Perceptions of predisposing and protective factors for perinatal depression in same-sex parents

Lori E. Ross, Leah Steele, Beth Sapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Increasing numbers of women are choosing to have children in the context of same-sex relationships or as "out" lesbian or bisexual individuals. This study used qualitative methods to assess perceived predisposing and protective factors for perinatal depression in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) women. Two focus groups with LGBQ women were conducted: 1) biological parents of young children and 2) nonbiological parents of young children or whose partners were currently pregnant. Three major themes emerged. Issues related to social support were primary, particularly related to disappointment with the lack of support provided by members of the family of origin. Participants also described issues related to the couple relationship, such as challenges in negotiating parenting roles. Finally, legal and policy barriers (e.g., second parent adoption) were identified as a significant source of stress during the transition to parenthood. Both lack of social support and relationship problems have previously been identified as risk factors for perinatal depression in heterosexual women, and legal and policy barriers may represent a unique risk factor for this population. Therefore, additional study of perinatal mental health among LGBQ women is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e65-e70
JournalJournal of Midwifery and Women's Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2005


  • Homosexuality
  • Lesbian
  • Parenting
  • Postpartum depression
  • Qualitative research
  • Risk factors


Dive into the research topics of 'Perceptions of predisposing and protective factors for perinatal depression in same-sex parents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this