Naturally occurring changes in physical activity are inversely related to depressive symptoms during early adolescence

Robert W. Motl, Amanda Birnbaum, Martha Y. Kubik, Rod K. Dishman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

176 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: We examined the relationship between naturally occurring changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms across a 2-year period among adolescent boys and girls. Methods: Participants (N = 4594) reported their frequency of physical activity outside of school and completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale in the Fall of 1998 (beginning of 7th grade; baseline data), Spring of 1999 (end of 7th grade; interim data), and Spring of 2000 (end of 8th grade; follow-up data). Results: Latent growth modeling indicated that a 1 SD unit change in the frequency of leisure-time physical activity was inversely related to a .25 SD unit change in depressive symptoms. This relationship was attenuated but remained statistically significant when simultaneously controlling for the confounding variables of sex, socioeconomic status, smoking, alcohol consumption, and the value participants placed on their health, appearance, and achievement. Conclusions: Naturally occurring changes in physical activity were negatively related with changes in depressive symptoms. The results encourage randomized controlled trials to experimentally determine whether an increase in physical activity reduces depression risk among adolescent boys and girls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-342
Number of pages7
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004

Fingerprint

Exercise
Depression
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Leisure Activities
Social Class
Alcohol Drinking
Epidemiologic Studies
Randomized Controlled Trials
Smoking
Health
Growth

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • CES-D
  • Depression
  • Exercise

Cite this

@article{8fb501b0290745d3a9aa3068babb67c7,
title = "Naturally occurring changes in physical activity are inversely related to depressive symptoms during early adolescence",
abstract = "Objective: We examined the relationship between naturally occurring changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms across a 2-year period among adolescent boys and girls. Methods: Participants (N = 4594) reported their frequency of physical activity outside of school and completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale in the Fall of 1998 (beginning of 7th grade; baseline data), Spring of 1999 (end of 7th grade; interim data), and Spring of 2000 (end of 8th grade; follow-up data). Results: Latent growth modeling indicated that a 1 SD unit change in the frequency of leisure-time physical activity was inversely related to a .25 SD unit change in depressive symptoms. This relationship was attenuated but remained statistically significant when simultaneously controlling for the confounding variables of sex, socioeconomic status, smoking, alcohol consumption, and the value participants placed on their health, appearance, and achievement. Conclusions: Naturally occurring changes in physical activity were negatively related with changes in depressive symptoms. The results encourage randomized controlled trials to experimentally determine whether an increase in physical activity reduces depression risk among adolescent boys and girls.",
keywords = "Adolescents, CES-D, Depression, Exercise",
author = "Motl, {Robert W.} and Amanda Birnbaum and Kubik, {Martha Y.} and Dishman, {Rod K.}",
year = "2004",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/01.psy.0000126205.35683.0a",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "336--342",
journal = "Psychosomatic Medicine",
issn = "0033-3174",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

Naturally occurring changes in physical activity are inversely related to depressive symptoms during early adolescence. / Motl, Robert W.; Birnbaum, Amanda; Kubik, Martha Y.; Dishman, Rod K.

In: Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 66, No. 3, 01.01.2004, p. 336-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Naturally occurring changes in physical activity are inversely related to depressive symptoms during early adolescence

AU - Motl, Robert W.

AU - Birnbaum, Amanda

AU - Kubik, Martha Y.

AU - Dishman, Rod K.

PY - 2004/1/1

Y1 - 2004/1/1

N2 - Objective: We examined the relationship between naturally occurring changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms across a 2-year period among adolescent boys and girls. Methods: Participants (N = 4594) reported their frequency of physical activity outside of school and completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale in the Fall of 1998 (beginning of 7th grade; baseline data), Spring of 1999 (end of 7th grade; interim data), and Spring of 2000 (end of 8th grade; follow-up data). Results: Latent growth modeling indicated that a 1 SD unit change in the frequency of leisure-time physical activity was inversely related to a .25 SD unit change in depressive symptoms. This relationship was attenuated but remained statistically significant when simultaneously controlling for the confounding variables of sex, socioeconomic status, smoking, alcohol consumption, and the value participants placed on their health, appearance, and achievement. Conclusions: Naturally occurring changes in physical activity were negatively related with changes in depressive symptoms. The results encourage randomized controlled trials to experimentally determine whether an increase in physical activity reduces depression risk among adolescent boys and girls.

AB - Objective: We examined the relationship between naturally occurring changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms across a 2-year period among adolescent boys and girls. Methods: Participants (N = 4594) reported their frequency of physical activity outside of school and completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale in the Fall of 1998 (beginning of 7th grade; baseline data), Spring of 1999 (end of 7th grade; interim data), and Spring of 2000 (end of 8th grade; follow-up data). Results: Latent growth modeling indicated that a 1 SD unit change in the frequency of leisure-time physical activity was inversely related to a .25 SD unit change in depressive symptoms. This relationship was attenuated but remained statistically significant when simultaneously controlling for the confounding variables of sex, socioeconomic status, smoking, alcohol consumption, and the value participants placed on their health, appearance, and achievement. Conclusions: Naturally occurring changes in physical activity were negatively related with changes in depressive symptoms. The results encourage randomized controlled trials to experimentally determine whether an increase in physical activity reduces depression risk among adolescent boys and girls.

KW - Adolescents

KW - CES-D

KW - Depression

KW - Exercise

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2442695247&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/01.psy.0000126205.35683.0a

DO - 10.1097/01.psy.0000126205.35683.0a

M3 - Article

C2 - 15184692

AN - SCOPUS:2442695247

VL - 66

SP - 336

EP - 342

JO - Psychosomatic Medicine

JF - Psychosomatic Medicine

SN - 0033-3174

IS - 3

ER -