Prevalence and correlates of AIDS-related behavioral intentions among urban minority high school students

H. J. Walter, R. D. Vaughan, Deborah Ragin, A. T. Cohall, S. Kasen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using data from a cross-sectional survey of 926 predominantly black and Hispanic ninth through twelfth graders in three New York City public high schools, the explanatory power of theoretically and empirically derived predictors (i.e., demographic, contextual, and cognitive) of intentions to engage in sexual intercourse, to be sexually monogamous, to use condoms during intercourse, and to ascertain intercourse partners' sexual and drug-use histories was compared. One-third of sampled students 'definitely' intended to have sexual intercourse in the next year, one-half 'definitely' intended to be sexually monogamous, two-thirds 'definitely' intended to use condoms during intercourse, and three-quarters 'definitely' intended to ascertain intercourse partners' sexual and drug-use histories. In a predictive model including all investigated variables, those variables derived from the cognitive set (i.e., beliefs about susceptibility to getting AIDS, and beliefs about barriers, self-efficacy, norms, and values pertaining to AIDS-preventive actions) were most strongly associated with the four investigated behavioral intentions. However, certain variables derived from the demographic set (i.e., age, gender, race/ethnicity) and contextual set (i.e., previous behavioral involvement, cues, academic failure, substance use) also contributed explained variance to all four intentions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-350
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS Education and Prevention
Volume6
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1994

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Coitus
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS
minority
Students
drug use
Sexual Partners
Condoms
school
student
predictive model
Demography
self-efficacy
Self Efficacy
ethnicity
Hispanic Americans
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Cues
Cross-Sectional Studies
gender

Cite this

Walter, H. J. ; Vaughan, R. D. ; Ragin, Deborah ; Cohall, A. T. ; Kasen, S. / Prevalence and correlates of AIDS-related behavioral intentions among urban minority high school students. In: AIDS Education and Prevention. 1994 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 339-350.
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Prevalence and correlates of AIDS-related behavioral intentions among urban minority high school students. / Walter, H. J.; Vaughan, R. D.; Ragin, Deborah; Cohall, A. T.; Kasen, S.

In: AIDS Education and Prevention, Vol. 6, No. 4, 01.01.1994, p. 339-350.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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