Multidimensional Trait Emotional Intelligence and Aggressive Tendencies in Male Offenders of Domestic Violence

Anna E. Jaffe, Daniel V. Simonet, Robert P. Tett, Rachael M. Swopes, Joanne L. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was undertaken to identify the role of six facets of trait-emotional intelligence (EI) in men’s aggressive tendencies toward intimate partners (N = 131). Consistent with past research, hierarchical regression showed emotional self-regulation and empathy were negatively and uniquely predictive of four self-reported aggressive tendencies: physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger, and hostility. Canonical correlations yielded two distinct patterns of relationships between EI and aggressive tendencies. The first canonical correlation supported an overall negative relationship, especially involving dependent variables anger and hostility. A second canonical correlation revealed higher physical and verbal aggression were associated with higher emotional self-recognition, regulation of others’ emotions, nonverbal emotional expression, and lower empathy. Findings support a multidimensional understanding of EI and aggressive tendencies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-781
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Family Violence
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Canonical correlation
  • Domestic violence
  • Emotional intelligence

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