Polyaniline: Electrochemistry and application to rechargeable batteries

A. G. MacDiarmid, L. S. Yang, W. S. Huang, B. D. Humphrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

501 Scopus citations


The present study shows that: (1) reversible electrochemical oxidation of the leuucoemeraldine base form of polyaniline in the pH range ≈1 to ≈4 occurs initially with no deprotonation to give the emeraldine salt; continued oxidation occurs with spontaneous deprotonation to give the pernigraniline base and (2) a rechargeable battery employing the analytically pure emeraldine base form of polyaniline as the cathode can be constructed. This battery shows very promising features such as a capacity of ≈148 Ah/kg, an energy density of ≈340 Wh/kg, coulombic recovery > 98%, good recyclability and satisfactory stand life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-398
Number of pages6
JournalSynthetic Metals
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Feb 1987


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