Mode of action of the heme-controlled translational inhibitor

relationship of eukaryotic initiation factor 2-stimulating protein to translation restoring factor.

John Siekierka, K. I. Mitsui, S. Ochoa

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Abstract

We have purified the translation restoring factor (RF) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) stimulating protein (ESP) to near homogeneity from the postribosomal supernatant and the ribosomal salt wash, respectively, of rabbit reticulocyte lysate. They were isolated in the form of eIF-2 complexes, apparently in a 1:1 ratio. Their virtually identical NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic patterns show, in addition to the eIF-2 alpha (38,000), beta (52,000), and gamma (54,000) bands, peptide bands at approximately 80, 65, 57, 40, and 32 kilodaltons. The apparent Mr of either complex is about 450,000, whereas that of free translation restoring factor (RF) is approximately 25,000. At 0.5 mM Mg2+, both ESP and RF stimulate ternary complex (eIF-2.GTP.Met-tRNAi) formation catalytically with unphosphorylated eIF-2. Phosphorylation of the eIF-2 alpha subunit by preincubation with eIF-2 alpha kinase and ATP, which virtually blocks eIF-2-ESP interaction, results in only partial blocking of the interaction with RF. This may explain the translation restoring activity of RF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-223
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1981

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Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2
eIF-2 Kinase
Protein Biosynthesis
Ternary Complex Factors
Proteins
Reticulocytes
Guanosine Triphosphate
Phosphotransferases
Salts
Adenosine Triphosphate
Phosphorylation
Rabbits
Peptides

Cite this

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title = "Mode of action of the heme-controlled translational inhibitor: relationship of eukaryotic initiation factor 2-stimulating protein to translation restoring factor.",
abstract = "We have purified the translation restoring factor (RF) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) stimulating protein (ESP) to near homogeneity from the postribosomal supernatant and the ribosomal salt wash, respectively, of rabbit reticulocyte lysate. They were isolated in the form of eIF-2 complexes, apparently in a 1:1 ratio. Their virtually identical NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic patterns show, in addition to the eIF-2 alpha (38,000), beta (52,000), and gamma (54,000) bands, peptide bands at approximately 80, 65, 57, 40, and 32 kilodaltons. The apparent Mr of either complex is about 450,000, whereas that of free translation restoring factor (RF) is approximately 25,000. At 0.5 mM Mg2+, both ESP and RF stimulate ternary complex (eIF-2.GTP.Met-tRNAi) formation catalytically with unphosphorylated eIF-2. Phosphorylation of the eIF-2 alpha subunit by preincubation with eIF-2 alpha kinase and ATP, which virtually blocks eIF-2-ESP interaction, results in only partial blocking of the interaction with RF. This may explain the translation restoring activity of RF.",
author = "John Siekierka and Mitsui, {K. I.} and S. Ochoa",
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AU - Mitsui, K. I.

AU - Ochoa, S.

PY - 1981/1/1

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N2 - We have purified the translation restoring factor (RF) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) stimulating protein (ESP) to near homogeneity from the postribosomal supernatant and the ribosomal salt wash, respectively, of rabbit reticulocyte lysate. They were isolated in the form of eIF-2 complexes, apparently in a 1:1 ratio. Their virtually identical NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic patterns show, in addition to the eIF-2 alpha (38,000), beta (52,000), and gamma (54,000) bands, peptide bands at approximately 80, 65, 57, 40, and 32 kilodaltons. The apparent Mr of either complex is about 450,000, whereas that of free translation restoring factor (RF) is approximately 25,000. At 0.5 mM Mg2+, both ESP and RF stimulate ternary complex (eIF-2.GTP.Met-tRNAi) formation catalytically with unphosphorylated eIF-2. Phosphorylation of the eIF-2 alpha subunit by preincubation with eIF-2 alpha kinase and ATP, which virtually blocks eIF-2-ESP interaction, results in only partial blocking of the interaction with RF. This may explain the translation restoring activity of RF.

AB - We have purified the translation restoring factor (RF) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) stimulating protein (ESP) to near homogeneity from the postribosomal supernatant and the ribosomal salt wash, respectively, of rabbit reticulocyte lysate. They were isolated in the form of eIF-2 complexes, apparently in a 1:1 ratio. Their virtually identical NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic patterns show, in addition to the eIF-2 alpha (38,000), beta (52,000), and gamma (54,000) bands, peptide bands at approximately 80, 65, 57, 40, and 32 kilodaltons. The apparent Mr of either complex is about 450,000, whereas that of free translation restoring factor (RF) is approximately 25,000. At 0.5 mM Mg2+, both ESP and RF stimulate ternary complex (eIF-2.GTP.Met-tRNAi) formation catalytically with unphosphorylated eIF-2. Phosphorylation of the eIF-2 alpha subunit by preincubation with eIF-2 alpha kinase and ATP, which virtually blocks eIF-2-ESP interaction, results in only partial blocking of the interaction with RF. This may explain the translation restoring activity of RF.

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