Plio-Pleistocene basalts from the Meseta del Lago Buenos Aires, Argentina

Evidence for asthenosphere-lithosphere interactions during slab window magmatism

Matthew Gorring, Brad Singer, Jason Gowers, Suzanne M. Kay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plio-Pleistocene (3.4-0.125 Ma) post-plateau magmatism in the Meseta del Lago Buenos Aires (MLBA; 46.7°S) in southern Patagonia is linked with the formation of asthenospheric slab windows due to ridge collision along the Andean margin ε1 6 Ma ago. MLBA post-plateau lavas are highly alkaline (43-49% SiO2; 5-8% Na2O+K2O), relatively primitive (6-10% MgO) mafic volcanics that have strong OIB-like geochemical signatures. Their relatively enriched Sr-Nd isotope ratios (87Sr/86Sr=0.7041-0. 7049; 143Nd=0.51264-0.51279), low 206Pb/204Pb(18.13-18.45), steep REE patterns (La/Yb=11-54), and low LILE/LREE and LILE/HFSE ratios (Ba/La<15, La/Ta<15, Ba/Ta<180; Sr/La=15-22; Th/La<0.13; Ce/Pb>15) are distinctive from most other Neogene Patagonian slab window lavas. These data are interpreted to indicate contamination of OIB-like asthenosphere- derived slab window magmas with an EM1-type component derived from the Patagonian continental lithospheric mantle (CLM). The EM1-type signature in Patagonian slab window lavas are geographically associated with the Deseado Massif and indicate important regional differences in lithospheric mantle chemistry beneath southern Patagonia. We propose that hot, upwelling subslab asthenosphere in slab window tectonic settings can cause significant thermo-mechanical erosion and thinning of the continental lithospheric mantle and, thus, may be an important process in slab window magma petrogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-235
Number of pages21
JournalChemical Geology
Volume193
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Feb 2003

Fingerprint

Tectonics
asthenosphere
Isotopes
magmatism
Erosion
slab
lithosphere
Contamination
basalt
Pleistocene
ocean island basalt
mantle chemistry
plateau
mantle
petrogenesis
tectonic setting
Neogene
thinning
sodium oxide
upwelling

Cite this

@article{e34467cdd5e2497ab6e7a9b663c0636b,
title = "Plio-Pleistocene basalts from the Meseta del Lago Buenos Aires, Argentina: Evidence for asthenosphere-lithosphere interactions during slab window magmatism",
abstract = "Plio-Pleistocene (3.4-0.125 Ma) post-plateau magmatism in the Meseta del Lago Buenos Aires (MLBA; 46.7°S) in southern Patagonia is linked with the formation of asthenospheric slab windows due to ridge collision along the Andean margin ε1 6 Ma ago. MLBA post-plateau lavas are highly alkaline (43-49{\%} SiO2; 5-8{\%} Na2O+K2O), relatively primitive (6-10{\%} MgO) mafic volcanics that have strong OIB-like geochemical signatures. Their relatively enriched Sr-Nd isotope ratios (87Sr/86Sr=0.7041-0. 7049; 143Nd=0.51264-0.51279), low 206Pb/204Pb(18.13-18.45), steep REE patterns (La/Yb=11-54), and low LILE/LREE and LILE/HFSE ratios (Ba/La<15, La/Ta<15, Ba/Ta<180; Sr/La=15-22; Th/La<0.13; Ce/Pb>15) are distinctive from most other Neogene Patagonian slab window lavas. These data are interpreted to indicate contamination of OIB-like asthenosphere- derived slab window magmas with an EM1-type component derived from the Patagonian continental lithospheric mantle (CLM). The EM1-type signature in Patagonian slab window lavas are geographically associated with the Deseado Massif and indicate important regional differences in lithospheric mantle chemistry beneath southern Patagonia. We propose that hot, upwelling subslab asthenosphere in slab window tectonic settings can cause significant thermo-mechanical erosion and thinning of the continental lithospheric mantle and, thus, may be an important process in slab window magma petrogenesis.",
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Plio-Pleistocene basalts from the Meseta del Lago Buenos Aires, Argentina : Evidence for asthenosphere-lithosphere interactions during slab window magmatism. / Gorring, Matthew; Singer, Brad; Gowers, Jason; Kay, Suzanne M.

In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 193, No. 3-4, 14.02.2003, p. 215-235.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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