Perceptions of State-Regulated Reform: Desire, Dedication, and Uncertainty in Policy Implementation

Raul A. Leon, Blanca E. Vega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Higher education reform efforts in Ecuador during the last decade have been described as a process that has radically shaped local institutions. With the government at the forefront of mandating this reform, we examined the perspectives of stakeholders in the country who have been charged with enacting policies seeking to improve higher education. Findings suggested that stakeholders who engaged with the reform understood the need for policy changes and were committed to improve higher education. However, they viewed the reform as an imposed process and have criticized the lack of opportunities to provide input pertaining to the implementation of policy mandates. Under a highly regulated government reform context, university stakeholders felt lost translating national policy guidelines into plans at the institutional level and felt their roles were undervalued and minimized throughout the policy implementation process. We argue Ecuador must seek to include more voices to enhance reform implementation, reassess current policy goals and timelines, and nurture reform stakeholders as policy implementers to reap the benefits of this reform process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-642
Number of pages21
JournalHigher Education Policy
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Ecuador
  • education
  • implementation
  • policy
  • reform
  • research


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