p < 0.001), respectively; and 2) unexpectedly, in the context of the previous finding, Na2 EDTA significantly enhanced CA activity (TE = 38.5±4.0s, A = 1.84 AU, n = 10, p < 0.001) in the presence of 5µM Na2 EDTA that was abrogated by 10µM Acetazolamide, a potent CA inhibitor (T = 138.3±10.4s, n = 7, p < 0.001). TPEN, a pyridinic non-carboxylic metal ion chelator that is more potent in metal ion chelation that EDTA, significantly slowed T0 (99.5±15.9s, n = 4) similar to Na2 EDTA, and significantly enhance CA activity (TE = 41.1±3.8, n = 4, p < 0.05) with equal potency. This indicates that principally chemically different metal ion chelators EDTA and TPEN interfere with the determination of CA activity in the context of WAa. Studies to explain these phenomena are underway with the hypotheses that the contaminating metal ions that catalyze CO2 hydration/dehydration without CA are responsible for the observed phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume36
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2022

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