Multiwalled carbon nanotubes as adsorbents for removal of herbicide diuron from aqueous solution

Jing Deng, Yisheng Shao, Naiyun Gao, Yang Deng, Chaoqun Tan, Shiqing Zhou, Xuhao Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adsorption of diuron onto as-prepared and oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) from aqueous solution has been studied through batch experiments, in which the effect of contact time, temperature, pH and coexisting Cu 2+ were investigated. The adsorption performance of diuron onto MWCNTs fitted the pseudo-second-order model and apparent equilibrium was reached within 1h. The experimental data showed good correlation with Freundlich, Langmuir and Polanyi-Manes models in the range of experimental concentrations, but followed Polanyi-Manes model most appropriate. The calculated thermodynamic parameters showed adsorption of diuron onto MWCNTs was exothermic and spontaneous. Except for the introduction of oxygen-containing functional groups onto the surfaces of MWCNTs, the oxidized treatment of as-prepared MWCNTs can also increase the surface area and the pore volume, which resulted in the increase adsorption of diuron in this study. The adsorption of diuron was found to be pH dependent, and more adsorption was observed under neutral and basic conditions. The presence of Cu 2+ has no significant effect on the adsorption of diuron onto as-prepared MWCNTs, on the contrary, the presence of Cu 2+ can greatly decrease the adsorption of diuron onto oxidized MWCNTs. In addition, competitive adsorption was greater at higher than at lower diuron concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-347
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume193-194
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Cu
  • Diuron
  • Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)
  • PH
  • Polanyi-Manes model

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