Ordered Nanostructures of Carbon Nanotube–Polymer Composites from Lyotropic Liquid Crystal Templating

Christopher R. Kasprzak, Evan T. Scherzinger, Amrita Sarkar, Miranda Miao, Dominique H. Porcincula, Alejandro M. Madriz, Zachary M. Pennewell, Sophia S. Chau, Raymond Fernando, Morgan Stefik, Shanju Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of polymer nanocomposites containing single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are prepared from polymerizable quaternary ammonium surfactants using photo-polymerization and investigated by means of polarized optical microscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, and rheological measurements. The surfactant monomers with various alkyl chains of nonpolar tails form lyotropic liquid crystalline (LLC) mesophases in aqueous medium with hexagonal packing of cylindrical micelles. The physical adsorption of nonpolar tails of surfactants on the surface of SWNTs results in de-bundled nanotubes. The LLC phase diagram is investigated as functions of alkyl chain length, concentration, temperature, and SWNTs. As such, addition of SWNTs does not change the hexagonal mesophases but enhances the order–disorder transition temperatures and alters the rheological behaviors. After photo-polymerization, the microstructures of hexagonal packing are changed while addition of SWNTs does not disrupt the resulting microstructures. The polymerized composites are consistent with both lamellar and gyroid nanostructures and a possible model is proposed to interpret the observed phenomenon. Under the shear flow, the defect-free monodomain structures are obtained in the LLC phase and subsequently locked in the solid film after polymerization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800197
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume219
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • carbon nanotubes
  • liquid crystal templating
  • photo-polymerization
  • polymer nanocomposites
  • polymerizable surfactants

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