Peeking at the relationship world of infant friends and caregivers

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17 Scopus citations


This qualitative study aimed to explore how infants share and experience friendships and examine the role of infant caregivers in social and friendship experiences among infants. The data were collected through classroom observation over a semester. Findings yielded complex and rich social relationships that both infant friends and caregivers collectively share. Infant friends exhibited strong preference toward each other and share caring, affective, playful, and humorous relationships. The findings also illustrated how infant caregivers play an important role in nurturing and supporting relationships among infants. Yet, it was also noticed that caregivers could easily miss the cues of infants or their intentions and thus hinder the further development of infants' play and social interaction. Implications for practice were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-302
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Early Childhood Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2010


  • friendship
  • infancy
  • infant caregiver
  • teacher role


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