New Magnetostratigraphic Insights From Iceberg Alley on the Rhythms of Antarctic Climate During the Plio-Pleistocene

Brendan T. Reilly, Lisa Tauxe, Stefanie Brachfeld, Maureen Raymo, Ian Bailey, Sidney Hemming, Michael E. Weber, Trevor Williams, Marga Garcia, Michelle Guitard, Yasmina M. Martos, Lara F. Pérez, Xufeng Zheng, Linda Armbrecht, Fabricio G. Cardillo, Zhiheng Du, Gerson Fauth, Anna Glueder, Marcus Gutjahr, Iván Hernández-AlmeidaFrida S. Hoem, Ji Hwan Hwang, Mutsumi Iizuka, Yuji Kato, Bridget Kenlee, Suzanne O’Connell, Victoria Peck, Thomas A. Ronge, Osamu Seki, Shubham Tripathi, Jonathan Warnock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 382 in the Scotia Sea’s Iceberg Alley recovered among the most continuous and highest resolution stratigraphic records in the Southern Ocean near Antarctica spanning the last 3.3 Myr. Sites drilled in Dove Basin (U1536/U1537) have well-resolved magnetostratigraphy and a strong imprint of orbital forcing in their lithostratigraphy. All magnetic reversals of the last 3.3 Myr are identified, providing a robust age model independent of orbital tuning. During the Pleistocene, alternation of terrigenous versus diatomaceous facies shows power in the eccentricity and obliquity frequencies comparable to the amplitude modulation of benthic δ18O records. This suggests that variations in Dove Basin lithostratigraphy during the Pleistocene reflect a similar history as globally integrated ice volume at these frequencies. However, power in the precession frequencies over the entire ∼3.3 Myr record does not match the amplitude modulation of benthic δ18O records, suggesting Dove Basin contains a unique record at these frequencies. Comparing the position of magnetic reversals relative to local facies changes in Dove Basin and the same magnetic reversals relative to benthic δ18O at North Atlantic IODP Site U1308, we demonstrate Dove Basin facies change at different times than benthic δ18O during intervals between ∼3 and 1 Ma. These differences are consistent with precession phase shifts and suggest climate signals with a Southern Hemisphere summer insolation phase were recorded around Antarctica. If Dove Basin lithology reflects local Antarctic ice volume changes, these signals could represent ice sheet precession-paced variations not captured in benthic δ18O during the 41-kyr world.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2020PA003994
JournalPaleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Antarctica
  • Dove Basin
  • Iceberg Alley
  • International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP)
  • magnetostratigraphy
  • Scotia Sea

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'New Magnetostratigraphic Insights From Iceberg Alley on the Rhythms of Antarctic Climate During the Plio-Pleistocene'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this