Mitigation of the heat island effect in urban New Jersey

William D. Solecki, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Lily Parshall, Greg Pope, Maria Clark, Jennifer Cox, Mary Wiencke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

159 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Implementation of urban heat island (UHI) mitigation strategies such as increased vegetative cover and higher-albedo surface materials can reduce the impacts of biophysical hazards in cities, including heat stress related to elevated temperatures, air pollution and associated public health effects. Such strategies also can lower the demand for air-conditioning-related energy production. Since local impacts of global climate change may be intensified in areas with UHIs, mitigation strategies could play an increasingly important role as individuals and communities adapt to climate change. We use CITYgreen, a GIS-based modeling application, to estimate the potential benefits of urban vegetation and reflective roofs as UHI mitigation strategies for case study sites in and around Newark and Camden, New Jersey. The analysis showed that urban vegetation can reduce health hazards associated with the UHI effect by removing pollutants from the air. Less affluent, inner-city neighborhoods are the ones in which the hazard potential of the UHI effect is shown to be greatest. However, these neighborhoods have less available open space for tree planting and therefore a lower maximum potential benefit. As the climate warms, these neighborhoods may face greater consequences due to interactions between the UHI effect and global climate change. Results also show that urban vegetation is an effective and economically efficient way to reduce energy consumption and costs at the sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-49
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Hazards
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005

Fingerprint

heat island
heat
mitigation
climate change
global climate
vegetation
hazard
air
tree planting
air conditioning
open space
energy production
roof
albedo
public health
air pollution
conditioning
pollutant
energy consumption
atmospheric pollution

Keywords

  • Mitigation
  • New Jersey
  • Urban heat island

Cite this

Solecki, W. D., Rosenzweig, C., Parshall, L., Pope, G., Clark, M., Cox, J., & Wiencke, M. (2005). Mitigation of the heat island effect in urban New Jersey. Environmental Hazards, 6(1), 39-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hazards.2004.12.002
Solecki, William D. ; Rosenzweig, Cynthia ; Parshall, Lily ; Pope, Greg ; Clark, Maria ; Cox, Jennifer ; Wiencke, Mary. / Mitigation of the heat island effect in urban New Jersey. In: Environmental Hazards. 2005 ; Vol. 6, No. 1. pp. 39-49.
@article{9c6fbfe1edf643e99be2b9d97050d59e,
title = "Mitigation of the heat island effect in urban New Jersey",
abstract = "Implementation of urban heat island (UHI) mitigation strategies such as increased vegetative cover and higher-albedo surface materials can reduce the impacts of biophysical hazards in cities, including heat stress related to elevated temperatures, air pollution and associated public health effects. Such strategies also can lower the demand for air-conditioning-related energy production. Since local impacts of global climate change may be intensified in areas with UHIs, mitigation strategies could play an increasingly important role as individuals and communities adapt to climate change. We use CITYgreen, a GIS-based modeling application, to estimate the potential benefits of urban vegetation and reflective roofs as UHI mitigation strategies for case study sites in and around Newark and Camden, New Jersey. The analysis showed that urban vegetation can reduce health hazards associated with the UHI effect by removing pollutants from the air. Less affluent, inner-city neighborhoods are the ones in which the hazard potential of the UHI effect is shown to be greatest. However, these neighborhoods have less available open space for tree planting and therefore a lower maximum potential benefit. As the climate warms, these neighborhoods may face greater consequences due to interactions between the UHI effect and global climate change. Results also show that urban vegetation is an effective and economically efficient way to reduce energy consumption and costs at the sites.",
keywords = "Mitigation, New Jersey, Urban heat island",
author = "Solecki, {William D.} and Cynthia Rosenzweig and Lily Parshall and Greg Pope and Maria Clark and Jennifer Cox and Mary Wiencke",
year = "2005",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.hazards.2004.12.002",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "39--49",
journal = "Environmental Hazards",
issn = "1747-7891",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

Solecki, WD, Rosenzweig, C, Parshall, L, Pope, G, Clark, M, Cox, J & Wiencke, M 2005, 'Mitigation of the heat island effect in urban New Jersey', Environmental Hazards, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 39-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hazards.2004.12.002

Mitigation of the heat island effect in urban New Jersey. / Solecki, William D.; Rosenzweig, Cynthia; Parshall, Lily; Pope, Greg; Clark, Maria; Cox, Jennifer; Wiencke, Mary.

In: Environmental Hazards, Vol. 6, No. 1, 01.01.2005, p. 39-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mitigation of the heat island effect in urban New Jersey

AU - Solecki, William D.

AU - Rosenzweig, Cynthia

AU - Parshall, Lily

AU - Pope, Greg

AU - Clark, Maria

AU - Cox, Jennifer

AU - Wiencke, Mary

PY - 2005/1/1

Y1 - 2005/1/1

N2 - Implementation of urban heat island (UHI) mitigation strategies such as increased vegetative cover and higher-albedo surface materials can reduce the impacts of biophysical hazards in cities, including heat stress related to elevated temperatures, air pollution and associated public health effects. Such strategies also can lower the demand for air-conditioning-related energy production. Since local impacts of global climate change may be intensified in areas with UHIs, mitigation strategies could play an increasingly important role as individuals and communities adapt to climate change. We use CITYgreen, a GIS-based modeling application, to estimate the potential benefits of urban vegetation and reflective roofs as UHI mitigation strategies for case study sites in and around Newark and Camden, New Jersey. The analysis showed that urban vegetation can reduce health hazards associated with the UHI effect by removing pollutants from the air. Less affluent, inner-city neighborhoods are the ones in which the hazard potential of the UHI effect is shown to be greatest. However, these neighborhoods have less available open space for tree planting and therefore a lower maximum potential benefit. As the climate warms, these neighborhoods may face greater consequences due to interactions between the UHI effect and global climate change. Results also show that urban vegetation is an effective and economically efficient way to reduce energy consumption and costs at the sites.

AB - Implementation of urban heat island (UHI) mitigation strategies such as increased vegetative cover and higher-albedo surface materials can reduce the impacts of biophysical hazards in cities, including heat stress related to elevated temperatures, air pollution and associated public health effects. Such strategies also can lower the demand for air-conditioning-related energy production. Since local impacts of global climate change may be intensified in areas with UHIs, mitigation strategies could play an increasingly important role as individuals and communities adapt to climate change. We use CITYgreen, a GIS-based modeling application, to estimate the potential benefits of urban vegetation and reflective roofs as UHI mitigation strategies for case study sites in and around Newark and Camden, New Jersey. The analysis showed that urban vegetation can reduce health hazards associated with the UHI effect by removing pollutants from the air. Less affluent, inner-city neighborhoods are the ones in which the hazard potential of the UHI effect is shown to be greatest. However, these neighborhoods have less available open space for tree planting and therefore a lower maximum potential benefit. As the climate warms, these neighborhoods may face greater consequences due to interactions between the UHI effect and global climate change. Results also show that urban vegetation is an effective and economically efficient way to reduce energy consumption and costs at the sites.

KW - Mitigation

KW - New Jersey

KW - Urban heat island

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=27744564429&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.hazards.2004.12.002

DO - 10.1016/j.hazards.2004.12.002

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 39

EP - 49

JO - Environmental Hazards

JF - Environmental Hazards

SN - 1747-7891

IS - 1

ER -

Solecki WD, Rosenzweig C, Parshall L, Pope G, Clark M, Cox J et al. Mitigation of the heat island effect in urban New Jersey. Environmental Hazards. 2005 Jan 1;6(1):39-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hazards.2004.12.002