Oxygen fluxes and ammonia removal efficiencies in constructed treatment wetlands

Meiyin S Wu, Eldon H. Franz, Shulin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ammonia-removal efficiency in constructed wetlands is often limited by the amount of oxygen available in the system. In this study, the oxygen-transfer rates to laboratory-scale, subsurface-flow and free-water-surface constructed wetlands were quantified for two input concentrations of ammonia, 10 and 50 mg nitrogen/L, both with and without Typha latifolia. Rates of oxygen diffusion into the subsurface-flow constructed wetlands were 6.01 to 7.92 g/m2·d and were strongly correlated with ammonia concentration in the water. In contrast, low oxygen diffusion rates of 1.36 to 1.76 g/m2·d were observed for the free-water-surface system. The presence of Typha latifolia had small but consistent effects on atmospheric oxygen-diffusion rates and ammonia-removal efficiencies in both the subsurface-flow and free-water-surface systems. The observed small effects were consistent with measurements of oxygen inputs from T. latifolia roots. Only approximately 0.023 g/m2·d of oxygen was released from roots of T. latifolia, as measured using the titanium (III) citrate buffer method. The results for the ammonia-removal rates of the laboratory-scale constructed wetlands were further verified using pilot-scale constructed wetlands under greenhouse conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-666
Number of pages6
JournalWater Environment Research
Volume73
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2001

Fingerprint

Wetlands
Ammonia
ammonia
constructed wetland
wetland
Oxygen
Fluxes
oxygen
subsurface flow
Water
surface water
Greenhouses
removal
Titanium
Citric Acid
titanium
Buffers
Nitrogen
rate
nitrogen

Keywords

  • Ammonia removal efficiency
  • Constructed treatment wetlands
  • Nitrification
  • Oxygen diffusion

Cite this

Wu, Meiyin S ; Franz, Eldon H. ; Chen, Shulin. / Oxygen fluxes and ammonia removal efficiencies in constructed treatment wetlands. In: Water Environment Research. 2001 ; Vol. 73, No. 6. pp. 661-666.
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Oxygen fluxes and ammonia removal efficiencies in constructed treatment wetlands. / Wu, Meiyin S; Franz, Eldon H.; Chen, Shulin.

In: Water Environment Research, Vol. 73, No. 6, 01.01.2001, p. 661-666.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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