On the Reconstruction of a Quality Virtual Backbone in a Wireless Sensor Network with Faulty Links

Jiarong Liang, Feng He, Dajin Wang, Qingnian Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The work of routing and topological control for a wireless sensor network (WSN) is often undertaken by means of its virtual backbone (VB). Usually, a WSN and its VB can be modeled as a unit disk graph (UDG) and a corresponding connected dominating set (CDS), respectively. A smaller CDS in a UDG is preferred because it will lead to less overhead. In practical applications, sensor nodes or their links in a WSN may fail due to obstacles or accidental damage. Thus, it is desirable to either construct a robust VB or be able to reconstruct a new VB. In this paper, the problem of reconstructing CDSs for UDGs with faulty links is considered. First, we propose a centralized approximation algorithm for the problem. We theoretically show that for a given UDG, the size of the CDS constructed by our algorithm does not exceed <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\xi \cdot opt+\gamma +2m$</tex-math></inline-formula>, where <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\xi \cdot opt+\gamma$</tex-math></inline-formula> is the upper bound on the original CDS size, <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$opt$</tex-math></inline-formula> is the minimum CDS size in the UDG, <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\xi$</tex-math></inline-formula> and <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\gamma$</tex-math></inline-formula> are two positive constants, and <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$m$</tex-math></inline-formula> is the number of faulty links. Next, we design a distributed approximation algorithm on the basis of our centralized approximation algorithm and analyze its time and message complexity. Related simulation experiments are presented to compare our algorithm with other state-of-the-art algorithms for solving this problem, and the results show that our algorithm outperforms its competitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • approximation algorithm
  • Approximation algorithms
  • connected dominating set
  • distributed algorithm
  • Fault tolerance
  • Fault tolerant systems
  • faulty links
  • reconstruction
  • Routing
  • Storms
  • Task analysis
  • Wireless sensor network
  • Wireless sensor networks


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